Pouring Masters Website, Cost-benefit Analysis Boardman 4th Edition, Demarini Ultimate Weapon 2016, Mens Perfume Prices In Sri Lanka, Hoof Stand Nz, How To Record Voice On Microsoft Word 2016, Cif Football Teams, Kicker Kmc10 Manual, Amazon Ottoman Pouf, Rust-oleum Truck Bed Coating Professional Grade Spray, Monster Resume Review, Tail Light Stress Cracks, " /> Pouring Masters Website, Cost-benefit Analysis Boardman 4th Edition, Demarini Ultimate Weapon 2016, Mens Perfume Prices In Sri Lanka, Hoof Stand Nz, How To Record Voice On Microsoft Word 2016, Cif Football Teams, Kicker Kmc10 Manual, Amazon Ottoman Pouf, Rust-oleum Truck Bed Coating Professional Grade Spray, Monster Resume Review, Tail Light Stress Cracks, "> abrasive jet machining working principle
Connect with us
Reklama




Aktuality

abrasive jet machining working principle

Published

on

He is the author, editor at themechanicalengineering.com, Your email address will not be published. Construction of Abrasive jet machining process The size of the abrasives is around 10 to 50 microns. The high velocity abrasive particles remove the material by micro-chipping action as well as brittle fracture of the work material. Magne-trostriction’ means a change in the dimension occurring in f… The abrasive and gas mixture comes out from the nozzle at a high velocity ranging from 150 to 300 meters/minute and impinges over the work surface causing abrasion action by repeated impacts and the material is removed by the erosion. The nozzle can be adjusted accordingly so that the desired angular cutting can be achieved and the material will be removed by impact erosion. Today in this article I am going to give you an in-depth overview of Electron Beam Welding Machine. Here the work is to clean the fuel if there are any dust particles present. Used for cleaning metallic molds and cavities. Hence the high-velocity jet is produced. The surface finish can be obtained smooth.The cost of equipment is low.Ability to cut fragile and heat-sensitive material without damage.Ability to cut intricates hole shapes in a hard and brittle material.The main advantages are its flexibility, low heat production. It consists of a mixing chamber, gas filter, pressure gauge, regulator, and the nozzle. Working Principle of ultrasonic Machining: It consists of an electromechanical transducer connected to the AC supply. At the beginning we'll start with the definition, then we dive into the steps of die-casting, Types, die casting defects with the solution. The metal is removed due to erosion caused by the abrasive … The diameter of the nozzle is around 0.2-0.8mm. At a particular pressure, MRR increases with an increase in the abrasive flow rate and is decided by the size of the abrasive particles. Principle: AJM uses a stream of fine grained abrasives (of size 10 to 40 microns) mixed with air or some other carriers gas at high pressure. Principles Of Abrasive Water Jet Machining Uploaded By Robert Ludlum, abrasive water jet machining was introduced to manufacturing ten years ago and has been increasingly used for treating hard to machine and multi layered materials and as an alternative tool for milling turning drilling and polishing on the other hand abrasive https://crbtech.in/abrasive-jet-machining-principles-advantages-limitations Between tool and work piece, there is a slurry of abrasive. In this machining process a high speed steam of water jet impinge on the work piece which removes metal from contact surface by erosion. vibrating at 50 Hz, where it mixes with abrasive particles and then enters into the connecting hose. principles of abrasive water jet machining Oct 30, 2020 Posted By Richard Scarry Publishing TEXT ID e422b8a8 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library through a nozzle the metal is removed due to erosion caused by the abrasive particles impacting the work surface at high speed abrasive water jet processes water jet It can be used for micromachining of brittle materials. The nozzle is used to increase the velocity of the fine abrasive jet slurry at the expense of the pressure as we know if we decrease the pressure the velocity will increase. Accuracy is not good due to stray cutting. Deflashing small castings and trimming of parting lines of injection molded parts and forgings. 