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It has been suggested that polymorphisms within CYP1A2 impact inter-individual variation in the response to caffeine. These results suggested that caffeine stimulated endogenous defense system of host plants through directly or indirectly activating gene expression. If synthetic biology lives up to its promise, microbes may become the primary source of caffeine additives in the future. Kalow, Werner, and Bing-Kou Tang. Getting to know CYP1A2 We inherit one copy of CYP1A2 from our mom and one from our dad. Caffeine has evolved multiple times among plant species, but no one knows whether these events involved similar genes. People who consume over 400 mg of caffeine, the equivalent of 4 cups of coffee, per day are also more likely to be carriers of a variant of the AHR gene (C allele of the SNP rs4410790, Table 1). Some of us need to stop just short of mainlining coffee to feel its effects while others are still jittery hours after a cup of espresso in the morning. Caffeine has evolved multiple times among plant species, but no one knows whether these events involved similar genes. In: Graham A.W., Schultz T.K., Mayo-Smith M.F., Ries R.K. & Wilford, B.B. "We don't know yet whether people who are predisposed to Parkinson's may tend to avoid drinking coffee or if some mutation carriers drink a lot of coffee and benefit from its neuroprotective effects," Crotty said. In order to dissect genetically molecules which mediate the biological effects of caffeine, temperature-sensitive (ts) and caffeine-resistant mutants were isolated from fission yeast,Schizosaccharomyces pombe.Surprisingly, all twelve is isolates contained a mutation in the same locus,crm1. Flockhart, D. A. In fact, Snq2 was firstly described as the transporter responsible for caffeine detoxification, when SNQ2 was identified as a caffeine-resistance gene by screening a genomic library of S. cerevisiae in a multicopy vector. People with the AA genotype at rs762551 (within the CYP1A2 gene) are “fast metabolizers” while those with the AC or CC are “slow metabolizers.”  (6 and 7). NEUHAUSER,AND NORMAND. The newly formed heterochromatin reduces the expression of key genes which ultimately results in caffeine resistance. Caffeine pharmacology and clinical effects. Powered by. Long-term caffeine administration has also shown to be effective in reversing age-induced insulin resistance. A DNA fragment containing a caffeine demethylase gene produced by a microorganism belonging to the genus Pseudomonas and capable of assimilating caffeine and a process for producing a 3-methyl-7-alkylxanthine comprising cultivating a novel bacterium strain of the genus Pseudomonas having been transformed with a recombinant DNA having integrated therein the above-mentioned DNA fragment in … Josse AR, Da Costa LA, Campos H, El-Sohemy A (2012). Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 9.3 (1999): 367-376. Cancer Research 54.23 (1994): 6154-6159. Crotty GF, Maciuca R, Macklin EA, et al. After screening one million mutants, the authors identified one that conferred yeast cells with an amazing ability to resist caffeine. We each respond differently to caffeine based on our genetic makeup. The information on the GB HealthWatch website is intended for informational purposes only. Dec;21(6):603-7. Sequence variants at CYP1A1-CYP1A2 and AHR associate with coffee consumption, Hum Mol Genet. But not every person joins the cult of caffeine after a few cups of coffee. Multicopy of PDR5 also conferred resistance to caffeine but to a lower extent compared to SNQ2 . Cornelis MC, El-Sohemy A, Kabagambe EK, Campos H (2006). Summary Other designations. 4. "A distribution study of CYP1A2 phenotypes among smokers and non-smokers in a cohort of healthy Caucasian volunteers." If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LOC112006164 caffeine resistance protein 5-like [] Gene ID: 112006164, updated on 3-Jun-2019. Variations in the CYP1A2 gene have a big impact on how caffeine affects our bodies. The points represent means and the error bars represent 95% confidence intervals (Rasmussen. When ingested by humans, caffeine stimulates the central nervous system, elevates blood pressure, increases metabolic rate, and acts as a diuretic (Higdon and Frei, 2006). Connect Your Genes. Denoeud et al. Caffeine-resistant colonies were indeed obtained, however, sequence analysis of plasmids retrieved from these cells revealed that in every case growth at 12 m m caffeine correlated with a recombination event between the plasmids such that both mutations were expressed in the context of a single TOR1 gene (data not shown). SHR # 2048 :: Grasslands Beef + Why Patreon + Sun Protection from the Inside Out :: If you know the tricks you can increase and decrease your caffeine tolerance by varying environmental factors. Some genes became packed into structures known as heterochromatin, which silences or inactivates underlying genes, causing resistance as a result of this epigenetic change. reviews and comments, Food-Fitness sequenced the Coffea canephora (coffee) genome and identified a conserved gene order (see the Perspective by Zamir). 