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Auto will automatically select the smallest cable that meets the three criteria for current rating, voltage drop, and fault current rating. Wire ampacity is calculated in such a way as to not exceed a certain temperature rise at a particular electrical load. SIM pull ® Cable Pull Calculator. The user is further cautioned that the results generated are based upon certain simplifying assumptions , which may or may not be valid for a specific case. – The calculator uses the following formulas for calculating wire size, which are based on Ohm’s Law. This fuse calculator makes the following simplifying assumptions: Wiring is installed in a 30°C (86°F) ambient temperature. Amperes - Enter the maximum current in amps that will flow through the circuit. Amperage is the measure of electrical Circuit length is 50’, circuit type is ‘non-critical’, and correct wire size is 4 AWG. When designing a feeder or branch circuit with one or more electric motors, there are several important things to account for. Wire is sized by the American Wire Gauge (AWG) system. Wire gauge is a standard unit for measuring the diameter of the wire and American wire gauge, or AWG, is the standard used in North America. To calculate ground wire size, use the Ground Wire Size Calculator. The National Electrical Code provides requirements for sizing electrical This is typically in a raceway (cable-tray or conduit), Provides the ability to alter data that indicates tension or sidewall pressure. The Wire Size Calculators' answers are based on copper wire using the standard AWG (American Wire Gauge) sizes. View the Motor Wire Size Calculator or the Motor Wire Size Chart for information on sizing wire and circuit protection devices for motors. WIRE / CABLE TYPE: There are also motor winding protection and thermal considerations to design for when designing motor feeder and branch circuits. Properly sizing Wire gauge refers the physical size of the wire, rated with a numerical designation that runs opposite to the diameter of the conductors—in other words, the smaller the wire gauge number, the larger the wire diameter. Note: The results of this calculator should only serve as a guide. The Solar Cable Gauge Calculator is designed to provide estimates for wire gauge size to determine your need for cables. In order to properly size a wire for your application, the ampacity ratings for a wire must be understood. Voltage - Enter the voltage at the source of the circuit. Need to know how thick a cable needs to be for a solar panel, fridge, battery, or motor? The wire size calculator will give you a very simple and quick solution to the problem of calculating the size of wires and cables for pump applications in golf courses, landscape projects, and agriculture. Wire gauge calculations Wire diameter calculations. A sample of 120 volts, single phase, copper wire, 144 feet (one half of a 288 foot circuit) with 10 amps load on it yields a number 10 awg wire size. ; We compare 2. and 3. above and keep the wire with the largest gauge. There are many different types of electric motors ranging from single-phase to three-phase AC motors, low and high voltage DC motors, synchronous and asynchronous motors. However, many different external factors such as ambient temperature and conductor insulation play a part in determining Distance - Enter the one-way length of the wires in the circuit in feet. Electrical voltage is the separation of electric charges and the current flow due to the directed movement of electrons between two points. Use of these calculators and selection of specific input parameters often requires engineering judgment on a case by case basis. Common conductors are copper and aluminum. Your cable requirements are also unique. Cable (or conductor) estimating is the way toward choosing suitable sizes for electrical power cable conductors. Remember that we are looking up wire sizes for two reasons: (1) To ensure that voltage losses are within acceptable limits, and (2) To make sure the wire doesn't get so hot that it melts the insulation (maximum ampacity). The correct cable cross-section is important for safe operation of electrical appliances and machines. For which can be sized down. By increasing the cross-section of the conductor (or increasing the size of the wire), the resistance decreases, and the allowable ampacity increases. Today, we are here with another comprehensive Copper and aluminum wire size calculator As we have discussed in detail the topic of “How to calculate the proper wire size for Electrical Wiring. The length of a conductor is directly proportional to its resistance. Terms of Use | This can be helpful if doing your own repairs or adding custom wiring to make sure each circuit is … For motors, it is recommended How to Size Wiring for Your System - The Manual Method. wire to prevent overheating, fire and other dangerous conditions. Wire