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This site uses cookies. 1. The multi zone unit supplies air to several zones from a centrally located air-handling unit. All layouts are based off of the calculations contained in the HVAC Component Sizing page on this site. Air handler- HVAC plan | Ventilation system layout | Ahu Room Layout, Ventilation system layout | Mechanical Layout Of Ahu In Plans, HVAC equipment - Vector stencils library | Ahu Diagram Symbols, Central Air Conditioning Layout And Duct System In Floor Ahu. Air handler or air handling unit (AHU) is one of the most essential and major parts of an air conditioning system. Air Handling Unit (AHU): a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system. But the main issue is to allow air to circulate freely and facilitates installation in closed ducts. The cool and conditioned air is supplied to desired locations from the AHU by the supply air duct, while the hot air from the room is again returned back to the air handling unit through return air duct. Linear slot diffusers are mounted on the sidewalls of the conditioned room. A dual-duct system can distribute both hot and cold air by using a single fan to move air through both cooling and heating coils in the air handler. We provide controls, valves, dampers actuators, sensors and cloud services to make the perfect solution according to your needs. Roll Filter is used for high velocity filtration where the used part is rolled up automatically or manually. But, in case of the blow through arrangement the fan absorbs the return air and blows it over the air filter and the cooling coil. Air handlers typically connect to a ductwork ventilation system that distributes the conditioned air throughout the building and returns it back to the unit. Wiring Diagram Pictures Detail: Name: armstrong air handler wiring diagram – Ducane Ac Wiring Diagram New Ducane Furnace Wiring Diagram Further Basic Hvac Wiring Diagrams; File Type: JPG; Source: noodesign.net; Size: 1.00 MB; Dimension: 5000 x 3704; Variety of armstrong air handler wiring diagram. Ahu Panel Wiring Diagram Safety Circuit Examples Of Safety Components Technical Guide. Bijan Kumar Mandal, Click on the image to enlarge, and then save it to your computer by right clicking on the image. In a VAV system one supply duct distributes supply air at a constant temperature. Air Handler Components The filter section. Tags: Related Posts of "Ahu Panel Wiring Diagram" Home theater Wiring Diagram … We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. A schematic diagram of a typical air handling unit is shown in Fig. Individual zone requirements are met by mixing cold and warm air through dampers in the air handler. Air Handling Units. However, this system includes a fan for return air. The supply air can be distributed by separate duct to the desired locations depending on the zone requirements. Ahu Panel Wiring Diagram Air Handling Unit Ahu Controller Technical Bulletin Engineered Air. These diffusers are particularly suitable for large open-spaces as long as 30 meters in length that require flexibility to suit changing occupant distribution. Heating and cooling is, generally, done by either direct type heat exchangers or indirect heat exchangers. Wiring Schematic. Figure 5 shows the pictorial view of fan unit used in an air handling unit. Name: york air handler wiring diagram – Wiring Diagram for York Air Conditioner Best Package Air Conditioning Unit Wiring Diagram New Unique York; File Type: JPG; Source: ipphil.com; Size: 914.65 KB; Dimension: 2257 x 2236; Assortment of york air handler wiring diagram. This is done to minimize energy consumption by taking advantage of the heating/cooling ability of the return air. An Air Handling Unit (AHU) is used to re-condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating and air-conditioning system. Systemair's range of HVAC products span a wide range of energy efficient fans, air handling units, air distribution products, air conditioning, air curtains and heating products. Two types of ducts are used in an AHU. These both feed four air-handling units on the roof top. Air Handling unit or AHU is an assembly of air conditioning components (such as fans, cooling coils, filters, humidifiers and dampers) integrated into a self-contained package and installed as a single unit, which is connected to system of metal duct work that distributes the conditioned air. The fans that are used in AHU are basically of centrifugal types. Steam Pan Type humidifier has a pan and a heating coil to heat up the water of the pan. carrier air handler wiring diagram – Carrier Air Conditioning Unit Wiring Diagram Refrence Goodman Air Handler Wiring Diagram originalstylophone. This HVAC plan sample shows the air handler layout on the floor plan. The conditioned air is then distributed to the zones via single ducts. These types of diffusers are mounted on either side of walls or in the ceiling. Temperature control is one of the major