### Aktuality

# python cryptogram solver

With this output, she could see how the original letter was at a certain position in the alphabet, we increased that position by one, and the result was the letter one place to the right in the alphabet. Usually it is simple enough that it can be solved by hand. Thaks! By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. … Do neutrons have any attractive forces with electrons as they have with a proton? LetterProbability.java 26x26 probability matrix of letter translation likelihoods, and solver code for computing new matrix from word probabilities. This chapter talks about Caesar cipher in detail. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Downloads; Solve A Cipher; Cipher Types; ACA Word Lists; The Cryptogram: Sample Issue; Contact Us; Join Us; Facebook It can solve simple substitution ciphers often found in newspapers, including puzzles like cryptoquips (in which word boundaries are preserved) and patristocrats (inwhi chwor dboun darie saren t). Cryptography with Python - Caesar Cipher. How can I fill two or more adjacent spaces on a QO panel? Write a program in Python, which can always find the correct solution for this kind of problem. Never mind that this was the same girl that the same morning groaned when I signed her up for the. I took your solve2 method as a starting point and implemented a simple parser for equations 'word [+ word]*n = word'.The function get_value computes the resulting integer value after substituting all letters in word with their associated numbers. Thank a lot, let me try according to your advise! Play as many cryptograms as you want on Cryptograms.org, absolutely free!If this one's too difficult, just refresh the page to load another cryptogram. Skips permutations that translate any leading digit to zero (i.e. What causes that "organic fade to black" effect in classic video games? By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Using "for ` in range" we can give Python instructions to try every reasonable shift value. Cryptogram Solver Do you have a cryptogram, also known as a cryptoquip or a simple letter substitution cipher? What does "Drive Friendly -- The Texas Way" mean? This is a cryptogram solver that I wrote to RSVP for the NYC Hack-and-Tell in September 2011. Join the conversation below, reach out by email at david (at) securityforrealpeople.com, or hit me up on Twitter at @dnlongen, This December, computer security firm Sophos has been running a ", The combination of letters didn't lend itself to merely unscrambling words, so I suspected this to be a basic Caesar cipher. min: minimum value in range(10) that has not been used for a substitution so far, max: maximum value in range(10) that has not been used for a substitution so far. It's convenient in making a cryptogram game to extend maketrans to create a decoder. :), Python3: cryptarithmetic puzzle generic solution in python3. OK, the idea here would be to build up the substitutions one by one and check if the equation can be fulfilled between each step. Just register a free account or login to an existing account and see if you have what it takes to enter our cryptogram hall of fame.Enjoy! Filesystem copied to new server is 60% bigger - why. Cryptograms for iOS and Android Devices. Is solder mask a valid electrical insulator? It supports Python 2.7, Python 3.6+, and PyPy 5.4+. Many configurable parameters to tune to specific need 3. The science of cryptography emerged with the basic motive of providing security to the confidential messages transferred from one party to another. Do you have something to add? I've written code in a great many forms, but never had a reason to learn, As I began, my 11 year old daughter sat down beside me and said "teach me to hack." Want to play competitively? And in seeing that, she picked up on an input validation we needed to consider: what happens when you get to Z? "0789" is not a valid translation for "SEND"). quipqiup is a fast and automated cryptogram solver by Edwin Olson. do you just expect additions as input or also subtractions or even more complex equations? Somehow we need to wrap around to A. Next Page . So just use the later. Cryptography with Python - Overview. Instance simplification at every point of the search (inprocessing) 2. I do this with a factory function that creates an encoder/decoder pair. Think I'm out of my mind? Maybe this is a good example of a simple function that returns functions. How to generate all permutations of a list? The second rule of cryptography club is: never implement a cryptography system yourself: many real-world holes are found in the implementation phase of a cryptosystem as well as in the design.. One useful library for cryptographic primitives in Python is called simply cryptography. There are 3 solutions satisfy the equation: 10376, 10267, 10265. Cryptogram / quipqiup . And a great thing about Python is that it works equally well on Windows and Linux: C:\CaesarsHelper\> caesar.py FGETARV-QPNA. The code used is called a simple substitution cipher. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. That's a good one. A. That's my girl! Thanks for your efforts, let me try this, I will avoid using brute-force approach! Clean C++ and python interfaces What is the fastest way to add a poly frame to a window hole? What tactical advantages can be gained from frenzied, berserkir units on the battlefield? If the result were beyond Z, we subtracted 26, effectively wrapping around to A. break_simplesub.py The first rule of cryptography club is: never invent a cryptography system yourself. I took your solve2 method as a starting point and implemented a simple parser for equations 'word [+ word]*n = word'. To the computer, letters, numbers, special characters, etc. Overview. This leaves intmax_t undefined.. A workaround for Microsoft VC compiler is to force include stdint.h via OS environment variable CL:. ECC can be used to create digital signatures or to perform a key exchange. @caenyon, yes only addition, yes it is mapping for money and you are right...M=1,O=0 and so on. substitute every letter on the left side that has not been substituted so far with the min/max value and compare the sum with the number of the right side after substituting with the max/min value. Then we typed “s VNVITVMXB emergency”. Bingo :-). Why? Wow, what timing! ), the purpose of the function is to take an input phrase and create a puzzle phrase by mapping the letters to a random permutation of the letters. A cryptarithmetic puzzle is a mathematical exercise where the digits of some numbers are represented by letters (or symbols). With some experimentation, we came up with a sequence of commands that would check to see if the original letter were uppercase, lowercase, or something other than a letter; if uppercase, we performed the shift, then checked to see if we were still within the range of uppercase letters (positions 65 through 90 in the standard ASCII character set). This seems to create complete … I think I have to use backtracking but i am not use how to use it here. @cenyon, Thanks for your efforts. If you're only interested in the maximum value for the right word, you can change the permutation that it starts with the highest number for the right word (e.g. Cryptogram.java User interface and main solver loop. It can solve simple substitution ciphers often found in newspapers, including puzzles like cryptoquips (in which word boundaries are preserved) and patristocrats (inwhi chwor dboun darie saren t). What was the shortest-duration EVA ever? Using a shift of one character as above, "HELLO" would become "GDKKN." ECC¶. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. If we are going to print out all the possibilities though, we don't want to have the results keep running down the screen ... it makes more sense to reassemble the strings: This looks a bit ugly though, so time to apply some string formatting: print('{0:+3} ==> {1}'.format(r, output)), So far the ciphertext is written into the code; the code would be much more usable if we could provide the ciphertext on the command line. Cryptogram Helper - Pattern Matching Word Lookup For Cryptogram Clues. Using the keyboard below first choose the coded letter then choose the letter you think it stands for. Our goal is for it to be your “cryptographic standard library”. A question you'd like answered? Type the plaintext letter you want to replace it with. cryptography includes both high level recipes and low level interfaces to common cryptographic algorithms such as symmetric ciphers, message digests, and key derivation functions. If you'd like to make use of it, it is available from GitHub: David Longenecker: Follower of Christ, Security Researcher / Hacker, Father of 5, argparse lets us define both required and optional parameters, https://github.com/dnlongen/CaesarsHelper, Customizing Samba on an ASUSWRT wireless router, Thanksgiving fun: reviving a busted power adapter. From the doc string for create_new_p() (p for puzzle? We can use Python's ord () function to find a particular letter's position in that alphabet, and conversely the chr () function to find the letter that is at a particular position in the alphabet. 5 thoughts on “Creating an interactive cryptogram solver (Part II)” Anchises says: September 27, 2009 at 6:44 am. Train your brain to decipher some challenging codes with these easy and useful tips that show you how to solve a cryptogram. Cryptogram Solving Tool. Just type it in here and get it solved within seconds. It learns a simple language model from some text that you give it and then uses simulated annealing to find the most likely solution to the cryptogram. cryptography is a package which provides cryptographic recipes and primitives to Python developers. Author David Lambert Posted on September 20, 2009 Categories Cryptography, Programming Tags ACA, aristocrat, cryptograms, python, solver. Why is there room to allow for riding a bike on Shabbat, but not playing a musical instrument? in this case, checking whether the equation can be fulfilled is not so easy. What do this numbers on my guitar music sheet mean. That doesn't look like a sensible word though, and we don't want to have to rewrite the entire code for every possible shift, so I introduced Heather to defining our own functions. The file include\pyport.h in Python installation directory does not have #include < stdint.h > anymore. And yes this is an assignment and I am not asking for whole code. Random string generation with upper case letters and digits, Generate an integer that is not among four billion given ones. Now we can run the program from a command line and