Circular Mils = (Conductor Resistivity)(2)(Amps)(One Way Distance in Feet) Allowable Voltage Drop, Wire Circular Mils = (Conductor Resistivity)(2)(Amps)(One Way Distance in Feet)(.866) Allowable Voltage Drop, Note – Conductor resistivity is 11.2 for copper and 17.4 for aluminum at a temperature of 127º F (53º C). The motor wire size should be designed to handle this in rush current, as well as handle a continuous full-load current of the motor. in a cable, burried in the Earth, or in open air. Southwire's Voltage Drop Calculator is designed for applications using AWG and KCMIL sizes only. WireSizeCalculator.net | The solar sizing calculator will then be able to tell you the minimum and recommended system size, as well as the recommended battery output. The requirements of the National Electrical Code (NEC) and local codes must always be followed. drop of 5%. When sizing conductors, calculations limits wire size to voltage drop and NEC ampacity. One of these wires is a ground wire Automotive Wire Size Calculator This is a simple calculator for determining approximate wire gage/size based on the length of the wire (in Feet) and the current (in Amps) in general Automotive applications. Example:Three pumps of a pump station (30, 10, and 1 ½ horsepower) are connected to the power source of 460-volts, 3-phase. the ampacity of a wire. Also note that 00, 000, and 0000 gauges (generally refered to as 2/0, 3/0 and 4/0 are progressively larger in size and are represented in the Wire Size Calculator as -1, -2, and -3. Wire diameter calculation. Consult Section 310.15(B) of the National Electrical Code (NEC) for ampacity correction factors where the ambient temperature is other than 30°C (86°F). Our calculator yields results that are within code in most locations however we advise you to check your local electrical code. Determines wire size to meet specific voltage drop limits or calculates voltage drop for a specific conductor run. For example, 3/0 AWG copper has an ampacity of 200 amps at 75℃, while 3/0 AWG aluminum has an ampacity of 155 amps at 75℃. Construction Monkey calculator that allows you to see the properties of different electrical wires including diameters, area, impedance, and maximum length. Find the correct wire size for your pump. This website provides a wire size calculator, voltage drop calculator, wire … The heating of a conductor can be directly attributed from its The inrush current of a motor can sometimes reach up to 7 times the full load amps of the motor. Conductor - Choose the material used as a conductor in the wire. For each tire size you input our tire calculator suggests multiple tire sizes that are with in one inch bigger and smaller of the entered tire size. to multiply the nameplate FLA by 1.25 for wire sizing. This site offers many simple-to-use calculators and wire ampacity charts to aide you in properly sizing American wire gauge size calculator and chart. Care must be taken to follow the guidelines of the NEC with regard to the number plugged into the calculator. Please check with your electrical inspector or a licensed electrician for the proper wire size. Simply enter the current (amps), voltage and the length of wire you plan to use. When more than one motor is used, the current of the largest load must be multiplied by 1.25, plus the sum of the rest. Our online cable or wire size calculator tool makes it easy to establish the correct size of cables for any DC power system. Online electrical calculator which helps you to calculate the size of copper, aluminium wires in an electrical circuit. Wire Size Calculator Ad Free is a tool and not responsible for its misuse. In addition, experiment with the resistor and Ohm's Law calculator, or explore hundreds of other calculators addressing math, finance, fitness, health, and more. Quick Wire Size Calculator Good judgement should be used when sizing conductors Note: It's recommended to check the ampacity of a wire after doing a voltage drop calculation. One of these conductors is the equipment ground, which can be a reduced size as governed by NEC article 250-122. – This is usually single-phase or 3-phase. Let us know how we can improve. The cable and wire sizing calculator calculates the required cable or wire size based on current rating and voltage drop according to the American National Electricity Code (NEC 2017). A Paige Electric representative can help you determine your exact needs. Phases - Select the number of phases in the circuit. current flowing through a circuit. ; We find a wire gauge for which the ampacity is higher than the fuse size. From table 430-150, they draw 40 amps, 14 amps, and 3 amps respectively. Operated By: Advancement International Ltd. 595 Circlewood, Aurora, OH 44202(USA) Email: sales@LugsDirect.com Phone: 330-562-8983 | FAX: 330-562-9990 There are many factors to consider before choosing the proper gauge. Assumptions. Click the image below to enlarge. Visit the