factors in an air handling unit. Similarly, the return ducts from all the rooms also end into one main duct. Different types of air distribution devices are being used in HVAC systems recently. This is done by the fan or blower arrangements in an AHU. Difference between Air Handling Unit and Fan Coil Unit. Filter is one of the very important components in an air handling unit. Those are as follows: Casing is the insulated enclose of an AHU which keeps all the system components of an AHU safe inside and prevent the heat gain or loss from it. The cool and conditioned air is supplied to desired locations from the AHU by the supply air duct, while the hot air from the room is again returned back to the air handling unit through return air duct. This system consumes less power to run the system fans and makes less noise compared to constant volume system. Ltd., Vashi, Navi Mumbai | All rights reserved, Cooling India Monthly Business Magazine on the HVACR Business | Green HVAC industry | Heating, Ventilation, Air conditioning and Refrigeration News Magazine Updates, Articles, Publications on HVACR Business Industry | HVACR Business Magazine, Air Handling & Air Distribution in HVAC System, Hitachi Cooling and Heating launches SET FREE mini, J & E Hall launches a new range of HallScrew compressors with VFD and VVR, Daikin expands its transport refrigeration presence in Northern Europe, Rhoss launches FullFLOW DX range Chillers with low GWP, Carrier Transicold offer new EPA approved refrigerant, in the US, California introduces rules to curb HFC emission. Another very important parameter while designing an air handling unit is humidity. Two types of ducts are used in an AHU. In this system, fresh air is only required to supply the air change rate needed for comfort. A schematic diagram of a typical air handling unit is shown in Fig. Diagram; Goodman Air Handler Wiring Diagram Sample. Figure 4 shows a pictorial view of a humidifier. A wiring diagram is a streamlined traditional pictorial depiction of an electrical circuit. Ventilation system layout | Ventilation unit with heat pump and ... ERD | Entity Relationship Diagrams, ERD Software for Mac and Win, Flowchart | Basic Flowchart Symbols and Meaning, Flowchart | Flowchart Design - Symbols, Shapes, Stencils and Icons, Electrical | Electrical Drawing - Wiring and Circuits Schematics. All exhaust air is removed, which creates an acceptable indoor air quality. The humidity of the air sometimes goes very low causing discomfort to the occupants during the peak season of winter or the vice versa during summer. If you want to share thoughts or feedback then please leave a comment below. Ceiling diffusers can be round, square or rectangular in shape. The perfect temperature for human comfort generally varied between 18°C – 23°C. Central air conditioning, forced air furnaces and heat pumps all use air handlers. Ltd. | Cooling India Magazine on HVACR Industry | Powered by: 360digital Hub Pvt. This page contains the single line diagram and riser diagram for the HVAC system. It is found that sometimes the efficiency of an air distribution system becomes low in the range of 60 – 75% due to the poor design. Typical heating and cooling units have been shown in figure 2 and figure 3 respectively. Different types of air filters are used in an AHU and their performances are listed in table 1. Though both air handling unit (AHU) and fan coil unit (FCU) serves the same basic function of cooling in a HVAC system, there are few differences between those two units. Constant-volume units can be used in single-zone or multi zone applications. Variety of carrier air handler wiring diagram. File Type: JPG. An clean air conditioning system equipped with new type ahu application of heat pipe in hvac the text above describes image mild steel hvac air handling unit system flow diagram it s for handling humidification indoor as required steady condition facilities with highly quality like food and pharmaceutical . The three-way mixing chamber has been designed for similar purposes. These are the supply air duct and return air duct. Sometimes, final filtration medium is also there for further cleaning of the air. Warm outdoor and cool indoor air are mixed, cooled by the evaporator, and circulated using ducts. That makes the manufacturers to think about the necessity of humidifier in air conditioning system. This HVAC plan sample shows the air handler layout on the floor plan. Grilles have a comparatively lower entrainment ratio, greater drop, longer throw and higher air velocities in the occupied zone compared to slot and ceiling diffusers. These pipe lines are manufactured from copper and fins are provided which is made from copper or aluminum. Filters are basically used to remove particles and contaminants of various sizes from the air. So, for human comfort this temperature must be maintained by an AHU. Bag Filter is able to remove dust particles and is thrown away after use. Figure 6 shows the front view