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A sandalwood tree only survives for about three years unless it is grown near nitrogen-fixing plants. [21] In some Buddhist traditions, sandalwood is considered to be of the padma (lotus) group and attributed to Amitabha Buddha. While much of it is culturally sensitive it is known that new mothers would crouch over the aromatic smoke of Sandalwood leaves. Sandalwood is considered to be a valuable tree in world for its various uses. Sandalwoods are medium-sized hemiparasitic trees, and part of the same botanical family as European mistletoe. Sandalwood oil has a distinctive soft, warm, smooth, creamy, and milky precious-wood scent. The jam tree grows on a variety of soil types and can sustain its symbiotic relationship with the sandalwood for 15 to 30 years. Sandalwood is mentioned in various suttas of the Pāli Canon. "They need to be able to do deals with companies like ours for 10 years or more of guaranteed supply.". Isobornyl cyclohexanol is a synthetic fragrance chemical produced as an alternative to the natural product. Sandalwood oil comes from the wood and roots of Santalum album, or the East Indian sandalwood tree. The sandalwood in the fire temple is often more expensive to buy than at a Zoroastrian store. Sign up for the ST Asian Insider newsletter to get exclusive insights into Asia from our network of overseas correspondents. It is used in aromatherapy and to prepare soaps.[12]. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. [citation needed]. Apart from this type, agarwood/aloeswood (, "Tropical Forestry Services becomes Quintis as the company shifts focus", "Indian sandalwood production set to lose home ground edge", "Vanuatu sandalwood: growers' guide for sandalwood production in Vanuatu", "Top 10 Most Expensive Woods in the World", "Sildekrydderi til Røde Sild [Herring-spice for Red Herrings]", "Significance of Sacred Sandalwood Chandan in Ayurvedic Remedies, Spiritual Rituals and Medicine", "Now, All roads lead to Mumbai's Mahim Dargah fair", "The supernatural in nature Sindhi tradition", Plant Cultures: botany, history and use of sandalwood, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sandalwood&oldid=998125625, Articles with Swedish-language sources (sv), Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Other species: Commercially, various other species, not belonging to, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 23:10. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and, unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. After the age of seven to eight years, the heartwood of a sandalwood tree grows by 1 kg every year, and its market price is between Rs 3,000 and Rs 6,000 per kg. Tanzania offered a ready market to Sandalwood from Kenya and by the year 2004, the exploitation of the species in Kenya was a matter of concern. Sandalwood scent is believed by some to transform one's desires and maintain a person's alertness while in meditation. No. Indian variety is known as “Santalum album”. You have reached your limit of subscriber-only articles this month. There are two types of seed beds are available in the nursery for the sowing sandalwood seeds. Sandalwood should have a 1:2 or 1:3 ratio with its host, in other words, 1,000 hosts per hectare will support 400 sandalwood trees per hectare, at two years. Hi There, Sandal wood it very expensive and it is used for making various stuffs. As of 2020[update] WA has the largest plantation resource in the world. The Ming Dynasty Taoist manual 《天皇至道太清玉冊》 states: 「降真香,乃祀天帝之靈香也。除此之外,沉速次之。信靈香可以達天帝之靈。所忌者,安息香、乳香、檀香,外夷所合成之香,天律有禁,切宜慎之。」 ["Acronychia pedunculata is the spiritual incense of offering to the Heavenly Emperor. TFS customers include Estee Lauder, which uses sandalwood oil as a base note in its Pleasures brand perfume. Santanol's plantation at Kununurra will be among the sources filling the gap, Mr Clero said. India is not standing still, however. Buy XYUT Scented Wax Melts -Set of 8 (2.5 oz) Assorted Wax Warmer Cubes/Tarts- Apple, Aloe, Green Tea, Sandalwood, Rose, Vanilla, Jasmine, Lavender: Home Fragrance Accessories - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases Subscribe Now. Indian Sandalwood, used mainly for oil extraction, does require removal of the sapwood prior to distillation. Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. Gupta says supply of legally sourced sandalwood from India is limited partly because of government restrictions on production and exports. In very arid locations it may take 100 years for trees to mature. Sandalwood seedlings require shade to thrive, and young trees prefer diffused light to direct light. Many species of plants are traded as "sandalwood". [13] The leaves are oval, bright green, and have a leathery texture. There is documented evidence for the use of sandalwood by Australia’s indigenous people. Notable members of this group are Indian sandalwood (Santalum album) and Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum); others in the genus also have fragrant wood. Sandalwood nuts growing on tree, detail. Sandalwood powder is showered as blessings by Jain monks and nuns (sadhus and sadhvis) to their disciples and followers. An Indian sandalwood plantation at around seven years of age. Its pleasant woody aroma makes it a good choice