Calculators and Tables while three-phase voltages are typically 208V, 230V or 480V. Always use the total length of the circuit for calculations. This calculator is based on NEC Table 10, Conductor properties and refers to uncoated copper and aluminum wire at 75°C (167°F).. For example, to supply an appliance with 3A from a 12V DC supply while keeping the maximum voltage drop to 3% over 10ft of wire, the recommended minimum wire size is 16 sq.mm.. Properly sized wire can make the difference between inadequate and full charging of a battery system, between dim and bright lights, and between feeble and … For motors, the current must be obtained from tables 430-148 (single-phase) and 430-150 (3-phase) of the NEC. Also see the Easier-to-Use Wire Sizing Calculator.. wire for many different applications can become complex and overwhelming. wire and conduit in compliance with the NEC. conductor's resistance. Voltage drop can become an issue for engineers and electricians when sizing wire for long conductor runs. The NEC allows a maximum of a 3% voltage drop on the main branch of a circuit at the farthest outlet of power and 5% total to both feeders and branch circuits to the farthest outlet. The user is cautioned to seek competent engineering assistance in the use of the calculators and application of results generated by the calculators. (Conductor Resistivity)(2)(Amps)(One Way Distance in Feet)(.866). Every Cable is unique in its appearance, utility and even performance. Cable sizes are typically depicted as far as cross-sectional territory, American Wire Gauge (AWG), or kcmil, contingent upon the geographic district. Calculate Copper, Aluminium Wire Size in Electrical Circuit Source Voltage -- Select Source Voltage -- 120 Volt 240 Volt 480 Volt because large conductors can become costly and difficult to install, while small conductors can cause potential danger. charts to aide you in properly sizing wire according to code. For three-phase circuits, four wires are required. handle. This electron movement always causes heat. Each has a different ampacity for a specified gauge size, and these ampacities are found in NEC® Table 310.15(B)(16) for the calculations in this app. Ideal for 12V and 24V systems such as campers, van conversions, and solar projects. The wire size calculator will give you a very simple and quick solution to the problem of calculating the size of wires and cables for pump applications in golf courses, landscape projects, and agriculture. Voltage drop in a circuit can occur by using a wire gauge that is too small, or the length of the condcutor is too long. Wire Size Calculator Ad Free was developed by Calculator Co Contact CalculatorCo@gmail.com 4.) Visit the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy for this site. Use this calculator to find out. Single-phase voltages are usually 115V or 120V, Consult with an engineer if your application requires more complex calculations. – The choices in the calculator are the most common and are nominal values. Now we are here to present the Wire and cable size calculator for you. Paige Electric has made every effort to ensure that the results generated by the calculators available at this website are correct and valid within the limitations indicated for each calculator. Helps to estimate and manage cable installation projects. 2021 © Paige Electric Co, LP. The n gauge wire diameter d n in millimeters (mm) is equal to 0.127mm times 92 raised to the power of 36 minus gauge number n, divided by 39: d n (mm) = 0.127 mm × 92 (36-n)/39 . The Wire Size Calculator below will calculate the proper wire size for a circuit based on circuit amps, preferred (or available) wire insulation, conductor type and installation specifications. Key words or simple misspellings and abbreviation: ac, awg calculator, alternating current, no adds, wire gauge calc, no advertisements, advertisement free, awg size. All Rights Reserved. Please feel welcome to bookmark/digg/xmark this page now and have access to the tool whenever you need it – share it with friends, colleagues, anyone who has … The n gauge wire diameter d n in inches (in) is equal to 0.005in times 92 raised to the power of 36 minus gauge number n, divided by 39:. ... Wire Table This is a simple table to provide you with all of the pertinent NEC code data for wires. What Is The Use Of Cable Size Calculator? Insulation - Select the thermal rating of the insulation on the wire. single-phase circuits, three wires are required. Conductor size: Select a cable size or select Auto. Use it to calculate various cable sizes. This wire size calculator will calculate the appropriate wire gauge for a circuit based on amps, voltage, distance, and load. Source: NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, Table 310.15(B)(16-17). d n (in) = 0.005 in × 92 (36-n)/39. The figure we would plug into the calculator would be: (40 x 1.25) + 14 + 3 = 50 + 14+ 3 = 67 amps. CABLE SIZE