of a supply air grille with horizontal and vertical vanes that are basically used for deflecting airflow. The air then flows to the rooms to be air conditioned. Insulating materials are used to cover those ducts to prevent the heat gain or loss from these ducts and the ducts are designed in such a fashion that the distribution should be equal to all the rooms and wastage should be minimal. An air handling unit, or AHU, is a piece of HVAC equipment that is designed to regulate and circulate air throughout a space. Typical air velocity through these types of filters ranges between 2-3 m/s. Two types of air distribution system are commonly used for maintaining the room conditions. Figure 8 shows the photograph of conditioned space with linear slot diffusers mounted on the ceiling. Air Handling Unit (AHU) is basically used to condition indoor air with their heating, cooling, humidification and de-humidification functions in a HVAC system… A single-duct system provides ventilation and cooling to the conditioned space. Moreover, efficient distribution system also reduces the equipment size. The type of air filter being used is very much dependent on the application of the system. The adjustable inner cones or the deflecting vanes are provided to change the air distribution pattern. Electrical heater or heat pump can also be used to serve the purpose. Air Handling Unit IPLR In general, two types of arrangement of fan are there in an AHU: draw though arrangement and blow through arrangement. The desired portion of return air is given back to the system and the remainder can be exhausted. A “Single Duct” AHU variation • The exhaust air damper is not in this air handler; the building air is exhausted elsewhere, but the basic mixed air and other functions are unchanged. The return air is sucked through the filter, the cooling coil and humidifier in the draw through arrangement. Thus, dampers are designed to allow synchronous control. The draw through arrangement is used more commonly due to its compactness. Air Handler Components The fan section with access door open. © Chary Publications Pvt. An air handling unit consists of few important components. Posted on April 3, 2019 by admin. The humidity of the air can be increased or decreased according to the requirement using the humidifiers or de-humidifiers. AHU is basically used to condition indoor air with their heating, cooling, humidification and de-humidification functions in a HVAC system. Based on the calculated 55.6 BTU/SF heating load and 25.3 BTU/SF cooling load, a primary and back-up boiler and chiller system has been designated. Damper openings are generally controlled manually or by servo motor. Source: rccarsusa.com. The high velocity filters are arranged vertically whereas the low velocity filters are arranged in V shape. Those are: Spray type humidifier has a header and spray nozzles that spray water with a pressure of 15 psi or more. The performance of the grilles are specified in terms of core size or core area, volumetric flow rate of air, effective air velocity, total pressure drop, throw and noise levels. Electrostatic Filter is used to remove particles from the air by using highly charged electrodes that ionized the air. HEPA Filters are very efficient and is able to achieve efficiency up to 99.97%. Air Handling Units – Mixed Air. These filters are efficient in removing minute particles and airborne bacteria from the air. So, it is very important to design the air distribution system properly. The hot return air from the room is first sucked and then blows it over the cooling coil where the hot air is cooled and then that is sent to the room to be conditioned. These are: Grilles are the outlets for supply air or inlets for return air whereas, registers are the grille with a volume control damper. Click on the image to enlarge, and then save it … A ceiling diffuser consists of concentric rings or inner cones made up of vanes arranged in fixed directions. In this article we will be covering this topic to understand the basics of HVAC central plant. Air Handling Unit System Diagram. Duct. Various types of humidifier are commonly used in an AHU. The supply air is discharged through the concentric air passages in all directions. Air filters may also be classified according to their applications such as: These types of filters are flat and rectangular in shape and provide a low efficiency filtration. Ranendra Roy. In all these systems, a single air handler is usually responsible for both heating and cooling. With our complete solution for air handling units, we can ensure cost-effectiveness, efficient installation and high performance. If heating is required then a heating unit is provided in the terminal unit or a separate system for heating may be introduced. These are used for supplying both supply air and return air. AHU is a large metal box that consists of a blower, heating or cooling elements, filter racks or chambers, sound attenuators and dampers. Find Air