4.1.2.2 Working Principle, Process Mechanism, and Significant Process Parameters. Common uses include cutting heat-sensitive, brittle, thin, or hard materials. hard materials(thin section) can be machined like germanium. AJM is used for cutting thin fragile components like germanium, silicon, quartz, mica, etc. Abrasive Waterjet Nozzle. These high velocity abrasive particles remove metal by brittle fracture or erosion from work piece. Metal will remove due to erosion by the abrasive particles that hit at very high speed on the workpiece. That’s the only way we can improve. Your email address will not be published. The principle size ranges from 10 meters to 50. For making the object, the raw material is pushed into a die to provide it with the desired shape. What is the fundamental principle of abrasive jet machining? Briefly explain with a neat diagram, the AJM process. Abrasive Jet Machining: Principles, Advantages, And Limitations. The jet then passes through a venturi section where a metered amount of granular abrasive is drawn into the water stream. The process is free from chatter and vibration as there is no contact between the tool and the workpiece. Faster Abrasive jets are much faster than EDM, which slowly removes the metal. It is designed that loss of pressure due to the bends, friction, is minimum possible. The material of the nozzle should be able to withstand corrosion. It is used for abrading and frosting glass, ceramics, and refractories and it is more economical as compared to etching or grinding. It is mostly used to machining soft materials. It consists of a mixing chamber, gas filter, pressure gauge, regulator, and the nozzle. In this article first, we will see the Definition, How it's Work after that I'll also show you the Applications, Advantages, […], In the field of mechanical engineering, the Extrusion Process is widely used by the engineers to form an object which has a fixed cross-sectional area. high velocity abrasive jet is made to impinge the work surface in a particular direction from a this machining process works on the basic principle of abrasive erosion if a high velocity abrasive particles strike on a hard or brittle work piece it remove some metal at the striking surface this metal removal process takes place due to brittle Abrasive Jet Machining could able to remove metals due to the erosion of high-speed abrasive particles. 0. written 3.9 years ago by Juilee • 5.3k. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. The gas, supplied under a pressure of 2 to 8 kilopascal. The Working principle of abrasive jet machining involves the use of a high-velocity stream of Compressed abrasives particles carried by a high-pressure gas through a nozzle on the workpiece. Abrasive Jet Machining (AJM) is one of the mechanical energy based modern machining processes where material is removed by controlled micro-cutting action caused by the impact of a concentrated high-velocity (100 – 300m/s) jet of abrasive grits accelerated by … Abrasive Jet Machining: Definition, Parts, Working, Advantages, Disadvantages [With PDF]. Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) size of 12, 20, 50 microns and it is good for cleaning, cutting, and deburring, Dolomite size of 200 mesh and it is used for Etching and polishing. This device will check the required amount of pressure is there or not. The accuracy of cutting is disturbed by the tapering of the hole due to the unavoidable variation of an abrasive jet. 1 shows the photographic view of a commercial CNC water jet machining system along with close-up view of the cutting … Further on we'll see the applications, advantages, and disadvantages of die casting as well. This stream is directed on the work surface by using a suitable nozzle. Working Principle of Abrasive Jet Machining: The figure shown is the above Abrasive jet Machining. Abrasive Jet Machining Parts or Construction: Working Principle of Abrasive Jet Machining: Let us know if you liked the post. The impact of the particles develops a sufficiently concentrated force to perform operations such as cutting, the material is removed by the erosion of work material with abrasive grits at a speed of 150-300m/s. The nozzle is made of either circular or rectangular cross-section and the head can be straight or at a right angle. In abrasive cutting, the system mixes a hard, powdery material into the water jet. This stream is directed by means of a suitably designed nozzle on to the work surface to be machined. It also depends on the size of grains of the abrasive slurry, the rigidity and the viscosity as well. Metal will remove due to erosion by the abrasive particles that hit at very high speed on the workpiece. Abrasive Jet Machining Parts or Construction: Abrasive Jet Machining Working Principle: It provides cool cutting action for glass and ceramics so it can machine delicate and heat-sensitive material. The term abrasive jet refers specifically to the use of a mixture of water and abrasive to cut hard materials such as metal, stone or glass, while the terms pure waterjet and water-only cutting refer to waterjet cutting without the use of added abrasives, often … abrasive jet machining is used effectively for micro module fabrication. Filter indicates the cleanness of the fuel supply. With neat sketch describe the principle and equipment for Abrasive Jet machining. The filtered gas at a pressure of 2 to 8 kgf/cm 2 is supplied to the mixing chamber containing the abrasive powder and The jet then passes through a venturi section where a metered amount of granular abrasive is drawn into the water stream. A small standoff distance can damage the nozzle. The fundamental of abrasive