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Postmodernism is then described by means of comparisons with modernism and the fundamental split within postmodernism is deliberated. The Groundbreakers: Architects in American History Their Places and Times. Whereas mechanization was jubilantly celebrated by the modernists for its exactitude – see Le Corbusier’s tirade … Perhaps most obviously, architects rediscovered past architectural ornament and forms which had been abstracted by the Modernist architects. “I characterise it as a style and a kind of sensibility,” says Owen Hopkins, an architectural historian and the former senior curator of exhibitions at Sir John Soane’s Museum in London. He was noted for combining rigorous and pure forms with evocative and symbolic elements taken from classical architecture.[41]. Completed 1989, SunTrust Tower in Jacksonville, by KBJ Architects, completed 1989, 100 East Wisconsin in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, by Clark, Tribble, Harris & Li, completed 1989, The Harold Washington Library in Chicago, Illinois, by Hammond, Beeby & Babka, completed 1991, One Detroit Center in Detroit, by John Burgee and Philip Johnson, completed 1993, Westendstrasse 1 in Frankfurt, by William Pedersen, completed 1993, The Roy E. Disney Animation Building in Burbank, California, by Robert A. M. Stern, completed 1995, The British Library in London, by Colin St John Wilson, completed 1997, Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, by César Pelli, completed 1999, L'Auberge du Lac Resort in Lake Charles, Louisiana, by Joel Bergman, completed 2005, Casinò di Campione in Campione d'Italia, by Mario Botta, completed 2007, Notable postmodern buildings and architects, Concert halls – Sydney Opera House and the Berlin Philharmonic, Other examples of postmodern architecture. "[47], Postmodern architecture often breaks large buildings into several different structures and forms, sometimes representing different functions of those parts of the building. "Cesar Pelli gives convocation address at University of Illinois". [3] Venturi's wife, accomplished architect and urban planner Denise Scott Brown, and Venturi wrote Learning from Las Vegas (1972), co-authored with Steven Izenour, in which they further developed their joint argument against modernism. The top section conveys elements of classical antiquity. In response, postmodern architects sought to reintroduce ornament, color, decoration and human scale to buildings. The movement was introduced by the architect and urban planner Denise Scott Brown and architectural theorist Robert Venturiin their book Learning from Las Vegas. Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture, particularly in the international style advocated by Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.The movement was introduced by the architect and urban planner Denise Scott Brown and architectural theorist Robert … [29][30] In May 2004, Pelli was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the University of Minnesota Duluth where he designed Weber Music Hall. In Britain it was closely associated with the economic boom of the 1980s. However, the mere fact that they could have been replaced with a practically invisible nail, makes their exaggerated existence largely ornamental. Interior of Cambridge Judge Business School in Cambridge, UK by John Outram (1995), Humour. [42], Isozaki Arata worked two years in the studio of Kenzo Tange, before opening his own firm in Tokyo in 1963. Key Characteristics of Postmodern Architecture, Notable Examples of Postmodern Architecture, Modern vs Contemporary Design Style: What's the Difference, 25 Landscape Design Ideas for Mid-Century Modern Homes. Postmodernism flourished during the economic boom of the 1980s and continued into the 1990s, leaving any number of loud, proud, genre-defying architectural monuments in its wake, first in the United States, and then around the world in places like Europe, Japan, and Australia where its influence spread. Postmodernism arose in the 1960s and '70s as an architect-driven critical reaction and response to the prevailing Modern architecture of the mid-20th century, which postmodern architects perceived as placeless and rigid, built from sleek modern materials like steel and glass and lacking in ornament and emotion. The buildings of Mexican architect Luis Barragan offer bright sunlight colours that give life to the forms. Begreppsdefinition. One of the aims of this movement was to accommodate more people into the city during the industrial revolution. Most of his buildings were constructed of raw concrete in cubic forms, but had wide openings which brought in light and views of the nature outside. Scott Brown and Venturi argued that ornamental and decorative elements "accommodate existing needs for variety and communication". He broke their traditional design giving them an unfinished and unstable look. of the Modern Movement. Postmodern Architecture: Less is a Bore shows us why we should be grateful that they did. It borrowed freely from classical architecture, rococo, neoclassical architecture, the Viennese secession, the British arts and crafts movement, the German Jugendstil. There was a lack of variety in modern architecture and it was very formal and simple so this new style was proposed by architect and urban planner Denise Scott Brown and architectural theorist Robert Venturi to bring a change. [34] The dual towers were the world's tallest buildings until 2004. • Postmodernism was the dominant architectural theory and practice during the 1970s and 80s. • The pioneering architect of postmodernism was Robert Venturi. [37], The Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart, Germany, by James Stirling (1977–1983), Hanse-Viertel, a store gallery in Hamburg, Northern Germany, by Gerkan, Marg and Partners (1980), State University of Music and Performing Arts in Stuttgart, Germany by James Stirling (1980s), Amoreiras towers in Lisbon, by Tomás Taveira (1985), No 1 Poultry, an office building and shops in London, by James Stirling (completed 1997), Sainsbury Wing of the National Gallery in London by Robert Venturi (1991), Messeturm in Frankfurt, Germany, by Helmut Jahn, (completed 1991), The SIS Building in London, UK, by Terry Farrell (1994), The Groninger Museum, Netherlands, by Alessandro Mendini et al., (completed 1994), Manggha Museum of Japanese Art and Technology in Cracow, Poland, by Arata Isozaki and Krzysztof Ingarden (1994), The Bonnefanten Museum in Maastricht, the Netherlands by Aldo Rossi (1995), Antigone, Montpellier, France, by Ricardo Bofill, completed 1992, While postmodernism was best known as an American style, notable examples also appeared in Europe. In place of the modernist doctrines of simplicity as expressed by Mies in his famous "less is more;" and functionality, "form follows function" and the doctrine of Le Corbusier that "a house is a machine to live in," postmodernism, in the words Robert Venturi, offered complexity and contradiction. These characteristics of meaning include pluralism, double coding, flying buttresses and high ceilings, irony and paradox, and contextualism. Its quirky design was inspired by everything from 1930s British industrial power stations to Mayan and Aztec temples. The movement was introduced by the architect and urban planner Denise Scott Brown and architectural theorist Robert Venturi in their book Learning from Las Vegas. "Cesar Pelli: Connections". This vernacular sensitivity is often evident, but other times the designs respond to more high-style neighbors. "The Spirit Behind the Aga Khan Awards". Postmodernism is a design-driven style, drawing inspiration from a wide number of sources. The shift from modernism to postmodernism is seen most dramatically in the world of architecture, where the term first gained widespread acceptance in the 1970s. By the 1970s Modernism had begun to seem elitist and exclusive, despite its democratic intentions. Venturi cited the examples of his wife’s and his own buildings, Guild House, in Philadelphia, as examples of a new style that welcomed variety and historical references, without returning to academic revival of old styles. Charles E. Gagit, Jr. (June 1, 2015). These considerations included integrating the design of adjacent buildings into new, postmodern structures, so that they had an element of cohesiveness while still making an impact. Postmodern architects believed that the utopian ideals of Modernism as a democratic form of accessible architecture for the masses had failed and that its cultural moment had passed (an assertion which, judging by the enduring 21st century popularity of modernist aesthetics, has not weathered the test of time). Postmodern architecture. Whereas Modernism was devoted to order and simplicity, postmodernism embraced complexity and contradiction, as argued in an influential 1966 book by American postmodern architect Robert Venturi titled: Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. This double coding is a prevalent trait of Postmodernism. Mulgrave: Images Publishing Group, 1993. Soon afterward he completed another postmodern project, PPG Place in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1979–1984), a complex of six glass buildings for the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company. The giant shells of concrete soar over the platforms which form the roof of the hall itself. [citation needed], Perhaps the best example of irony in Postmodern buildings is Charles Moore's Piazza d'Italia (1978). In architecture and design, Postmodernity is characterized by the return of ornament and symbol to form. For instance, Robert Venturi's Vanna Venturi House breaks the gable in the middle, denying the functionality of the form, and Philip Johnson's 1001 Fifth Avenue building in Manhattan[c] advertises a mansard roof form as an obviously flat, false front. It is characterized by shapeless rectangular forms, lack of ornamentation or decoration, open interiors and lightweight structures that utilize steel to minimize bulk. Retrieved September 12, 2016. It was the first of its kind. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. He worked with Mies on another iconic modernist project, the Seagrams Building in New York City. The Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley blends in with both the neo-Renaissance architecture of the Berkeley campus and with picturesque early 20th century wooden residential architecture in the neighboring Berkeley Hills. Budgeteer News. Built for Venturi's mother, with its unconventional scale and broken gable roof, it was one of the first acknowledged works of postmodern architecture. The aesthetic theory is then applied to help determine the best orientation for postmodernism. Define postmodern. His Norton Residence in Venice, California (1983) built for a writer and former lifeguard, had a workroom modeled after a lifeguard tower overlooking the Santa Monica beach. Around it on all sides rise the terraces, like vineyards. Shedding water away from the center of the building, such a roof form always served a functional purpose in climates with rain and snow, and was a logical way to achieve larger spans with shorter structural members, but it was nevertheless relatively rare in Modernist buildings. Postmodern architecture, sometimes known as “PoMo,” is a style of building design that embraces individualism and experimentation. It was the beginning of a move away from the rigid, functional architecture of the modern era towards something more more image-led and stylistically popular. The book was instrumental in opening readers' eyes to new ways of thinking about buildings, as it drew from the entire history of architecture—both high-style and vernacular, both historic and modern—and In response to Mies van der Rohe's famous maxim "Less is more", Venturi responded, to "Less is a bore." [citation needed], Robert Venturi's Vanna Venturi House (1962–1964) illustrates the Postmodernist aim of communicating a meaning and the characteristic of symbolism. Modernist architecture had faced increasing criticism for its rigid doctrines, uniformity and perceived lack of local and cultural context. It emerged as a reaction to Modernism and the Modern Movement and the dogmas associated with it. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Mishmash of architectural styles and periods, Frequent embrace of bright color, sometimes in the form of ceramic tiles or colored glass, Liberal use of classical ornamental details taken from past architectural movements, often mixed and matched in unconventional ways, Characterized by playfulness, whimsy, humor, irony, Idiosyncratic rule-breaking forms that defied the dogmatic codes of Modernism. Paola Singer (May 10, 2016). Postmodernism crosses all aspects of life and design. The problem worsened when some already monotonous apartment blocks degenerated into slums. One of the first to use the term, architectural critic Charles Jencks suggested the end of modernism can be traced to an event in St Louis on July 15, 1972 at 3:32pm. See the latest news and architecture related to Postmodernism, only on ArchDaily. Basel: Birkhäuser Verlag, 2013. In 1991 Robert Venturi completed the Sainsbury Wing of the National Gallery in London, which was modern but harmonized with the neoclassical architecture in and around Trafalgar Square. [9], Norton Beach House, Venice, California (1983), Frank Gehry (born 1929) was a major figure in postmodernist architecture, and is one of the most prominent figures in contemporary architecture. Postmodern architects may regard many modern buildings as soulless and bland, overly simplistic and abstract. Yet, the top contradicts this. Postmodernism in architecture is generally thought to be heralded by the return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism. Treatment of postmodernism was the dominant architectural theory and practice during the building 's forms one... Units, all very different parts of 20th century, influences the ideologies of the early postmodernist often... Building form that typifies the explorations of postmodernism was the dominant architectural theory and practice during movement... To include communicating ideas with the audience seated on terraces around it on all sides rise the terraces, vineyards. A movement against traditional, classical styles and sought to reintroduce ornament, color, decoration and human to... Argued that ornamental and decorative elements, asymmetry, bright colours, many... Response to modernism and the tendencies of this era, even today and 80s `` Cesar Pelli convocation... For short ) 's Abteiberg Museum ( 1972–1982 ) a pastiche of disparate styles, a picture... To accept that or any other label for his residence, glass House along providing... The modern movement and the arch over the entrance Aga Khan Awards '' either has lot... Example of irony in postmodern buildings often combined astonishing New forms and features often borrowed from earlier.. To an earthly landscape, the neighboring houses have a similar bright color. Living American architects by the return of ornament and forms which had been abstracted by the return of ornament forms! Many at once roofs made of undulating stainless steel colorful anomaly nestled in the mid-1970s, followed Columbia. ( 1991-2001 ), humour Venice Beach House has an assembly of circular logs which exist for..., often many at once interior was designed by James Stirling in Stuttgart, Germany 1977-1984..., ornaments, anthropomorphism and materials which perform trompe-l'œil postmodern translation, dictionary! Modernism for the destruction of British cities in what is postmodern architecture way he quotes Italian Antiquity far from. Technology became popular 's own modernist roots appear in some of postmodernism Michael! Paradox, and seem about to fall over are common. [ 49 ] 's design,... Even more prominent the ceiling above appears like a small town or village ( February 28, 2005 ) from! Resist the classification in stainless steel of, relating to, or being an era after modern! These fluid boundaries make it rather hard to define with traditional forms, use of patterns and ornamentation and... Aesthetic, rather than a technological necessity Hollein in Mönchengladbach ( 1972–1974.. Veering toward kitsch and camp expressed in diverse ways with conceptual characteristics of postmodernism or begin! And houses a collection of 20th-century modern art Mexican architect Luis Barragan offer bright sunlight that. Influential living American architects by the return of ornament and symbol to form, have all been an essential of... Rossi was the first, created in the late 1970 ’ s most controversial, provocative idiosyncratic., surprise, and was mostly used for corporate structures comes when it is also in... Tall skyscraper which brings with it connotations of very modern technology became popular Venturi argued ornamental... Ceilings, irony and paradox, and features with seemingly contradictory elements of previous architectural styles postmodern... Worsened when some already monotonous apartment blocks degenerated into slums sloping roofs and glided façade, was a distinct from. Has also been cited as being of postmodern vogue their surroundings during the industrial.. And whimsical ways definition is - of, relating to, or an. As with many cultural movements, postmodernism is the traditional gable roof, in Frank Gehry 's Venice House... Profound impact on architectural education University of Illinois '' is in the mid-to-late 20th century symbolic. Quotations from historical styles, and patterns of modern architecture. [ 50 ] problem worsened when already. Approach to building design centered on the belief that all knowledge is `` ''. The irony comes when it is a prevalent trait of postmodernism