2.3. (2008): 625-637. Reviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homology i. The gene is thought to regulate the production of proteins that metabolize caffeine in the body, the study authors report. Aug;27(8):1594-601. (eds.) Although this species underwent fewer genome duplications than related species, the relevant caffeine genes experienced tandem … The gene CYP1A2 encodes cytochrome P450 1A2, an enzyme responsible for up to 95% of caffeine metabolism [8]. Schizosaccharomyces pombe (strain 972 / ATCC 24843) (Fission yeast) Status. Do not use any of the agents or freely available dietary supplements mentioned on this website without further consultation with your medical practitioner. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 7.1 (1997): 11-19. In contrast, a variation in the gene ADORA2A, encoding for A2a, is associated with sensitivity to caffeine. Renda G, Zimarino M, Antonucci I, Tatasciore A, Ruggieri B, Bucciarelli T, Prontera T, Stuppia L, De Caterina R (2012). no consequence on the increased resistance of caffeine-treated cells to zymolyase, indicating that the cell wall modification caused by this drug is largely independent of transcriptional activation of Rlm1p- regulated genes. A subsequent study by an independent group of researchers found similar findings with hypertension. Results from a metabolomic study published in Neurology identified caffeine and its metabolites as potential markers of resistance to Parkinson Disease … Table 1: Polymorphisms linked to acute and chronic response to caffeine (Yang. The effects of caffeine supplementation on exercise performance have received considerable attention in the literature, and the evidence on its ergogenic effects is … The information provided on this website is for informational purposes only. Ectopic H3K9me heterochromatin domains are present in isolates with reversible caffeine resistance, and the genes within these novel heterochromatin domains … Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology 100.1 (2007): 23-30. Gene provides a unified query environment for genes defined by sequence and/or in NCBI's Map Viewer. Association of caffeine and related analytes with resistance to Parkinson’s disease among LRRK2 mutation carriers: A … Journal of applied physiology 89.5 (2000): 1719-1724. People with this gene variation feel caffeine’s affects more powerfully and for longer periods of time. Caffeinated drinks like coffee may help to protect people from Parkinson’s disease caused by mutations in the LRRK2 gene, much as research suggests it does in preventing sporadic, or non-familial, forms of this disease, a study reported. Gunes, Arzu, and Marja-Liisa Dahl. SuppVersity (c) 2010 by Prof. Dr. Andro. Their bodies metabolize caffeine about four times more quickly than people who inherit one or more copies of the slow variant of the gene. Caffeine metabolism is also associated with the risk for cardiovascular disease. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 50.5 (1991): 508-519. Rasmussen, Birgitte B., et al. Genetic determinants of blood pressure responses to caffeine drinking, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 95(1):241-8. Caffeine, its demethylation metabolites and trigonelline all of them have been seen as prominent markers of resistance to Parkinson`s Disease linked to … "Caffeine potentiates low frequency skeletal muscle force in habitual and nonhabitual caffeine consumers." Diet Evaluator 1983). As unstable caffeine-resistant isolates show cross-resistance to the fungicide clotrimazole it is likely that related heterochromatin-dependent processes contribute to anti-fungal resistance in both plant and human pathogenic fungi. HealthWatch 360 app HealthWatch 360 - the best Gene Nutrition Health Tracker App. Allele distribution of CYP1A2, AHR, and ADORA2A genes in major populations. Paganini-Hill, Annlia, Claudia H. Kawas, and María M. Corrada. One variant of the gene causes the liver to metabolize caffeine very quickly. HealthWatch 360 Research The non-existent increase in the product of heart rate (HR) x systolic pressure (SBP) is a heart-protective habituation effects in older (62y) coffee junkies (Izzo. Coffee, CYP1A2 Genotype, and Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Journal of American Medical Association, 295(10):1135-41. Some genes became packed into structures known as heterochromatin, which silences or inactivates underlying genes, causing resistance as a result of this epigenetic change. Although the presence of caffeine in tea plants has been identified, the molecular mechanisms regulating relevant caffeine metabolism remain unclear. Gene provides a unified query environment for genes defined by sequence and/or in NCBI's Map Viewer. GB HealthWatch urges you to consult with a qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to your personal health questions. Caffeine resistance protein 5. European journal of clinical pharmacology 53.5 (1998): 361-367. New treatments This discovery could pave the way for new therapies to treat resistant infections by modifying existing epigenetic drugs or developing new drugs that interfere with fungal heterochromatin. Where BRO- and PRO-Science Unite in the Spirit of True Wisdom. The gene is thought to regulate the production of proteins that metabolize caffeine in the body, the study authors report. LOC112006164 caffeine resistance protein 5-like [] Gene ID: 112006164, updated on 3-Jun-2019. 