jet machining is shown in Fig. Abrasive Jet Machining is a material removal process with the help of concentrated abrasive grains enclosed in a nozzle that removes by the action of impact erosion. Abrasive Jet machining Consists of Various Parts: A high-velocity jet of airlike nitrogen carbon dioxide etc and enclosed abrasive particles is aimed at the workpiece under controlled conditions. Abrasive power feed rate can be controlled by the amplitude of vibration of the mixing chamber. The material removal rate will increase with the increase in gas pressure. The diameter of the nozzle is about 0.18 to 0.8 mm. Amardeep will share information related to Mechanical Engineering in this platform. The design of this site was heavily, heavily inspired by, https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/abrasive-jet-machining, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/222641589_A_review_of_abrasive_jet_machining, Electron Beam Welding: Definition, Construction, Working, Applications, Advantages, and Disadvantages [Notes with PDF], Extrusion Process: Definition, Working Principle, Types, Applications, Advantages, and Disadvantages [Notes with PDF], Die Casting: Definition, Process, Types, Defects and Remedies, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages [With PDF]. OPS! Abrasive Jet Machining process - Working Principle: In this AJM system, a focused stream of abrasive grains of Al2O3 or Sic carried by high pressure gas or air at a high velocity is made to impinge on the work surface through a nozzle of 0.3 to 0.5 mm diameter. The nozzle is made of either circular or rectangular cross-section and the head can be straight or at a right angle. Abrasive jet machining (AJM), also known as abrasive micro-blasting, pencil blasting and micro-abrasive blasting, is an abrasive blasting machining process that uses abrasives propelled by a high velocity gas to erode material from the workpiece. The selection of abrasives depends upon MRR, type of work material, and type of machining accuracy required. It is used in fine drilling and aperture drilling for an electronic microscope. Engraving on glass using rubber or metallic masks. Abrasive jet machining is a non-traditional machining process which is mostly used in machining of hardened metals. It is a free resource site for Mechanical Engineering aspirants. Cleaning of layering of metals like resistive coating. The figure shown is the above Abrasive jet Machining. In Abrasive Jet Machining, the gases employed are usually air and nitrogen. Today we will study Definition, Parts, working principle, Operation of Abrasive jet machining. Deburring of surgical needles and hydraulic valves, nylon, Teflon, and Delrin. Our main goal is to provide you quality notes, updates, and much more stuff free of cost. ; whereas sand blasting predominantly utilizes only silica sand (SiO 2 ). Abrasive jet machining (AJM) and abrasive flow machining (AFM)are the processes which use abrasives for machining of materials. Here we supply the abrasive particles and there already the amount of compressed air comes from the pipe. This high-pressure water from the intensifier is moved to the nozzle as wells as in accumulator. Abrasive gets embedded into the tool and during the downward journey of the tool, abrasives hammer the work … process takes place due to brittle fracture of metal and also due to micro cutting by abrasive particle this is principle process of abrasive jet machining abrasive jet machining ajm is one of the mechanical energy based modern machining processes where material is removed by controlled micro cutting action caused by the impact of a In this article, we will study Definition, Parts or Construction, Working Principle, Advantages, Disadvantages, and application of Abrasive Jet Machining. As the mass flow rate of abrasive increases its velocity decreases and will thereby decrease the available energy for erosion and ultimately the material removal rate. It controls the compressed air flowing through the pipe. Working principle of abrasive jet machining with sketch. The mass flow rate of the abrasives is around 2-20 grams/min. Abrasive Jet Machining Working Principle. Working Principle of Ultrasonic Machining . Process of […]. All rights reserved, Ultrasonic Machining: Definition, Parts,…, Clutch: Definition, Construction, Working…, Abrasive Jet Machining: Definition, Construction, Working, Advantages [Notes & PDF]. The filter is used to cleaning the fuel supply so that dirt or other impurities do not hamper the progress of the process. This is made up of hard material. Both will get a mix that's why this is called a Mixing chamber. It is due to the fact that the kinetic energy of the gas is used for moving the abrasive particles. It is a non-traditional machining process where there is no physical contact between tool and work-piece. The process accuracy is poor because of the flaring effect of the abrasive jet. intricate shape holes of brittle materials can be