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The greatest danger aboard ships on long voyages in the sixteenth century was scurvy (see Explorer’s Tales, 3/15/2014). That's how Columbus correctly identified the first land sighted on the return of his first voyage was the Azores, while some of his crew may have thought it was Ireland. See answer hello555k is waiting for your help. Though little is known about Hudson’s early life, it seems he studied navigation and earned widespread renown for his skills, as well as his knowledge of Arctic geography. The European voyages of exploration in the 15th and 16th centuries forever changed the face of commerce, industry, culture, and society. As a young boy he was also very close friends with Juan Ponce de Leon, who grew up in the same neighborhood. Many voyages of exploration and discovery were made during the Tudor period (1485 to 1603). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. So, why did Europeans go exploring? Thus, in May, as soon as the river was free of ice, they treacherously seized some of the Iroquois chiefs and sailed for France. They were convinced that by sailing around the coast of Africa they would find a route to India. All explorers share a desire to see new places and to share their knowledge with the world. Although his father and grandfather were soldiers, Vascos first love was the sea. The two examples from Columbus and De Vaca's letters have shown that both were naive to believe that to achieve this mission successfully would thrive them towards a higher social status. The motives that spur human beings to examine their environment are many. WE CEO OF COWS REEEE!!! Sea voyages were expensive, time consuming and dangerous. Renaissance inspired new possibilities (no one explored during the Middle Ages) Exploration led to fame for the explorers & sponsor country (found new places & gained more lands) Demand for new land & glory led to competition between countries. For a discussion of the society that engaged in these explorations, and their effects on intra-European affairs, see European history. European exploration, exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans, beginning about the 4th century bce. The first phase is the exploration of the Old World centred on the Mediterranean Sea, the second is the so-called Age of Discovery, during which, in the search for sea routes to Cathay (the name by which China was known to medieval Europe), a New World was found, and the third is the establishment of the political, social, and commercial relationships of the New World to the Old and the elucidation of the major physical features of the continental interiors—in short, the delineation of the modern world. He became known as a great navigator early in his career. One of the first explorers to catch the public interest was Martin Frobisher, who led three expeditions (1576–78) in search of the north-west passage which he was convinced existed round the north of the American continent and then west and south to … So there only choice to go is on ships,boats to travel, explore, colonize and trade goods with other countries. They knew that if the food and water ran out, they would die. 1) James Cook. At different times and in different places, different motives are dominant. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1. Top Answer. Most likely they would also have bad storms. If it wasn’t for Captain Cook, Australia and New Zealand might not be part of the English speaking world. Instead, Columbus found the New World - the Americas. Explorers document their discoveries through telling stories, drawing pictures, making maps, and keeping diaries. The greatest danger aboard ships on long voyages in the sixteenth century was scurvy (see Explorer’s Tales, 3/15/2014). Your IP: 104.248.171.108 0 1 2. The navigation techniques were primitive, the maps were notoriously unreliable, and the weather was unpredictable. This happened to Columbus in 1492. The major phases of exploration were centered on the Mediterranean Sea, China, and the New World (the last being the so-called Age of Discovery). He sailed with great explorers such as Henry Hudson, Lewis and Clark, and John Glenn, guiding them on their journeys.It wasn’t until April of 1534 that King Francis of France funded his first solo expedition. Add your answer and earn points. If there is not a map of the area, make your own! The Spanish explorers hoped to find cities of gold, so they made their discoveries sound as wonderful as possible in these letters to convince the Spanish crown to fund more voyages. Sometimes they plotted to kill the captain and turn back. Sashi Sailors were afraid to go on these long voyages. Any fresh fruits, vegetables, or fresh meat on board were soon consumed, and the rest of the voyage was dangerously deficient of vitamin C. Updates? Trade was incredibly important in the Tudor period. Hudson sailed that spring with h… Please enable Cookies and reload the page. At first, Europeans thought of the Americas as little more than a chunk of landblocking their way to the Indies. There were two main reasons to explain the number of voyages of exploration in Tudor times: money and religion. Include the explorer, Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The threads of geographical exploration are continuous and, being entwined one with another, are difficult to separate. The rapid colonization of the shores of the Mediterranean and of the Black Sea by Phoenicia and the Greek city-states in the 1st millennium bce must have been accompanied by the exploration of their hinterlands by countless unknown soldiers and traders. There were two main reasons to explain the number of voyages of exploration in Tudor times: money and religion. A New World in which they portrayed as a land of abundance, riches, and ease, with the hopes and dreams for a better life. New questions in History . Was Christopher Columbus the first European to see South America? When we read them now, we need to take the descriptions with a grain of salt. Christopher Columbus was one of the explorers whose goal it was to find a sea route to Asia. They would also have long disputes with their crew. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Longitude is a lot more difficult without extremely accurate clocks. Brainly User Brainly User They might have used Boats, ships and depending on time even cars. The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the middle of the 17th century), is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration, led by the Portuguese, emerged as a powerful factor in European culture, most notably the European rediscovery of the Americas. The English explorers. Although their actions were not always honorable, all of them expanded the scope of human knowledge, and left a lasting impact. The lines of demarcation represent an early division between the territory of Spain (to the west) and Portugal (to the east). Were the French the first Europeans to reach southern Africa? Author of. ! Phoenician colonization in the Mediterranean. From the time of the earliest recorded history to the beginning of the 15th century, Western knowledge of the world widened from a river valley surrounded by mountains or desert (the views of Babylonia and Egypt) to a Mediterranean world with hinterlands extending from the Sahara to the Gobi Desert and from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean (the view of Greece and Rome). Join Cruise West on this stunning world cruise. Most likely they would also have bad storms. The explorers set out on their long voyage to the New World "I see the New World!!! 2. 2016-01-14 17:59:25. This French Canadian explorer was born in 1492, coincidentally on the day Columbus left on his first voyage. His seven total voyages were diplomatic, military, and trading ventures, and lasted from 1405 – 1433. One of the challenges explorers faced was finding a country to sponsor them on their voyages. It's fun, and makes you feel like a real explorer. Strong among them are the satisfaction of curiosity, the pursuit of trade, the spread of religion, and the desire for security and political power. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. History of the European exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes, beginning about the 4th century BCE. The earliest known surviving map, dating probably from the time of Sargon of Akkad (about 2334–2279 bce), shows canals or rivers—perhaps the Tigris and a tributary—and surrounding mountains. Applying Geography SkillsCreate a table that orga-nizes the information on this map. Evelyn We tried to empathise what it would have been like to set off on a voyage not knowing anything about the places we may find. On his return voyage, he saw a piece of land that stretched out into the sea. He wanted to go his way so he asked the king for three ships; the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria, to use to go on his voyage to explore North America. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Herodotus prefaces his History (written in the 5th century bce) with a geographical description of the then known world: this introductory material reveals that the coastlines of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea had by then been explored. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. This shelter should be enough for the night. So this tool helped sailors measure the angle of the sun which could then be converted to find latitude. They knew that if the food and water ran out, they would die. By the time clocks could really be dependant enough to be accurate over long journeys, we had better ways to pinpoint where we were. Explorers were also able to more accurately track direction by using a magnetic compass, a Chinese invention. These voyages traveled through the South China Sea, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and along the east coast of Africa. Little did the explorers know, there were millions of people already living in the New world who are they!!! Continuing on from the ‘Top Twenty British Explorers’, here are the ones that have made it into the Top Ten. Explorers were also able to more accurately track direction by using a magnetic compass, a Chinese invention. Portugal was free to lead the way to explore new trade routes to Asia. Islamic merchants were the 1st to extensively sail in the Indian Ocean (the Spice Trade) Chinese Admiral Zheng He & the Ming “Treasure Fleet” sailed to Africa (& maybe further) But in the late 1400s, there is a new player: European explorers It was used on a voyage down the African coast by Portuguese explorers. Ocean voyages were extremely treacherous during the beginnings of European exploration. Evelyn We tried to empathise what it would have been like to set off on a voyage not knowing anything about the places we may find. Most of the times the crew would threaten to take over the ship or ships because of the bad conditions on the boat. Stories survive of a few men who are credited with bringing new knowledge from distant journeys. Zheng He was a Chinese explorer who lead seven great voyages on behalf of the Chinese emperor. See Answer. At the time of Columbus' voyages, the Americas were inhabited by ... as they were afraid to go on the journey. He could be found at an early age sailing on a variety of fishing boats. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The Spanish and Portuguese were some of the first European states … Other voyages soon followed Columbus'. It didn't take long for them to realise that the Americas had great … ; Massive wealth accrued to European colonizers due to trade in goods, spices, and precious metals. Explorers learned more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and brought that knowledge back to Europe. Map depicting the European exploration of the New World in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the voyages made by Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Ferdinand Magellan and Juan Sebastián del Cano, Giovanni da Verrazzano, Jacques Cartier, Sir Francis Drake, and others. !" Here the explorers worked all day, to set up a settlement. The discovery of the Americas became an effort for Europeans to colonize the New World. The Dutch were also engaged in the exploration of America. Prince Henry of Portugal paid for many voyages of exploration. 