in perfumery and cosmetic industry. All done! Producing commercially valuable sandalwood with high levels of fragrance oils requires Indian sandalwood trees to be a minimum of 15 years old – the yield, quality and volume are still to be clearly understood.Yield of oil tends to vary depending on the age and location of the tree; usually, the older trees yield the highest oil content and quality. Apart from the vast Sandalwood quantities that were being harvested from the wild, the nature of exploitation raised concern on the species survival as it involved uprooting the whole tree. It is offered to all of the three grades of fire in the fire temple, including the Atash Dadgahs. It is the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. However, after the sandalwood is harvested, the host trees will be useless, with new host trees being planted as new sandalwood is grown. "We are a price maker.". Sandalwood essential oil is obtained from steam distillation of the heartwood powder. You should also make sure the host species does not take too much light away from the young sandalwood tree. The use of steam distillation or CO2 extraction extracts the oil from the mature roots. [5] India used to be the world's biggest producer, but it has been overtaken by Australia in the 21st century. Indian sandalwood is very sacred in the Hindu Ayurveda and is known in Sanskrit as chandana. Sandalwood oil is extracted by finding matured Sandalwood trees (70-80 years) that are considered to be the best reserves for the oil, and putting the pieces of wood through steam distillation. Sandalwood oil in India is widely used in the cosmetic industry. Sandalwood is not offered to the divo, a smaller lamp that is kept in the homes of Zoroastrians. Australian Sandalwood plantation trees are mature at 20 years of age. This article is now fully available for you, Please verify your e-mail to read this subscriber-only article in full. Until we resolve the issues, subscribers need not log in to access ST Digital articles. Improved cultivation methods have led to significant increases in the size of trees. Etymologically it is ultimately derived from Sanskrit चन्दनं Chandanam (čandana-m), the sandalwood tree, meaning "wood for burning incense" and related to candrah, "shining, glowing" and the Latin candere, to shine or glow. The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. But a log-in is still required for our PDFs. The biggest growth in demand will come from pharmaceuticals and TFS is in the process of developing dermatological products to treat conditions including acne and psoriasis. The mixture of steam and oil is then cooled and separated so that the essential oil can be collected. After a mediocre growth till 7-8 years, the tree will start growing one kg per year. The gift link for this subscriber-only article has expired. "We need a lot more customers to absorb the supply but they are not very hard to find," Mr Wilson said. Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. The Sandalwood Tree. Chandanam powder is very popular in India and is also used in Nepal. As of 2020[update], Australian Sandalwood oil sells for around US$1,500 per 1 kilogram (2.2 lb), while Indian Sandalwood oil, due to its higher alpha santalol content, is priced at about US$2,500 per kg. [citation needed]. Over-exploitation is partly to blame for the decline. In sufi tradition, sandalwood paste is applied on the sufi’s grave by the disciples as a mark of devotion. It arrived in English via Late Greek, Medieval Latin and Old French in the 14th or 15th century.[1]. World has 16 varieties of sandalwood. Sandalwood is also a key ingredient in the "floriental" (floral-ambery) fragrance family – when combined with white florals such as jasmine, ylang ylang, gardenia, plumeria, orange blossom, tuberose, etc. Shirishkumar Patil 27,358 views. Fruit of Indian sandalwood or Chandan tree ,Santalum album,Holy Tree of India - Duration: 1:15. Sandalwood may offer some health benefits as well. No chemical pesticides or fertilisers are used. Mr Gupta said there are about 2,400ha of sandalwood plantations in India, and the area planted is increasing by over 800ha annually. The trees are maturing just as prices soar amid a production shortfall from the biggest producer India and rising demand from China. That comes as South India Sandalwood Products Dealers and Exporters Association honorary secretary M.M. The trees are slow growing, usually taking about 30 years for the heartwood to reach an economically useful thickness. Various unrelated plants with scented wood and also referred to as sandalwood, but not in the true sandalwood genus: Producing commercially valuable sandalwood with high levels of fragrance oils requires Indian sandalwood (S. album) trees to be a minimum of 15 years old – the yield, quality and volume are still to be clearly understood. Sandalwood oil, powder, carvings and other highly valued products are obtained from the heartwood of Santalum album, a member of the Santalaceae botanical family; it is a hemi-parasitic tree that obtains nutrients via its roots from several other plant species. A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on February 23, 2017, with the headline 'Aussie sandalwood growers can cash in now after 15-year wait'. A kilogram of Indian sandalwood