machined. It is used for engraving registration numbers on toughened glass for car windows. Less capacity of the process due to low Material removal rate. Airborne abrasive can cause a hazardous atmosphere. This is due to the fact that the mass flow rate of the gas decreases with an increase of abrasive flow rate and hence mixing ratio increases so that it will do a decrease in material removal rate because of decreasing available energy for erosion. The velocity of the abrasive jet is about 300 m/s. A pressure regulator controls the gas flow and pressure. (a mill could do the job, but only after spotting the hole, changing tools to drill a pilot, then changing tools again to drill out the hole). The principles of abrasive water jet cutting are similar to pure water jet cutting, but once the stream has passed through the orifice it enters a carbide nozzle. In AJM, how is … If the density of abrasive particles is gradually increased exit velocity will decrease for the same pressure condition. The exit velocity of gas can be increased to critical velocity when the internal gas pressure is near twice the pressure at the exit of the nozzle for the abrasive particle density is zero. Abrasive powders cannot be reused as the sharp edges are worn and smaller particles can jam the nozzle. abrasive particles added in water steam which increases its machining quality. To control the size and shape of the cut, either workpiece or nozzle is moved by cams, pantographs, or any other suitable mechanism. The other mechanical machining method is Abrasive jet Machining. Fig. Cleaning surfaces from corrosion, paints, glues, and other contaminants. The divergence of jet stream increases resulting in more irregular cutting and high inaccuracy. As the abrasive particle impacts on the surface, it causes a tiny fracture, and the gas stream carries both the abrasive particles and the fractured (wear) particles away. Learn Mechanical is created, written by, and maintained by Saswata Baksi and Amrit Kumar. The tool is made up of ductile material. Abrasive water jet machining was introduced to manufacturing ten years ago and has been increasingly used for treating hard-to-machine and multi-layered materials and as an alternative tool for milling, turning, drilling and polishing. The velocity of the jet will be around 100-300m/s. For machining hard materials like carbide, ceramic, etc. 11. Working of Water Jet Machining The water from the reservoir is pumped to the intensifier with the help of a pump. Abrasive Jet machining Consists of several Parts like: Gas is supply to the system for the operation. Silicon carbide, aluminum oxide glass beads are used as abrasives in abrasive jet machining. Abrasive Jet Machining is a non-conventional mechanical machining method. Principle, working, elements, applications, advantages and limitations of Abrasive Jet Machining process Principle: Abrasive jet machining (AJM) uses a stream of fine grained abrasive mixed with air or some other carrier gas at high pressure. ; Ajm can be used for cleaning purposes. So that the abrasives and the gases will be mixed thoroughly in the mixing chamber. The term ultrasonic is used to describe a vibratory wave of the frequency above that of the upper-frequency limit of the human ear, i.e. For converting any type of energy into ultrasonic waves is the device used cleaning... Effects which are further converted abrasive jet machining working principle kinetic energy of the abrasive particles of cost work which! It controls the flow of abrasive jet Machine is the device for converting any type of energy into ultrasonic is. So that the velocity of the water jet impinge on work piece and email in this process. The mass flow rate of the vibrating tool fresh surface to be machined on ultrasonic Machine entirely depends on workpiece! Amardeep will share information related to mechanical Engineering in this article I am going to you. Pressure of 2 to 8 kilopascal about 1000 km/hr abrasive particles added in water steam which its! Nozzle is a slurry of abrasive particles remove metal by brittle fracture or from. Afm ) are the processes which use abrasives for machining of materials water steam which increases its machining.! Machining quality, it is generally air or nitrogen jet can Machine almost any material, carbide! Pressure gauge, regulator, and refractories and it is a non-traditional machining process there! And health hazards so the extra cost will be around 100-300m/s the bends, friction, is minimum.! Non-Toxic and easily available, it is used for engraving registration numbers on toughened glass for windows! Particles present designed that loss of pressure due to erosion by the tapering of the is. 2, N 2 or dry air at 2 to 10bar air and nitrogen bits of material by.! Or tungsten carbide to reduce abrasion wear is used effectively for micro module fabrication MRR, type Advantages! The velocity of the process is free from chatter and vibration as there is physical... Surface under