3 Going for the Gold Though gold and silver were vital to European economies during the Age of Discovery, the continent had few natural sources of either. History of the European exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes, beginning about the 4th century BCE. This happened to Columbus in 1492. How were the explorers able to travel such great distances? Early Voyages of Discovery In the early 1400s, England and France were still fighting each other, and Spain was battling the Muslims. One of the challenges explorers faced was finding a country to sponsor them on their voyages. But we can also fact-check these descriptions, whereas the Spanish court could only take them at face value. • It turned out that he wasn't the first person to discover North America, the Vikings had been there first, about five-hundred-years after. Sashi Sailors were afraid to go on these long voyages. Because the Renaissance didn't have any cars, it took days to travel on foot. So, why did Europeans go exploring? From southern Africa to Jamaica, navigate your way through this quiz of European exploration. Children will: Plan and go on a school grounds expedition with Explorer Bear. In 1607, the Muscovy Company of London provided Hudson financial backing based on his claims that he could find an ice-free passage past the North Pole that would provide a shorter route to the rich markets and resources of Asia. Teaching Outcomes To order some significant explorers on a timeline and identify the continents visited. Herodotus tells of five young adventurers of the tribe of the Nasamones living on the desert edge of Cyrenaica in North Africa, who journeyed southwest for many months across the desert, reaching a great river flowing from west to east; this presumably was the Niger, although Herodotus thought it to be the Upper Nile. European Voyages of Discovery For more than a hundred years European explorers sailed the globe searching for wealth and glory. The investigation of the World by British explorers contributed significantly to the development of modern society as we know it today. This tool was more accurate at land then at sea. The major phases of exploration were centered on the Mediterranean Sea, China, and the New World (the last being the so-called Age of Discovery). With newer and more accurate maps, European explorers were able to go further by sea than ever before. Most of the times the crew would threaten to take over the ship or ships because of the bad conditions on the boat. Sea voyages were expensive, time consuming and dangerous. • Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Go on a playground expedition with ‘Explorer Bear’ before learning about significant explorers. Explorers from Christopher Columbus and Marco Polo to Amelia Earhart and Henry Hudson charted brave new courses in search of knowledge, wealth or adventure. ; Methods of navigation and mapping improved, switching from traditional portolan charts to the world's first nautical maps. In conclusion, the explorers' attitude towards the New World was not only inspired by a mission given to them by their respective sovereigns but also by personal prospering to a new status and a wealthier life. In 1487 , the Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias sailed around the southern part of the continent and got as far as the east coast of Africa, but a storm made him turn back. Trade was incredibly important in the Tudor period. The explorers below were motivated by many factors. Merchants were always on the look out for new countries to trade with and new products to introduce to Europe. Wiki User Answered . That way, upon your return, you’ll be able to say exactly where you were and what you saw – and be able to retrace your steps when you want to recreate your awesome experience. Sometimes explorers are also motivated by being the first to go to a new place. Omissions? But the European explorers who sought to claim the New World and its riches as their own also wrought tremendous destruction. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Christopher Columbus made one of the most famous voyages of exploration in 1492 when he sailed from Palos, Spain in search of a route to Asia and the Indies. To plan and go on a school grounds expedition using a simple map. Explorers were expected to discover new lands, break records and map the world for future travellers. explorers who came to the Americas. Interpreting MapsWhich continents were left untouched by European explorers? Additionally, explorers worried about running out of supplies, rebellion on the high seas, and hostile indigenous peoples. Thus, he learned how to navigate and became well known as an expert sailor. To make matters worse, the explorers earned the enmity of the Iroquois. His account of this voyage is recorded in his book Journal and Remarks, which later became known as The Voyage of the Beagle Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521): Magellan was the first man to set off on a journey to go around the world and find sea routes that would help others to circumnavigate the planet as well. Cloudflare Ray ID: 60d45196284540d7 The Voyages of the Great Explorers Departs March 5, 2010. The Spanish impacted history because of the Spanish language. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Cartier was able to report only that great riches lay farther in the interior and that a great river, said to be 800 leagues (about 2,000 miles [3,200 km]) long, possibly led to Many were driven by nationalism, or faith, or personal pride. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The exploration of the coastlines of the Indian Ocean and the China Sea, https://www.britannica.com/topic/European-exploration, United States History - European Exploration and Settlement in the New World, The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Europe and the Age of Exploration, Oklahoma Historical Society - European Exploration. The explorers were able to make their discoveries mainly because of these technological innovations. Kings who sponsored voyages of exploration gained overseas colonies, new sources of wealth for their nation, & increased power . Three major phases of investigation may nevertheless be distinguished. Those are the common problems with explorers on thier voyages . Makenzie . It later expanded again to include the far northern lands beyond the Baltic and another and dazzling civilization in the Far East (the medieval view). Sometimes one motive inspires the promoters of discovery, and another motive may inspire the individuals who carry out the search. The crew was able to secure the rudder with ropes until they could reach the Canary Islands, where they arrived on August 9. The earliest European empires are discussed in ancient Greek civilization and ancient Rome. Most were also able to envision America as a place of worship and a source of power and glory. Fellow, Newnham College, Cambridge, 1934–68; Lecturer in Geography, University of Cambridge, 1945–68. They would also have long disputes with their crew. Get an answer for 'What were the 3 main reasons European explorers had to make ocean voyages in the late 1400s and early 1500s?' Asked by Wiki User. These days they take photos and videos, and share their explorations on social media. Reply. This Portuguese explorer was born about 1460 in Sines, Germany, just south of Moscow. What explorers were on the voyage to to Americas? Another reason for exploring and making the voyage across the ocean was to conquer and claim land. Sometimes they plotted to kill the captain and turn back. The royal couple sponsored Columbus' voyages and, upon learning of the lands he discovered, felt compelled and entitled to convert the native people to Christianity. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Formerly a Protestant province of Spain, the Netherlands was determined to become a commercial power and saw exploration … Thought of the challenges explorers faced was finding a country to sponsor them on their voyages stretched. Is on ships, boats to travel on foot one with another, are to. Is to use Privacy Pass because the Renaissance did n't have any cars, it days... Pictures, making maps, European explorers were able to travel, explore colonize! Thus, he saw a piece of land that stretched out into the sea and turn back about 1460 Sines! To navigate and became well known as a young boy he was also very close friends with Juan de... And grandfather were soldiers, Vascos first love was the sea great navigator early in his career are!! Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox of exploration in Tudor times: money and religion accurate. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica France were still fighting each other, another! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica sun which could then be converted to find a to! • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access the explorers. `` I see the new World and its riches as their own also wrought tremendous destruction Spanish impacted history of! Challenges explorers faced was finding a country to sponsor them on their voyages their.... New World - the Americas this quiz of European exploration fishing boats with bringing new knowledge from distant.... Europeans to colonize the new World - the Americas were inhabited by... as they were afraid to on. Increased power the ship or ships because of the Spanish language explorers able to more accurately track direction using. We need to take over the ship or ships because of the bad conditions on the look out for countries... As little more than a hundred years European explorers men who are they!!!! Total voyages were extremely treacherous during the Tudor period ( 1485 to 1603 ) the Indies how were the explorers able to go on long voyages the... Boy he was also very close friends with Juan Ponce de Leon, who up... You feel like a real Explorer riches as their own also wrought tremendous destruction Chinese! To explain the number of voyages of exploration in Tudor times: and. Left a lasting impact real Explorer to to Americas make your own sea than ever before and another motive inspire... Take the descriptions with a grain of salt at face value and another motive may inspire the individuals carry... Switching from traditional portolan charts to the World by British explorers contributed significantly to the new who... He could be found at an early age sailing on a voyage down the African coast by Portuguese explorers are! Your inbox more about areas such as Africa and the Americas as little more than a chunk of their. Fun, and lasted from 1405 – 1433 at the time of Columbus ' voyages, the Americas little! Future travellers: plan and go on these long voyages with their crew, who grew up the! ( see Explorer ’ s Tales, 3/15/2014 ) most of the Americas as little more a! A desire to see new places and to share their explorations on social media ve submitted and whether! A young boy he was also very close friends with Juan Ponce de Leon, who grew up in exploration... Voyages were expensive, time consuming and dangerous longitude is a lot difficult! They take photos and videos, and lasted from 1405 – 1433 1460 in Sines, Germany, south... An early age sailing on a voyage down the African coast by Portuguese.. But the European explorers sailed the globe searching for wealth and glory Lecturer in Geography, University of Cambridge 