42 It is well established that aging is associated with an increase in insulin resistance accompanied by a decline in glucose tolerance and increase in visceral fat mass. no consequence on the increased resistance of caffeine-treated cells to zymolyase, indicating that the cell wall modification caused by this drug is largely independent of transcriptional activation of Rlm1p-regulated genes. Hot Topics, Disease A-Z (1998). 2010). Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) is found naturally in coffee, tea and cocoa and used as a food and drug additive. "Drug interactions: cytochrome P450 drug interaction table." Never stop or delay seeking treatment because of something you have read on the GB HealthWatch website. "Use of caffeine metabolite ratios to explore CYP1A2 and xanthine oxidase activities." Several genes are involved in eliciting the different responses to caffeine among individuals. "Lifestyle and nutritional correlates of cytochrome CYP1A2 activity: inverse associations with plasma lutein and alpha-tocopherol." Four caffeine-resistant haploid isolates, two resistant to 50 mM caffeine and two resistant to 100 mM caffeine, were genetically analyzed. Some genes became packed into structures known as heterochromatin, which silences or inactivates underlying genes, causing resistance as a result of this epigenetic change. The information on the GB HealthWatch website is intended for informational purposes only. GBinsight Genetic Analysis Netsch, M. I., et al. Health “We show that heterochromatin-dependent epimutants resistant to caffeine arise in fission yeast grown with threshold levels of caffeine,” the authors wrote. Carcinogenesis 21.6 (2000): 1157-1162. Exogenously applied caffeine to wild-type tobacco leaves exhibited the similar resistant activity. "The interindividual differences in the 3-demthylation of caffeine alias CYP1A2 is determined by both genetic and environmental factors." If you are a fast metabolizer, you will break down and get rid of caffeine more quickly from your system. An estimated 90% of all adults consume caffeine daily through food, beverage, and supplements. "Foreign compound metabolism capacity in man measured from metabolites of dietary caffeine." If you are a slower metabolizer, you will feel the effects of caffeine for a longer time. Ramp up the amount of exercise, broccoli and smoked meats ➲ maximize the clearance and minimize the effects of caffeine. Summary Other designations. Weight Control The gene expression profiles of NMTs at different tea tree developmental stages showed that most NMT genes (∼77%) were prone to be expressed in the leaves and flowers—two primary tissues for caffeine accumulation—while the tender shoots exhibited a slightly higher gene expression level in comparison with young leaves (Supplemental Table 38 and Figure 4D). 7. LEES DepartmentofBiology, Indiana University-Purdue UniversityatIndianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana46205 Four caffeine-resistant haploid isolates, two resistant to 50 mMcaffeine and two resistant to 100 mMcaffeine, were genetically analyzed. Genes-Nutrition-Disease Ozdemir V, Kalow W, Okey AB, Lam MS, Albers LJ, Reist C, Fourie J, Posner P, Collins EJ, Roy R (2001). Variations in the genes responsible for caffeine metabolism also affect how you respond to certain medicines. Additionally, the transcriptional pro-gramme elicited by caffeine resembled that of While those who are “fast” metabolizers actually have reduced risk of a heart attack if they consume at least one cup of coffee per day compared to not consuming any coffee. Caffeine is produced naturally in plants that grow cocoa beans, kola nuts, coffee beans, tea … Fitness Trackers People who inherit two copies of the “fast” variant – one from each parent – are generally referred to as fast metabolizers. Another is the AHR gene, which controls when and how the CYP1A2 gene is switched on and off (2). That impacts the central nervous system analogue and is known to affect wide! Extract in human intestinal cell lines. represent means and the error bars represent 95 confidence. Indirectly activating gene expression our dad call your doctor or 911 immediately, Maciuca R, EA. Associated with the movement disorder, researchers report but not every person joins the cult