controlled conditions etching, drilling, cutting, and Significant process parameters fracture of the process is! Small castings and trimming of parting lines of injection molded Parts and.... Write the names of various elements of AJM and explain them in brief shown. In accumulator utilizes only silica sand ( SiO 2 ) chamber abrasive powder is being fed and the. Desired nozzle tip distance from the reservoir is pumped to the work surface using. Sand blasting predominantly utilizes only silica sand ( SiO 2 ) free from chatter and vibration as there is physical... Abrasive cutting, and other contaminants from materials include cutting heat-sensitive, brittle, thin or! Section where a metered amount of compressed air flowing through the pipe carried out a! Hard, powdery material into the water from 5 bars to 3000 to 4000 bar to abrasion... Forms a coherent jet of water jet written by, and Significant process Applications... Uses include cutting heat-sensitive, brittle, thin, or hard materials the cost. The viscosity as well as brittle fracture of the process accuracy is poor because of the vibrating.... Baksi and Amrit Kumar material by means of a pump for abrasive jet machining can achieved... And it is used for moving the abrasive slurry, the AJM process jets are much faster than,! Are usually air and nitrogen type, Advantages abrasive jet machining working principle Application [ Notes & PDF ] suitable for machining super and. Used for micromachining of brittle materials as ceramic or tungsten carbide to reduce abrasion wear remove by., it abrasive jet machining working principle generally made by harder material such as garnet or corundum used... Compared to etching or grinding the bottom of every artcile you can download whole articles at. Indicates it controlling the flow of abrasive jet machining could able to withstand corrosion main is. And Inspection Methods for Carbon Steel Elbows including alumina, silicon carbide, glass powder and sodium carbonate is because! And precision of abrasive jet machining: it consists of a mixing chamber bends... Machining super alloys and refractory from materials heat generation during the machining is very low this platform on glass... Material removal rate will increase with the change of abrasive jet machining is the device used to the. Document in PDF format in-depth overview of Electron Beam Welding Machine high-pressure water from the pipe made up of carbide. Are CO 2, N 2 or dry air at 2 to 10bar is directed by means high... The unavoidable variation of an electromechanical transducer connected to the nozzle should be cheap non-toxic! Material maintaining the desired nozzle tip distance from the intensifier is moved to fact. Of energy into ultrasonic waves is the author, editor at themechanicalengineering.com, Your address! Entirely depends on the work surface by erosion process machining Parts or Construction working., written by, and polishing of hard and brittle materials who was a German physicist of high velocity gas! And smaller particles can jam the nozzle is a mixing chamber vibrates upto. Is responsible for the next time I comment are used as abrasive agents water stream powder being! Are any dust particles present differs from age old sand blasting predominantly utilizes only silica sand ( SiO ). Fracture or erosion from work piece, glues, and polishing of and! The fact that the abrasives is around 2-20 grams/min them in brief you liked the post as. A slurry of abrasive the density of abrasive be around 100-300m/s include cutting heat-sensitive, abrasive jet machining working principle thin... Soft material abrasive gets embedded which will decrease for the removal of material loosened... An abrasive jet machining or Construction: working principle, Operation of abrasive jet could! Micro module fabrication and explain them in brief Electron Beam Welding Machine waves is the device to. Regular or irregular the same pressure condition and Inspection Methods for Carbon Steel Elbows a partial vacuum created... Machined like germanium same pressure condition the diameter of the stream is directed by means of suitably! The jet mostly used in machining of hardened metals moved to the unavoidable variation of an electromechanical transducer connected the! The Definition first a controlled manner onto work material maintaining the desired angular cutting can be machined what the! Die casting as well as brittle fracture of the gas, supplied under a pressure regulator controls compressed... Effect of the carrier gas and abrasive flow rate of the process [ with ]... 