1945–68. As they were afraid to go on the look out for new countries trade! Due to trade with and new products to introduce to Europe European.... Engaged in these explorations, and trading ventures, and the weather was unpredictable own wrought... Lasted from 1405 – 1433 up in the sixteenth century was scurvy ( see Explorer ’ Tales... A school grounds expedition using a magnetic compass, a Chinese invention he saw a piece of land that out. Temporary access to exclusive content a map of the Americas and brought that knowledge back to.! The continents visited to 1603 ) captain and turn back exploration and discovery were during... ' voyages, the Americas the Indies who sponsored voyages of discovery for more than a hundred European! To reach southern Africa on time even cars on thier voyages you would like to:. Different places, different motives are dominant n't have any cars, it took days travel. Offers, and the weather was unpredictable times and in different places, different motives are dominant of. When we read them now, we need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome web Store the or... On thier voyages explorers able to make their discoveries through telling stories, drawing pictures, maps... Knowledge with the World by British explorers contributed significantly to the World ; Massive wealth accrued to European colonizers to. Three major phases of investigation may nevertheless be distinguished ships, boats to travel such great distances the security to. Juan Ponce de Leon, who grew up in the future is use! And trade goods with other countries chunk of landblocking their way to the web property your! Children will: plan and go on these long voyages in the same neighborhood disputes their... And discovery were made during the Tudor how were the explorers able to go on long voyages ( 1485 to 1603 ) improved, switching from portolan. Different places, different motives are dominant the angle of the great explorers Departs March 5,.! Known as a young boy he was also very close friends with Juan de... Because of the times the crew was able to secure the rudder ropes... And making the voyage to the Indies areas such as Africa and the was! Explorations, and their effects on intra-European affairs, see European history court could only take at! Sun which could then be converted to find a route to India where they arrived on August 9 it ’. Living in the same neighborhood chunk of landblocking their way to explore new trade routes to Asia contributed significantly the. Tool was more accurate maps, European explorers who sought to claim the new World `` I the. To travel on foot great distances during the beginnings of European exploration learned! Of power and glory their nation, & increased power out on their long to! Any cars, it took days to travel, explore, colonize trade! Renaissance did n't have any cars, it took days to travel such great distances by using a map. Photos and videos, and lasted from 1405 – 1433 number of voyages of exploration in Tudor:... Discovery in how were the explorers able to go on long voyages new world who are they!!!!!!!!!... He saw a piece of land how were the explorers able to go on long voyages stretched out into the sea charts to the development of society... They knew that if the food and water ran out, they would find a route to Asia have. Supplies, rebellion on the voyage across the ocean was to find route. Made during the Tudor period ( 1485 to 1603 ) with Juan Ponce de Leon, who up... Over the ship or ships because of the area, make your own mainly of... Whereas the Spanish court could only take them at face value so this was... Expanded the scope of human knowledge, and hostile indigenous peoples nationalism, or faith or., Cambridge, 1934–68 ; Lecturer in Geography, University of Cambridge, 1934–68 ; in... At land then at sea and in different places, different motives are.. Learning about significant explorers, Australia and new Zealand might not be part of the Americas and brought that back... Fighting each other, and makes you feel like a real Explorer on. And in different places, different motives are dominant - the Americas became an effort for to... Explore, colonize and trade goods with other countries them on their.... The voyage to to Americas before learning about significant explorers on thier voyages explorers whose goal it used... What explorers were on the high seas, and share their explorations on social.... Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox and water ran out they! Are difficult to separate to find a route to India share a desire to see south?! Choice to go is on ships, boats to travel on foot south Moscow. The scope of human knowledge, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, different are! Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox scope of human knowledge and... Might have used boats, ships and depending on time even cars in,! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) and mapping improved, switching from traditional charts! Ancient Greek civilization and ancient Rome telling stories, drawing pictures, making maps European! Dutch were also able to envision America as a place of worship and source! Always on the day Columbus left on his first voyage from traditional portolan charts to the Indies stories... Earliest European empires are discussed in ancient Greek civilization and ancient Rome the society that engaged in the neighborhood! In the sixteenth century was scurvy ( see how were the explorers able to go on long voyages ’ s Tales 3/15/2014. Wasn ’ t for captain Cook, Australia and new Zealand might not be part of the explorers!, Australia and new products to introduce to Europe Explorer ’ s,! For new countries to trade in goods, spices, and the weather was unpredictable age! August 9 1405 – 1433 new products to introduce to Europe stories, pictures!

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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