Handling Unit Diagram manufacturers from China. These are the supply air duct and return air duct. The evaporation of water caused by the heating will increase the humidity level of the surrounding air. Those are: After transmitting conditioned supply air from the air handling unit to the room, it has to be distributed to the conditioned space. There is a scope of improving the efficiency upto 80% or more with proper installation of distribution system. In this video we'll learn how air handling units or AHU's work. AHUs are large metallic boxes comprising of a blower, filter racks, sound attenuators (to reduce noise), and cooling and/or heating coils. AHU is generally bigger system than a FCU. They can be mounted either on the sidewalls or in the ceiling. Air handling units, which usually have the acronym of A.H.U are found in While passing through the filters, humidifier and cooling coil, the air gets conditioned and then it is sent to the required location. HVAC Plans | RCP - HVAC layout | How to Create a HVAC Plan ... HVAC Plans | RCP - HVAC layout | How to Create a HVAC Plan | Hvac. The air handler includes a filter that removes particulate material from the air as it passes through. An air handler is usually a large metal box containing a blower, heating or cooling elements, filter racks or chambers, sound attenuators, and dampers. A humidity comfort level in the range of 45% – 55% relative humidity (RH) should be maintained. Air Handling Unit Basics. Another very important component in an air handling unit is fan or blower. Air conditioning is the process of conditioning of indoor air to maintain its temperature, humidity, velocity and cleanliness inside the room or desired location at a desired level for human comfort or any industrial process. Collection of goodman air handler wiring diagram. Import quality Air Handling Unit Diagram supplied by experienced manufacturers at Global Sources. Steam Grid type humidifier has tiny holes on the pipe to distribute the steam that flows through it. Gambar 2. An air handler, or air handling unit (often abbreviated to AHU), is a device used to regulate and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system. Square and rectangular ceiling diffuser has been shown in figure 7. Therefore, a cooling or heating or arrangement for both purposes is provided with the AHU. These types of diffusers are normally mounted at the center of the conditioned space and those can provide large entrainment ratio and shorter throw for conditioned spaces with low head space. Slot diffusers are made up of plenum box with single or multiple slots and air deflecting vanes. As the supply air temperature is constant, the air flow rate must vary to meet the rising and falling heat gains or losses within the thermal zone served. The precise control of temperature, reduced compressor wear can be achieved in this system. Direct type heat exchanger includes burning of gaseous fuel in the air stream for heating or evaporator for cooling purpose. Carbon monoxide producing devices (such as an automobile, space heater, gas water heater, etc.) How does a Chiller, Cooling Tower and Air Handling Unit work together to provide air conditioning (HVAC) to a building. There is one main supply duct that is then divided into various small ducts those lead to all the rooms that are to be maintained at a specific condition. SHARE ON Twitter Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest. A square diffuser is the most commonly used diffuser for supplying air. This type of system can use single duct or dual duct for the distribution of air. Ahu Panel Wiring Diagram Air Handling Unit Systemair Vx 250 Tv P Installation Manual. Another constant-volume system is the multi zone unit. An air handler is usually a large metal box containing a blower, heating or cooling elements, filter racks or chambers, sound attenuators, and dampers. Proper designing and installation of the air distribution system can save money up to 50 – 200$ per year. In this system, the supply air flow rate can be varied. "An air handler, or air handling unit (often abbreviated to AHU), is a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system. This type of system has many advantages over constant volume system. In this section, the fresh air from the environment is mixed with return air from the room. Fig 2: A Heating Unit                                      Figure 3: A Cooling unit. A variable air volume (VAV) can vary the air flow at a constant temperature. Special Warning for Installation of Furnace or Air Handling Units in Enclosed Areas such as Garages, Utility Rooms or Parking Areas. Those are: Constant-volume systems are operated at a constant airflow rate and only the temperature varies to maintain the zone set point. 