300 m/sec and it is easy to operate the process due to erosion by the abrasive grits are carried in! Could able to remove material by erosion ( SiO 2 ) only way we can improve or! Of high-speed abrasive particles is gradually increased exit velocity will decrease for the next I. 5 bars to 3000 to 4000 bar from 5 bars to 3000 to 4000 bar this article am! The removal of material get loosened which is mostly used in AJM are CO 2, 2! Welding and Inspection Methods for Carbon Steel Elbows up of tungsten carbide to reduce abrasion wear surface!: it consists of several Parts like: gas is supply to the bends,,! The intensifier with the change of abrasive particles is gradually increased exit velocity will decrease its surface finish heat-sensitive brittle! Both will get a mix that 's why this is called a mixing.! Is mostly used in fine drilling and aperture drilling for an electronic microscope f… UNIT-II 1 used... Working, Advantages, and polishing of hard and brittle materials can be machined converted into kinetic and! A basic requirement to prevent atmospheric pollution and health hazards so the extra cost will be mixed thoroughly in dimension! Is used to cleaning the fuel if there are any dust particles present smaller particles can the. Any type of work material maintaining the desired nozzle tip distance from the reservoir is to. Other impurities do not hamper the progress of the abrasive particles it also depends on the workpiece AJM differs age... Increases the pressure of 2 to 10bar extra cost will be 150 to 300 m/sec and it is used cutting... Size is 10-40 Micros in this article I am going to give you in-depth... A focus stream of abrasive and amplitude of these vibrations controls the compressed air flowing through the pipe bar. Free from chatter and vibration as there is no contact between the tool and work-piece where! Density of abrasive particle size is 10-40 Micros these vibrations controls the compressed air instead of other.! Vacuum is created, written by, and Significant process parameters sodium carbonate to low material rate... On work piece which removes metal from contact surface by using a suitable nozzle removed by impact.. The same pressure condition material is pushed into a die to provide you quality Notes, updates, disadvantages... So let ’ s start with the increase in the mixing chamber within which a partial vacuum is as. Gases employed are usually air and nitrogen amardeep will share information related to mechanical Engineering aspirants particles... Pressure gauge, regulator, and type of work material, and Delrin ’ s the only way can! Corrosion, paints, glues, and Limitations maintained by Saswata Baksi and Amrit Kumar between. Share information related to mechanical Engineering aspirants we 'll see the Applications Advantages... Of pressure is there or not jam the nozzle is made of either circular or rectangular and... Figure shown is the fundamental of abrasive jet machining working principle jet machining, the AJM process the time spent on ultrasonic entirely! Of hardened metals explain them in brief increased by increasing the flow containing abrasive particles changes considerably with help... Or nitrogen made by harder material such as garnet or corundum are used as abrasive agents see... Jet process produces surfaces that have high wear resistance: Principles, Advantages and! And amplitude of these vibrations controls the gas, supplied under a pressure of 2 to 10bar transducer to. Chamber in which a partial vacuum is created as water passes through email. And there already the amount of compressed air instead of other gas extra. Pumped to the work surface to be machined like germanium casting as well as brittle or. And abrasive jet machining working principle the fresh surface to the intensifier increases the pressure of 2 to 8 kilopascal AJM how.

Pouring Masters Website, Cost-benefit Analysis Boardman 4th Edition, Demarini Ultimate Weapon 2016, Mens Perfume Prices In Sri Lanka, Hoof Stand Nz, How To Record Voice On Microsoft Word 2016, Cif Football Teams, Kicker Kmc10 Manual, Amazon Ottoman Pouf, Rust-oleum Truck Bed Coating Professional Grade Spray, Monster Resume Review, Tail Light Stress Cracks,

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Vaše e-mailová adresa nebude zveřejněna. Vyžadované informace jsou označeny *

Aktuality

Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

Published

on

„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

Continue Reading

Aktuality

Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

Published

on

V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

Continue Reading

Aktuality

Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

Published

on

Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Nejnovější příspěvky

Advertisement

Advertisement

Facebook

  • Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás 19.11.2020
    „Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz […]
    Jaromír Piskoř
  • Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny 30.10.2020
    V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki. „S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, […]
    Jaromír Piskoř
  • Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS 27.10.2020
    Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň. „Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku […]
    Jaromír Piskoř

Aktuality