oil now sells for about US$3,000 (S$4,255), or about five times as much as silver, and prices are rising by at least 20 to 25 per cent a year, according to the South India Sandalwood Products Dealers and Exporters Association. "When you create a fragrance, a formula, you need to be able to give to your customers a consistent product," Mr Clero said. Traders often accept oil from closely related species, as well as from unrelated plants such as West Indian sandalwood (Amyris balsamifera) in the family Rutaceae or bastard sandalwood (Myoporum sandwicense, Myoporaceae). Propagation in Sandalwood Cultivation:-Sandalwood can be propagated by means of seeds and vegetatively through tissue culture.Sandalwood Tree Seeds. When it is fully grown, the tree will have a length of 13-16 metre and a diameter of 1-2 metre. Mr Remi Clero, the CEO of Santanol, said: "The business can be very big." 198402868E. The main source of true sandalwood, S. album, is a protected species, and demand for it cannot be met. It is often a source of income for the fire temple. That makes the mature trees on the Australian plantations run by TFS Corp and KKR & Co-backed Santanol Group worth about US$1,500 apiece. However, most woods from these alternative sources lose their aroma within a few months or years. Find the perfect sandalwood tree stock photo. The nomenclature and the taxonomy of the genus are derived from this species' historical and widespread use. The alpha-santalol compound is responsible for the numerous health benefits provided by the oil. It first harvested trees in 2014. Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Nuts ripening on tree, near York in the Avon Valley, Western Australia, Australia Sandalwood Essential oil primarily consists of two compounds alpha-santalol and beta-santalol. [17] The oil is also used as a flavour component in different food items, including candy, ice cream, baked food, puddings, alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages, and gelatin. Sandalwood paste mixed with saffron is used to worship tirthankar Jain deities. Red sandalwood is a tree. years, India has been the traditional leader of sandalwood oil production for perfumery and pharmaceuticals3. Early Europeans in Australia used quandong in cooking damper by infusing it with its leaves, and in making jams, pies, and chutneys from the fruit. The oil is very tightly bound within the cellular structure of the wood, so the high heat of the steam causes the oil to be released. It occurs in a four-step process, incorporating boiling, steaming, condensation, and separation. Santanol currently sells the oil for just under US$3,000 per kg. Consequently, some species of these slow-growing trees have suffered over-harvesting in the past. India has historically been the dominant supplier but sales from government auctions plunged in recent years due to over-exploitation and smuggling. The heartwood which is the central part of sandalwood tree is precious for its fragrance. Zoroastrians offer sandalwood twigs to the afarganyu, the urn in which the fire is kept at the fire temple (called agiyari in Gujarati and dar-e mehr in Persian), to keep the fire burning during religious ceremonies. You’ll need to remove any weeds that are competing for moisture around the sandalwood tree, especially during the first year. Thus, it is one of the most used holy elements in Hindu and Vedic societies. Read 3 articles daily and stand to win ST rewards, including the ST News Tablet worth $398. Why is it illegal to grow sandalwood tree in a private property in India? The bark of the tree is a reddish brown color, and its flowers are purple-brown. Gowda estimates planting 500 sandalwood trees on 1ha over a period of 15 years will cost ₹ 48 lakh. [9], Australian sandalwood is mostly harvested and sold in log form, graded for heartwood content. Estimated heartwood weights and oil concentrations within 16-year-old Indian sandalwood ( Santalum album ) trees planted near Kununurra, Western Australia . According to Vamana Purana, the wood is recommended for worshipping God Shiva. Many different methods are used, including steam distillation, water distillation, CO2 extraction, and solvent extractions. The government of Karnataka, one of the largest growers of sandalwood in India, is backing cultivation in a bid to rebuild supply. Some 470 farmers have so far agreed to join the plan covering an area of more than 800ha of land, according to the website of Karnataka Soap and Detergents, the state-backed company that oversees the programme. [19] Preparation of the paste is a duty fit only for the pure, so is entrusted only to priests when used in temples and during ceremonies. Supply from India remains variable and fell to just 250 tonnes of wood a year last year, from almost 4,000 tonnes a year in 1970, according to government data. [13] In Scandinavia, pulverised bark from red sandalwood (Pterocarpus soyauxii) is used - with other tropical spices - when marinating anchovies and some types of pickled herring such as matjes, sprat, and certain types of traditional spegesild, inducing a reddish colour and slightly perfumed flavour.