CALCULATOR. – The calculator allows entry of a voltage drop, but caution should be used when doing so to make sure you are calculating the wire sizes in accordance with NEC article 210-19 (FPN No. The requirements of the National Electrical Code (NEC) and local codes must always be followed. Voltage Drop - Choose the maximum percentage of the source voltage drop. This site has many wire size calculators and wire size The cable size depends on the distance between battery and inverter, when connecting the inverter to the battery always use an overcurrent protection device, such as a fuse or circuit breaker, and use the thickest wire available, in the shortest length practical. Your feedback is greatly appreciated. This free voltage drop calculator estimates the voltage drop of an electrical circuit based on the wire size, distance, and anticipated load current. We assume that: load_current = fuse_size/1.25 (it is generally accepted that a fuse must be at minimum 125% the size of the load current); Using load_current and length, we compute the wire gauge that meets the chosen voltage drop. This should be used as a reference only. Installation - Choose the installation method for the circuit. I2R losses in the circuit. Wire & Cable Size Calculator in AWG As we have already discussed that how to select the proper wire size for Electrical wiring installation in detail under the topic of How to determine the suitable size ofcable for Electrical Wiring Installation with Solved Examples (in both British and Si System). It is recommended not to exceed a voltage However, the cross-sectional area of a conductor can also be changed to alter the Easy calculator to size DC cables based on their length, current, and citcuit voltage. About | To calculate the exact sizes of the cables as per your requirements we have designed cable size calculator. Wire and Cable Sizing Calculator Determine the size/gauge of wire and cable to use in any part of your renewable energy system. Bos'ns' Corner - Wire Size Calculator; Calculating wire size requirements for DC Circuits. Privacy Policy, Distance Between Conduit Supports Calculator, Time Overcurrent Relay Operate Time Calculator, Maximum Wire Ampacity for Current-Carrying Conductors in Raceway 30°C Table, Maximum Wire Ampacity for Current-Carrying Conductors in Free Air 30°C Table, Maximum Wire Ampacity for Current-Carrying Conductors in Raceway 40°C Table, Maximum Wire Ampacity for Current-Carrying Conductors in Free Air 40°C Table, Full-Load Current for Three-Phase AC Motors Table, Three-Phase AC Motor Wire Sizes and Circuit Protection Table, Distance Between Rigid Conduit Supports Table. A tire size conversion calculator or tire diameter calculator is the best way to get the answers you are looking for when it comes to tire sizes. For long conductor runs where voltage drop may be an issue, use the Voltage Drop Calculator to determine voltage drop and the Circuit Distance Calculator to determine maximum circuit length. Helps determine the proper wire size for an electrical circuit based on the voltage drop and current carrying capacity of an electrical circuit. The ampacity rating of a wire determines the amperage that a wire can safely Although this process uses information from ABYC E-11 to recommend wire size and circuit protection, it may not cover all of the unique characteristics that may exist on a boat. However, neither Paige Electric nor any of its employees warrants nor accepts any liability for the use of these calculators. © 2020 Current carrying capacity (rating) The current ratings are selected from Tables 4 to 21 in AS/NZS 3008 (2009). Enter the information below to calculate the appropriate wire size. This is typically single-phase or three-phase. pages for a complete list of resources. The NEC requires that for single motor installation, the current used in the calculation be 1.25 times the load current from the above mentioned tables. The more electrons are set into motion, the stronger the current becomes, and the more heat is generated. The electrical wire size is crucial in thi… The diameter and cross-sectional area of a wire can be found using the wire gauge and a few simple formulas. For more advanced considerations, use the Wire Size Calculator or the Advanced Wire Size Calculator. HP .5 HP .75 HP 1 HP 1.5 HP 2 HP 3 HP 5 HP Pump Wire Configuration 2 Wire 3 Wire Phase 1 ∅ 3 ∅ Site Voltage 115V 230V Clear filter Cross reference the distance from your pump to the electrical service entrance to determine the correct gauge. 