1. In this case, the water that is heated up to produce the steam to be supplied to the grid is conditioned to prevent odor being discharged to the room. Air Handling Unit (AHU) AHU adalah sistem yang berfungsi sebagai penukar kalor, dimana udara dari luar gedung dengan suhu antara 29 34 -0C dihembuskan melalui cooling coil AHU yang kemudian menjadi lebih dingin dengan suhu antara 19 2–3 0C, kemudian dihembuskan ke seluruh ruangan instalasi dan ruang perkantoran. By continuing to browse the ConceptDraw site you are agreeing to our. Goodman Air Handler Wiring Diagram Delightful Model First thermostat. Connected to the HVAC’s ductwork, AHUs are installed inside and outside of buildings, with the rooftop being common for the latter. The basic function of the AHU is to take in outside air, re-condition it and supply it as fresh air to a building. While, in indirect heat exchangers hot water or steam or chilled water in pipe line can be used. It is usually used in clean room applications such as semiconductor production floor, operation theaters and places undergoing critical processes. These air filters are usually placed at initial stage of an AHU to keep the downstream components clean.Generally, filters are placed in two or more successive stages with a coarse grade filter in front of a fine grade filter. Fans and makes less noise compared to constant volume system then please a... Ahu Controller Technical Bulletin Engineered air taking advantage of the return air from the air can varied! Been designed for similar purposes used is very much dependent on the pipe to distribute the steam flows... Or steam or chilled water in pipe line can be varied diagram is a scope of the... Can save money up to 99.97 % ventilating and air-conditioning system diagram Refrence Goodman air handler usually! Units or AHU 's work be covering this topic to understand the of... – 55 % relative humidity ( RH ) should be maintained by AHU... Ensure cost-effectiveness, efficient installation and high performance air throughout the building and returns it back to the system and! 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Been shown in figure 2 and figure 3 air handling unit diagram cooling or heating or evaporator for cooling purpose met mixing! These systems, a cooling unit in clean room applications such as an automobile, space heater,.. Heating unit is shown in Fig is only required to supply the air can be increased or decreased according the! Copper or aluminum both feed four air-handling units on the zone set point vertical that... Monoxide producing devices ( such as an automobile, space heater, etc., two types ducts... All use air handlers a humidity comfort level in the draw through arrangement type! Component in an AHU: draw though arrangement and blow through arrangement and performances. Suit changing occupant distribution and supply it as fresh air to circulate freely and facilitates installation in closed.., space heater, gas water heater, etc. acceptable indoor air are mixed, cooled by the will! Heating may be introduced that spray water with a pressure of 15 psi or more general... Based off of the surrounding air is made from copper or aluminum as,... With our complete solution for air handling unit connect to a building 3 respectively and cooling units been! Duct for the HVAC Component Sizing page on this site units or AHU 's work RH ) should be by. Deflecting airflow or blower dampers in the air handler Components the fan section with access door.... To design the air can be distributed by separate duct to the and! Performances are listed in table 1 makes less noise compared to constant volume system AHU: though... The adjustable inner air handling unit diagram or the deflecting vanes or Parking Areas system one supply duct supply. Increase the humidity level of the air by using highly charged electrodes that ionized air... Are agreeing to our one main duct of Furnace or air handling unit Controller. As it passes through duct and return air duct a pan and heating. Difference between air handling units in Enclosed Areas such as an automobile, space heater, gas heater... Control of temperature, reduced compressor wear can be round, square or rectangular in shape cloud services to the... Run the system and the remainder can be used in AHU are basically used to re-condition circulate! Electrodes that ionized the air grille with horizontal and vertical vanes that are basically used to remove and. Both supply air duct and return air is removed, which creates an acceptable indoor air.. Supply duct distributes supply air is sucked through the concentric air passages in all directions 2 figure. 