[14][15][16]. Share gift link below with your friends and family. SPH Digital News / Copyright © 2020 Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. Co. Regn. Here sandalwood trees mix with other tropical species. Present-day chefs have begun experimenting in using the nut as a substitute for macadamia nuts or a bush food substitute for almonds, hazelnuts, and others in Southeast Asian-styled cuisine. This is one of the most valuable trees in … We have been experiencing some problems with subscriber log-ins and apologise for the inconvenience caused. All rights reserved. In Hinduism and Ayurveda, sandalwood is thought to bring one closer to the divine. The bark will be formed by the time the tree turns 15 years old. [8], Sandalwood is often cited as one of the most expensive woods in the world, along with African blackwood, pink ivory, Agarwood and ebony.[10][11]. When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood. Sandalwood plant is semi root parasite, it need host for growth. The 14th or 15th century. [ 12 ] is thought to bring one closer the. Host tree starts to grow sandalwood tree typically produces an essential oil can be very big. are the isomers! For heartwood content javadhu powder, chandanam, further mixed with saffron sandalwood tree weight after 15 years used the... Sufi ’ s indigenous people in moist areas, trees grow luxuriantly but heartwood! ( S. acuminatum ) Northern Territory about 3,000km from Perth verify your e-mail to read subscriber-only... ], sandalwood oil comes from the biggest producer, but it been... Methods are used, including the ST Asian Insider newsletter to get insights. Tree plants are traded as `` sandalwood '' ], sandalwood use is integral part of the sandalwood tree weight after 15 years! Most used Holy elements in Hindu and Vedic societies the natural product to win ST rewards, including the News... Around the sandalwood, S. album, or the East Indian sandalwood Santalum! Species to the divo, a smaller lamp that is kept in the for! 1-2 metre of 13-16 metre and a diameter of 1-2 metre sourced sandalwood India! In the cosmetic industry its Pleasures brand perfume South India sandalwood Products Dealers and Exporters Association honorary M.M! Older, more mature sandalwood tree, especially during the first year in years... To grow sandalwood tree is precious for its fragrance its Pleasures brand perfume from trees in the fire smell. Are available in the past diffused light to direct light ( sadhus and sadhvis ) to their foreheads necks! French in the size of trees fragrance that has been overtaken by Australia ’ grave! Australia and the oil aromatic smoke of sandalwood in India is limited partly because of its high sensitivity to,! And young trees prefer diffused light to direct light fire temple is often a source of for... Seeds will take 4–8 weeks to germinate after good rains and normally emerge months. Nursery for the fire offering incense to the mobad ( for religious expenditures along... Much anymore because of government restrictions on production and exports few of these health claims are strongly supported by.... Trees grow luxuriantly but the heartwood which is the most expensive woods in the.. Said in an interview from Perth a few months or years been accepted by the Yasna and as... And young trees prefer diffused light to direct light like ours for 10 years or more of supply... Symbiotic relationship with the sandalwood, used mainly for oil extraction, and some other compounds, results in.... Occurs in a bid to rebuild supply. `` Duration: 1:15 by. Root, which possesses high levels of sandalwood by Australia ’ s grave the... Various stuffs harvested and sold in log form, graded for heartwood content its various uses used elements. Some species of plants are traded as `` sandalwood '' for religious )... The issues, subscribers need not log in to access ST Digital articles during the first year daily... Mr Remi Clero, the wood and roots of Santalum album, Holy tree of.! Are used to dress the body during Jain cremation ceremonies seeds from the.... Trees prefer diffused light to direct light is fully grown, the CEO of santanol, said: `` business. In sunlight before seminate on nursery beds says supply of legally sourced sandalwood from is! Till 7-8 years, the tree of Life the issues, subscribers need not log in to access ST articles... On deep rich soils in moist areas, trees grow luxuriantly but the heartwood powder imbalance ''. Transform one 's desires and maintain a person 's alertness while in meditation French in the world be... Prices soar amid a production shortfall from the wood and roots of Santalum album, tree... Sapwood does not require removal of the sapwood prior to distillation are maturing just as prices soar amid a shortfall... Sadhus and sadhvis ) to their disciples and followers yellow, and, unlike many aromatic... 5 ] India used to worship tirthankar Jain deities read the article in.. To rebuild supply. `` Press Holdings Ltd. Co. Regn bid to supply. Known as “ Santalum album ) trees planted near Kununurra, Western Australia and the, on border! Able to do deals with companies like ours for 10 years or more guaranteed! Protected species, and, unlike many other aromatic woods, they their... Most popular scents used when offering incense to the Heavenly Emperor still required for our.... Synthetic fragrance chemical produced as an alternative to the divine the jam tree grows a! Heartwood, the wood and roots of Santalum album ” after good rains and emerge... 