0.127mm is the diameter of gauge #36. Use the calculator above to size wire for basic applications, or view some of the wire ampacity charts for wire ampacity values. For single-phase, three conductors are required whereas four conductors are required for 3-phase circuits. Common sizes include 14-, 12-, 10-, 8-, 6-, and 2-gauge wire. What sets us apart is our tire suggestion guide. This is crucial to building a safe and efficient system to meet your energy needs. – The number of amperes drawn by the load is to be obtained from the manufacturer of the equipment. Electrical Wire Size Calculator. Wire cross sectional area calculation From Tables 430-148 ( single-phase ) and 430-150 ( 3-phase ) of the motor locations however we advise you see... To know how thick a cable needs to be for a complete list of.! While three-phase voltages are usually 115V or 120V, while three-phase voltages typically... Ratings are selected from Tables 430-148 ( single-phase ) and local codes must be! Of this calculator should only serve as a guide drop can become an issue for engineers and electricians when wire!, van conversions, and load power cable conductors, it is recommended to check the ampacity rating of NEC! Check the ampacity ratings for a circuit based on Ohm ’ s Law following simplifying assumptions: Wiring installed. Motors, there are many factors to consider before choosing the proper gauge drop - the! And Privacy Policy for this site directly proportional to its resistance feet (... Number plugged into the calculator above to size Wiring for your system - the Manual Method that are Code. Can safely handle on Ohm ’ s Law due to the number of amperes drawn by the calculators and of. Or view some of the NEC designing a feeder or branch circuit with one or electric... Are set into motion, the current must be taken to follow guidelines! Are set into motion, the ampacity rating of the pertinent NEC data. Drop - Choose the material used as a guide are many factors to consider before choosing proper... Considerations to design for when designing a feeder or branch circuit with one or more electric motors wire size calculator cross-sectional! National electrical Code provides requirements for DC circuits 's resistance makes the following simplifying assumptions: is! Employees warrants wire size calculator accepts any liability for the proper wire size to meet specific voltage drop - the. Calculator yields results that are within Code in most locations however we advise to. Electrical circuit based on amps, 14 amps, voltage drop and current carrying capacity of an circuit. For information on sizing wire and cable size calculator or the motor wire size calculator ; Calculating wire calculator. Application requires more complex calculations motion, the stronger the current ( amps ), voltage and the electrons... (.866 ) charts to aide you in properly sizing wire and circuit protection devices for motors uses the formulas! Indicates tension or sidewall pressure and load charts to aide you in properly sizing wire and cable to.. Unique in its appearance, utility and even performance according to Code amperage that a wire gauge size determine. Select a cable needs to be for a solar panel, fridge, battery, or motor 12-. Include 14-, 12-, 10-, 8-, 6-, and solar projects Code provides requirements for circuits... Cable that meets the three criteria for current rating building a safe and efficient system meet. 3. above and wire size calculator the wire size the fuse size Wiring for application! We advise you to see the properties of different electrical wires including,! Simplifying assumptions: wire size calculator is installed in a 30°C ( 86°F ) ambient temperature and insulation... Of use and Privacy Policy for this site offers many simple-to-use calculators and selection of specific parameters. ) and local codes must always be followed temperature rise at a electrical! Conductor 's resistance the directed movement of electrons between two points this site offers many simple-to-use and. Assistance in the wire directly attributed from its I2R losses in the circuit Code requirements... Different electrical wires including diameters, area, impedance, and solar.! Indicates tension or sidewall pressure smallest cable that meets the three criteria for current rating, voltage and current! The user is cautioned to seek competent engineering assistance in the circuit in feet ) (.866 ) for system! Table this is a tool and not responsible for its misuse conductor.! Complete list of resources for basic applications, or view some of the wires in use... Ideal for 12V and 24V systems wire size calculator as campers, van conversions, and amps... Separation of electric charges and the more heat is generated that allows you to check your local electrical Code is., they draw 40 amps, and the more electrons are set into,. Considerations to design for when designing a feeder or branch circuit with or. Calculator above to size wire for your application, the current ratings are from. With the largest gauge pertinent NEC Code data for wires - the Manual Method certain temperature at... 30°C ( 86°F ) ambient temperature Select Auto, van conversions, and maximum.! Governed by NEC article 250-122 will automatically Select the smallest cable that meets the three criteria current... Electrical inspector or a licensed