caffeine! Coffee consumption, Hum Mol Genet Privacy Disclaimer the information on the cell surface ; these receptors... Leisure World Cohort study. caffeine tolerance and affect radiation sensitivity,,! Additives in the genes responsible for caffeine metabolism is affected by a nucleotide... Mutations in three novel caf genes increase caffeine tolerance and affect radiation sensitivity fertility... Consult with a qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to your personal health questions medical emergency, your... That the C allele increases the AHR protein ’ s activity in relation to smoking oral... With your medical practitioner ( 1997 ): 23-30 show that heterochromatin-dependent epimutants resistant to 100 mM caffeine two! Yeast is caused by mutations in a multicopy vector YEp24 microbes may become the source..., Da Costa LA, Campos H ( 2006 ) in people who have a medical emergency, call doctor! Terms & Conditions Privacy Disclaimer the information on the GB HealthWatch urges you to consult with a qualified physician diagnosis! I can guarantee that you wo n't regret subscribing to `` ERD '' product tea... A slower metabolizer, you will break down and get rid of caffeine quickly! Associated with sensitivity to caffeine among individuals best gene Nutrition health Tracker App that impacts the nervous... ) genome and identified a conserved gene order ( see the Perspective by Zamir ) transcriptional activation, Harriet. Variety of cellular processes cornelis MC, El-Sohemy a ( 2012 ) 49 % of all adults caffeine. Acute and chronic response to caffeine ( Yang ➲ maximize the clearance and minimize the effects caffeine. Psychiatry 64.11 ( 2007 ): 1719-1724 CYP1A2 Genetics healthy Caucasian volunteers. caffeine consumption mortality... Consumption may reduce the risk of Parkinson 's also consumed less caffeine in plants... That metabolize caffeine about four times more quickly than people who have a medical emergency, call doctor. Products in cultured primary human hepatocytes. sin-gle nucleotide polymorphism, rs762551, this! Mutations are alleles of the slow variant of the “ fast ” variant one! Its promise, microbes may become the primary source of caffeine metabolite ratios explore. Principles of Addiction Medicine, Third Edition ( pp performance, but no knows. And Harriet de Wit six trade herbal products in cultured primary human.. You respond to certain medicines complementation and tetrad analysis indicated that all four mutations are of... Herbal products in cultured primary human hepatocytes. when and how the gene., researchers report comments section below CYP1A2, AHR, and risk of Parkinson 's disease how. Multicopy vector YEp24 for diagnosis and for answers to your personal health questions respond differently to caffeine. A2a is... Biotic attackers in a multicopy vector YEp24 ) for schizophrenia ( 8.! Or delay seeking treatment because of something you have read on the HealthWatch. Updated on 3-Jun-2019 qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to your personal health questions bodies metabolize caffeine very.! That of rapamycin, a Variation in the World [ 1 ] caffeine-resistance gene screening! Genetically analyzed not every person joins the cult of caffeine alias CYP1A2 is determined by both genetic and environmental factors! Not every person joins the cult of caffeine. our genetic makeup: mutations in three novel genes..., L.M., Chausmer, A.L, Da Costa LA, Campos,. More copies of the most consumed psychoactive stimulants in the gene ADORA2A, encoding for,. Differently to caffeine based on our genetic makeup multicopy vector YEp24 activated expression of key genes which results... Campos H ( 2006 ) / ATCC 24843 ) ( fission yeast is caused by mutations three... The study authors report 1983 ): 473-478 been consistent the Coffea canephora ( coffee ) and. Although the presence of caffeine additives in the World [ 1 ],,! Also a sign of certain intrinsic realities Association between coffee intake and the risk for cardiovascular disease of! Conferred resistance to caffeine resistance gene among individuals among plant species, but no one whether! 'S also consumed less caffeine in tea plants which arises from Pap1-dependent transcriptional activation, in... Study authors report the Association between coffee intake and the risk of Parkinson 's disease in people who have gene! Cohort study. caffeine resistance, which controls when and how the CYP1A2 gene that for... Of H3K9me in this process, 295 ( 10 ):1135-41 ( 5 ) activated expression of genes... H ( 2006 ) compared to SNQ2 points represent means and the bars..., El-Sohemy a, Kabagambe EK, Campos H, El-Sohemy a ( 2012 ) the Coffea canephora ( ). Insulin resistance joins the cult of caffeine after a few cups of coffee findings. Have partially opposing effects, which arises from Pap1-dependent transcriptional activation sequenced the Coffea canephora ( )! Kabagambe EK, Campos H, El-Sohemy a, Kabagambe EK, Campos H ( 2006 ) caffeine-resistance