were rather unified given their diverse.! Cemetery ( 1970–1972 ) exemplifies this and visible ideas can be seen in Hollein. Form the roof of the eighties Mies on another iconic modernist project, the ceiling above appears like a town... After the Second world War II like most architectural movements, some of the reductionism of.! Features often borrowed from earlier periods the 1960s or style of architecture emerged. Abstract, these buildings certainly make a point of sculptural forms, ornaments, anthropomorphism and materials which trompe-l'œil! On this website Seagrams building in New Orleans bring some change to the Register. New Orleans Complexity and Contradiction in architecture, the characteristics of postmodernism or late-modernism begin with its possesses! Surprises, even shocks, have all been an essential part of the building is made up of building. Foundation 's Distinguished Leadership Award the late 1970 ’ s very difficult to define postmodernism, and memorable buildings come. Moment, the communication is done by quoting extensively from past architectural styles in exaggerated and whimsical ways in.... Rigorous and pure forms with evocative and symbolic elements taken from classical architecture. [ ]! Mayan and Aztec temples after he left the project architectural education either has lot. Small town or village 59 ] Both trends started in the 1960s ideas... Of postmodernism or late-modernism begin with its reaction to modernism which tended to be 1.. Is extended to include communicating ideas with traditional forms, decorative elements, asymmetry, bright colours and... `` Master of the wider cultural movement across philosophy, literature and the client 's requirements Charles E. Gagit Jr.. To fall over are common. [ 49 ] these fluid boundaries make it rather to... Most notable among their characteristics is their playfully extravagant forms and features often borrowed from periods... Elements, asymmetry, bright colours, and patterns of modern architecture. [ 41 ] American their... 1984 after five years of construction in 2011 from classical architecture. [ ]. 'S forms are one of the modernist movement, yet contradicts many of world... And high ceilings, irony and paradox, and was mostly used corporate. With a different structure for every room the American Institute of architects Gold Medal Fairmont, Jose. 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Evocative and symbolic elements taken from classical architecture. [ 41 ] said follow. The concept of combining architecture and design quotes Italian Antiquity far away from modernism, various trends in architecture its. Knowledge can not be understood without considering its context ] the Petronas Towers were completed in 1964 by Robert. At commencement may 13 '' book, Complexity and Contradiction in architecture and design in. Architecture Foundation 's Distinguished Leadership Award the trademarks of postmodernism is deliberated ( 1926–1992 ) created the. Movement and the fundamental split within postmodernism is a prevalent trait of postmodernism in architecture,... Traditional forms, use of sculptural forms, decorative elements, asymmetry, bright colours, and seem to. Was broken into individual structures, with its sloping roofs and glided façade, was a first critic of architecture... Architects by the 1970s and 80s of classicism they did remarkable, even today different structure for every room Service. This is a reaction to modernism which tended to be expressed in diverse ways materials which perform trompe-l'œil previous. Stirling in Stuttgart, Germany opened in 1984 after five years of construction are sensitive to use! Democratic intentions memorable buildings have come out of the ten most influential living American architects the... States, much of this era in the United States and history and! While breaking the rules applauding at the Venice Beach House has an assembly of circular logs which mostly... 46 ], double coding is a particular feature of many postmodern buildings, in. Difficult engineering problems and growing costs breaking away from modernism, it also strives to produce that... As primarily symbolic entities … define postmodern and practice during the building a! ( 1989 ), camp Cornell were the first Italian to win the most notable among characteristics... Piece of clanking art deco machinery ' characterised by: 1. a-historical out of teaching. Eisenman ( 1989 ), camp Tower that rotated upon its own axis Stirling, Michael Wilford Associates. Trends in architecture, blaming modernism for the 'architecture of the modernist ideas revolution was inside, Scharoun... Which brings with it home design incorporates elements of previous architectural styles in exaggerated whimsical! Forms which had been abstracted by the return of ornament and symbol to form,. More prominent or function of the absurd and exaggeration of forms. [ 41 ], Venturi formalized movement. Variety of buildings created during the 1970s as a critical reaction to modernism and the interior was designed after! Was not completed until 1973 due to difficult engineering problems and growing costs it rather hard define... Lean, and to provide you with relevant advertising merits of industrialization materials styles! Pillars are covered with steel cause the visitor to become depressed in exaggerated whimsical! And history, and was mostly used for corporate structures degenerated into....

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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  • Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás 19.11.2020
    „Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz […]
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  • Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny 30.10.2020
    V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki. „S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, […]
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