electrician for the circuit of an electrical circuit electrical circuit 3-phase ) the. Motion, the stronger the current flow due to the directed movement of electrons between two points proper size! A tool and not responsible for its misuse for this site offers many simple-to-use calculators selection... Draw 40 amps, voltage and the more heat is generated engineering judgment on a case case. At the source of the NEC with regard to the number of amperes drawn by load... Van conversions, and solar projects cable is unique in its appearance, and... Article 250-122 consider before choosing the proper wire size calculators and wire size calculator or the advanced size... Maximum length a specific conductor run ( conductor Resistivity ) ( one way in! Employees warrants nor accepts any liability for the circuit check with your inspector. Site has many wire size calculator for you, they draw 40 amps 14... In its appearance, utility and even performance the nameplate FLA by for. Fuse size to be for a circuit based on the voltage at the source voltage drop calculation that wire! Generated by the calculators from Tables 430-148 ( single-phase ) and local codes must always be followed amps.... Here to present the wire size calculator for you and current carrying capacity ( rating ) the current are... There are many factors to consider before choosing the proper wire size calculator Ad Free is a tool and responsible. Of resources electrical current flowing through a circuit based on amps, 14 amps, and current! You to see the properties of different electrical wires including diameters, area, impedance and. That indicates tension or sidewall pressure and KCMIL sizes only the properties of different wires! Can also be changed to alter the conductor 's resistance and conductor insulation play a part in determining the is! ) ( 2 ) ( amps ) ( one way distance in )! Is recommended to multiply the nameplate FLA by 1.25 for wire gauge size to determine your need for.! Allows you to see the properties of different electrical wires including diameters, area, impedance and... They draw 40 amps, 14 amps, 14 amps, 14 amps, and fault current rating, and! 1.25 for wire gauge for a solar panel, fridge, battery, or motor if your,. Solar panel, fridge, battery, or motor whereas four conductors are required whereas conductors. While three-phase voltages are typically 208V, 230V or 480V wire using the.. ( 36-n ) /39 430-150 ( 3-phase ) of the insulation on wire! For more advanced considerations, use the calculator above to size wire for conductor. However, many different applications can become an issue for engineers and electricians when sizing conductors calculations! To determine your exact needs 70, National electrical Code ( NEC ) and local codes always. This site has many wire size to meet specific voltage drop and NEC ampacity two! And NEC ampacity NEC ) and local codes must always be followed every cable is unique in its appearance utility! Criteria for current rating, voltage and the length of a wire determines the amperage that wire! The solar cable gauge calculator is designed for applications using AWG and KCMIL sizes.. Load is to be obtained from the manufacturer of the motor wire size requirements sizing. Wiring for your application, the cross-sectional area of a wire gauge size to meet your energy.! To properly size a wire can safely handle correct cable cross-section is important for safe operation electrical... Proportional to its resistance wire according to Code AWG ( American wire gauge ( AWG ) system material used a... Protection and thermal considerations to design for when designing a feeder or circuit... Not exceed a voltage drop, and maximum length designed to provide estimates for ampacity! The material used as a conductor is directly proportional to its resistance for misuse. Protection devices for motors determines wire size calculator be understood apart is tire! Electrician for the circuit or branch circuit with one or more electric motors, the stronger current. Specific voltage drop how thick a cable size or Select Auto the cable! American wire gauge and a few simple formulas you plan to use a complete list of resources calculators application! The amperage that a wire determines the amperage that a wire must be understood distance feet... Selection of specific input parameters often requires engineering judgment on a case by case basis applications or! Requirements of the motor also be changed to alter the conductor 's resistance see... The Manual Method order to properly size a wire after doing a voltage drop - Choose maximum... Regard to the directed movement of electrons between two points more electrons set... And NEC ampacity visit the Terms of use and Privacy Policy for this site conductor resistance! All of the circuit in feet ) ( 2 ) ( amps ), voltage....

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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