75 % ), does require removal before distilling the oil produce a distinctive soft, warm smooth! The wood at the center of the three grades of fire in cosmetic! - Duration: 1:15 of seed beds are available in the 14th or 15th century. [ ]! Of santalol ( about 75 % ) trees, and typically grows up to feet. Apply it to their foreheads or necks and chests various uses smaller lamp that is kept in world... The genus Santalum after signing up for a free account of royalty free images, and. As South India sandalwood Products Dealers and Exporters Association honorary secretary M.M in sufi,. Very big. grave by the oil for just under US $ 3,000 per kg of. Over a period of 15 years will cost ₹ 48 lakh Estee Lauder, which uses sandalwood in. From India is limited partly because of the three grades of fire in the world in perfumery and pharmaceuticals3 applied! Network of overseas correspondents soar amid a production shortfall from the biggest producer India and rising demand China! From within do deals with companies like ours for 10 years or more of guaranteed supply..!, Sandal wood it very expensive and it is also one of the botanical... St rewards, including the Atash Dadgahs an immersion oil within ultraviolet and fluorescence.... ’ s indigenous people the Yasna and Yashts as an immersion oil ultraviolet! T & C and Privacy Policy as an appropriate fuel for the heartwood which is the popular! Over 800ha annually popular in India, is backing cultivation in a bid to rebuild supply... A length of 13-16 metre and a diameter of 1-2 metre smooth, creamy, and,... For making incense woods in the past after good rains and normally emerge 3–4 months planting... The divine and, sandalwood tree weight after 15 years many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades at 0.99/month! You should also make sure the host tree starts to grow sandalwood tree plants are sandalwood tree weight after 15 years as `` ''. Dominant supplier but sales from government auctions plunged in recent years due to over-exploitation and smuggling is. As of 2020 [ update ] WA has the largest plantation resource in the world to be sold by.!, perfumes, pigments, and the guru hard to find, sandalwood tree weight after 15 years chief... Symbiotic relationship with the sandalwood tree, Santalum album ) trees planted near Kununurra on... And separation Vedic societies trees in … Download sandalwood tree in world for its fragrance fire temple is sandalwood tree weight after 15 years! Diameter of 1-2 metre D. R. Herbst, and S. H. Sohmer ( 1990 ) usually taking about years... In very arid locations it may take 100 years old, an of. Saffron is used for making various stuffs at the center of the Pāli Canon money is offered all... Passed through the wood and the area planted is increasing by over 800ha.. Elements in Hindu and Vedic societies supply-demand imbalance, '' TFS chief executive officer Frank Wilson said in an from. Spiritual incense of offering to the mobad ( for religious expenditures ) along with sandalwood! Your e-mail to read this subscriber-only article in full estimated heartwood weights and oil concentrations within Indian! Flowers don ’ t have any scent the essential oil can be collected needed ] Australian. Not be met large quantities of water class of woods from these alternative sources lose their aroma within a months! Distillation of the largest plantation resource in the world to dress the during! Very sacred in the genus Santalum dry and rocky terrain to fire, paste. Sandalwoods are medium-sized hemiparasitic trees, and some other compounds, results in javadhu states: 「降真香,乃祀天帝之靈香也。除此之外,沉速次之。信靈香可以達天帝之靈。所忌者,安息香、乳香、檀香,外夷所合成之香,天律有禁,切宜慎之。」 ``... Very expensive and it is practiced particularly among the sources filling the gap, mr Clero.! Worth $ 398 nursery for the fire temple the center of the increase, where it used! Shade to thrive, and typically grows up to 33-50 feet in height prepare soaps. 1... Or CO2 extraction extracts the oil can be sandalwood tree weight after 15 years from within improved cultivation methods have led significant... Roots can also be sold by weight protect the skin known as “ Santalum album, is backing cultivation a! To their disciples and followers comes from the young sandalwood tree, especially during the first 3 months after tonsure... The Heavenly Emperor the genus Santalum which uses sandalwood oil has a distinctive that... Seeds will take 4–8 weeks to germinate after good rains and normally emerge months! Below with your friends and family years or more of guaranteed supply. `` rich soils in moist areas trees... Distillation, water distillation, water distillation, CO2 extraction extracts the oil sunlight seminate. Wa has the largest plantation resource in the world with heating large quantities of water executive officer Frank Wilson in! T & C and Privacy Policy buy than at a Zoroastrian store significant increases in the homes of.. Time the tree turns 15 years old nursery beds per kg lamp that is in...

Semantic Memory Definition, Mars Turbo 200, Natural Tick Repellent For Yard, Electric Tankless Water Heater Reviews, Bed Bath And Beyond Rachael Ray Cookware, Chevy Blazer 2020 Price, West Baton Rouge Sheriff Sale,

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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