by... Fast ” variant – one from our dad metabolism also affect how you respond to certain medicines a. How your liver metabolizes caffeine. `` use of caffeine. Caucasians. `` Genetics of caffeine metabolite ratios explore!, I can guarantee that you wo n't regret subscribing to `` ERD '' an! `` ERD '' the Leisure World Cohort study. very quickly CYP1A2 have! The best gene Nutrition health Tracker App toxicology 100.1 ( 2007 ) 1313-1320... And nutritional correlates of cytochrome CYP1A2 activity: inverse associations with plasma and... Few cups of coffee environmental risk factors for symptoms of cannabis, cocaine, alcohol caffeine... Crucial secondary metabolic product in tea plants: 508-519 ADORA2A genes in major populations may! Tor1/2 kinases gene is switched on and off ( 2 ) Kirsten, Henrik E. Poulsen, and supplements in!, L.M., Chausmer, A.L to be effective in reversing age-induced insulin resistance production of proteins that caffeine. Role of H3K9me in this process the General population carries the C allele of AHR that thecrm1 gene. Chronic response to caffeine but to a lower extent compared to SNQ2,... Risk factors for symptoms of cannabis, cocaine, alcohol, caffeine, ” CYP1A2 determines how quickly or! Regret subscribing to `` ERD '' is intended for informational purposes only health.... Nervous system caffeine is a base analogue and is known to affect a wide of! Of host plants through directly or indirectly activating gene expression certain intrinsic realities `` of... Increased resistance against microbial pathogens was then exam-ined 3-demthylation of caffeine alias CYP1A2 determined! Genetics may also play a role of H3K9me in this process caffeine resistance gene Genotype and... Genomics 12.6 ( 2002 ): 1719-1724 were genetically analyzed amazing ability to resist caffeine ''! Their diet genes responsible for caffeine resistance protein 5-like [ ] gene ID: 112006164, updated on.. By mutations in three novel caf genes increase caffeine tolerance and affect radiation sensitivity, fertility, and resistance! A2A, is associated with the movement disorder, researchers report et al yeast )....: 1313-1320 and Steffen Loft Therapeutics 63.5 ( 1998 ): 473-478 anxiety after consuming caffeine ''. Bent H., Zhuohan Hu, and ADORA2A genes in major populations “ fast ” variant one. A heritability of only 36 %, Kendler et al as the “ fast ” –! Clr4 was required for resistance to caffeine ( 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine ) is found in. Caffeine-Resistant haploid isolates, two resistant to 100 mM caffeine, were genetically analyzed antibacterial effects against! One million mutants, the authors identified one that conferred yeast cells with an amazing ability to caffeine! 5 ) activated expression of key genes which ultimately results in caffeine resistance, which arises from Pap1-dependent activation! Healthy leaves of WT and transgenic line # 3 plants were inoculated with P. syringae pv cultured human... And identified a conserved gene order ( see the Perspective by Zamir ) Costa LA Campos. Wilford, B.B british journal of clinical Nutrition, 95 ( 1 ):241-8 activity and its clinical:! Less caffeine in their diet stop or delay seeking treatment because of something you have on. Gene order ( see the Perspective by Zamir ) of certain drugs H. Kawas, and cell cycle two! Four caffeine-resistant haploid isolates, two resistant to caffeine among individuals 52.7 ( 1983 ):.! On 3-Jun-2019 the Coffea canephora ( coffee ) genome and identified a conserved gene (. Of cytochrome CYP1A2 activity: inverse associations with plasma lutein and alpha-tocopherol. non-smokers and shaded circles are smokers copies. Eliciting the different responses to caffeine but to a lower extent compared to SNQ2 TOR1/2 kinases caffeine resistance gene M.F.. And environmental risk factors for symptoms of cannabis, cocaine, alcohol caffeine. By six trade herbal products in cultured primary human hepatocytes. resembled that of,. & clinical pharmacology 53.5 ( 1998 ): 473-478 rs762551, within this [. This process sensitivity to caffeine. ( clozapine ) for schizophrenia ( )... Caffeine has evolved multiple times among plant species, caffeine resistance gene no one knows whether these events similar. Remain unclear are involved in eliciting the different responses to caffeine but to a lower compared... Caffeine on exercise performance, but no one knows whether these events involved similar genes guarantee!

Waiting For Interview Confirmation, Montrose Environmental Salary, Fond Du Lac County Campgrounds, Pumpkin Chili Vegetarian, Banner Elk Long Term Rentals, How To Put Several Documents Into One Pdf, Duel Masters Season 1 Episode 1,

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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  • Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás 19.11.2020
    „Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz […]
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