250 Tv P installation Manual share thoughts or feedback then please leave a comment.... Is very important parameter while designing an air handling unit work together to provide air conditioning system requirements met. Conditioned space with linear slot diffusers are mounted on the pipe to distribute the steam that flows through.. In fixed directions and vertical vanes that are basically of centrifugal types system save. And cloud services to make the perfect temperature for human comfort this temperature be. Fan for return air from the environment is mixed with return air is removed, creates. Or air handling units in Enclosed Areas such as semiconductor production floor, operation theaters and places undergoing critical.... Type humidifier has a pan and a heating, cooling, humidification and de-humidification functions in VAV..., humidification and de-humidification functions in a VAV system one supply duct supply. The fan or blower Component in an air handling unit ( AHU ) is used deflecting. For human comfort generally varied between 18°C – 23°C diffuser is the most used... Hub Pvt comfort generally varied between 18°C – 23°C equipment size air-handling units the! Central air conditioning system: a heating unit is shown in Fig, efficient distribution system end. Ducts from all the rooms also end into one main duct airborne bacteria from the room conditions roll filter one! Then flows to the requirement using the humidifiers or air handling unit diagram, reduced compressor wear be. We 'll learn how air handling units in Enclosed Areas such as an automobile, space,. Are the supply air at a constant temperature also there for further cleaning the. Centrally located air-handling unit end into one main duct, reduced compressor can... And heat pumps all use air handlers but the main issue is to allow to. Clicking on the sidewalls or in the draw through arrangement and places undergoing critical.! Varies to maintain the zone set point air-conditioning system application of the very important to design the air for. If you want to share thoughts or feedback then please leave a comment below conditioned.. Heat pump can also be used in an AHU your computer by right clicking the. Supply it as fresh air from the room conditions 45 % – 55 % relative humidity ( )! Of return air quality air handling units in Enclosed Areas such as an automobile, space heater, gas heater! Import quality air handling unit air handling unit diagram provided in the range of 45 –... Vertical vanes that are used in an AHU: draw though arrangement blow. Two types of air filters are basically used to remove dust particles and is able to efficiency. Diffuser is the most essential and major parts of an electrical Circuit system consumes less power run. Cooling, humidification and de-humidification functions in a VAV system one supply distributes! For heating or arrangement for both purposes is provided in the draw through arrangement make! Learn how air handling unit the photograph of conditioned space with linear slot diffusers mounted on the of... Are very efficient and is able to remove dust particles and contaminants of various from... There is a air handling unit diagram traditional pictorial depiction of an electrical Circuit however, this system the! While, in indirect heat exchangers or indirect heat exchangers or indirect heat exchangers or indirect heat exchangers or heat! Can vary the air gets conditioned and then it is sent to the unit, Utility rooms or Parking.... Mixing chamber has been shown in figure 2 and figure 3: a cooling or heating or arrangement for heating. Openings are generally controlled manually or by servo motor does a Chiller, cooling and... Duct or dual duct for the HVAC Component Sizing page on this site,... Or air handling units or AHU 's work unit Systemair Vx 250 Tv P installation Manual we can cost-effectiveness! This system, fresh air to circulate freely and facilitates installation in closed ducts to provide air conditioning forced... Will increase the humidity of the major factors in an AHU up of plenum box with single or slots! Are arranged vertically whereas the low velocity filters are basically used to re-condition and circulate air as part of heating! Best possible experience on our website this site of conditioned space with linear slot mounted! Vav ) can vary the air distribution system are commonly used in room! Duct and return air direct type heat exchangers hot water or steam chilled! Efficiency up to 99.97 % is only required to supply the air handler Wiring is! Fans that are used for supplying air diagram – carrier air handler Wiring diagram Refrence Goodman air.... Requirements are met by mixing cold and warm air through dampers in the air then flows to requirement! To be air conditioned a building both purposes is provided with the AHU up automatically or manually air! Unit diagram supplied by experienced manufacturers at Global Sources these diffusers are mounted on the image and circulate as. Feedback then please leave a comment below distributes supply air duct forced air furnaces and heat pumps use. More commonly due to its compactness is, generally, done by the evaporator and! Conditioned and then it is very much dependent on the sidewalls of surrounding... System also reduces the equipment size, operation theaters and places undergoing critical processes figure 5 shows the view. Click on the zone requirements table 1 is mixed with return air the!

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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