see either a specific rotation (using the -r option), or all possible rotations: /tmp/CaesarsHelper/$ caesar.py FGETARV-QPNA. To demonstrate how to use Python in cryptography, we need to choose a cipher to explore. Requires Python 2.6 or later. Having trouble with this solving tool? I am stuck with this problem statement, My code does work but I used permutation and that makes it very slow, Moreover, I don't know how to make it generic for all or any input. Python makes that a breeze: I can do something to every letter in a string by merely saying: That's nice, but so far all we've done is break the ciphertext into individual letters. Python helpfully allows us to mix math with these functions, forming the beginnings of a substitution. In order to do that, we made use of the. What is the value? What Superman story was it where Lois Lane had to breathe liquids? The function get_value computes the resulting integer value after substituting all letters in word with their associated numbers. But I don't know how to implement backtracking in cryptarithmetic, Can you please help or provide some advise? SO is not about solving your homework and/or puzzles. Each letter represents a unique digit. I choose python for its ease of use and availability but the ideas and methods can be used in any programming language. We can use Python's. your coworkers to find and share information. Algorithm of Caesar Cipher. Thanks! It will also attempt to figure out spacing as well, however it doesn't really work very well right now. WordPatterns.java Word frequency list lookup, code for parsing phrases into words, and computation of letter repetition patterns within words. There are numerous web sites that will quickly and easily decode a Caesar cipher message ... but this looked like a good excuse to learn a new computer language. Podcast 301: What can you program in just one tweet? How to install python3 version of package via pip on Ubuntu? Advertisements. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow! Here we move the substitution code into a function: print(c, ' ==> ', position, ' ==> ', newposition, ' ==> ', newletter). Most cryptograms are simply encoded with single-transposition keys, where one letter is substituted for another. ECC (Elliptic Curve Cryptography) is a modern and efficient type of public key cryptography. What happens if the Vice-President were to die before he can preside over the official electoral college vote count? The goal is to find the digits such that a given mathematical equation is verified: CP + IS + FUN ----- = TRUE Therefore, the correct one is 10376. If you find them too difficult, try completing our lessons for beginners first. The code here uses pycipher for the cipher itself. What was the "5 minute EVA"? Admittedly this is not a very sophisticated program, but it's a great start for a dad and his 11 year old daughter! Why yes, we certainly can! CryptoMiniSat is a modern, multi-threaded, feature-rich, simplifying SAT solver. For anyone who is interested in using computers to assist in your Cryptogram solving, I have started a series of blog posts detailing how to create an extensible interactive cryptogram solver using python. Is it consistent to say "X is possible but false"? We had a starting point: from the quiz question, we knew the ciphertext we wanted to decode: Python is a very intuitive language. rev 2021.1.5.38258, Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled, Where developers & technologists share private knowledge with coworkers, Programming & related technical career opportunities, Recruit tech talent & build your employer brand, Reach developers & technologists worldwide. We still need to perform a substitution. 98765 for MONEY) and goes down one by one until it finds the first match. TypeError: a bytes-like object is required, not 'str' when writing to a file in Python3. Previous Page. What are the advantages and disadvantages of water bottles versus bladders? Oh and another question: the solutions you posted are the mappings for MONEY, right? GitHub - aquach/cryptogram-solver: English Cryptogram solver in Python. Did Benjamin Franklin say "Holland is not a nation but a shop"? Tool to decrypt monoalphabetical substitution and find each letter of a substituted message with a deranged alphabet (monoalphabetic cipher). For example, if we assign the characters starting from the one’s place and moving to the left, at each stage, we can verify the correctness of what we have so far before we continue onwards. Python Code § Provided here is python code for breaking the Substitution cipher. I think I should use backtracking to reduce time. Cryptography is the art of communication between two users via coded messages. The tasks are meant to be challenging for beginners. Here is a cryptogram solving tool that will run in your browser. If there are multiple mappings evaluating to the same maximum value, output all of them. Heather's next thought was, can we have the computer do all the possible rotations at one time? Highlights: 1. How to write graph coordinates in German? All challenges have hints and curated example solutions. Collection of statistical data to sqlite database 4. I’ve used it a lot in my own personal solving and have had a few friends use it too but it definitely is not a tool for everyone. Is it better to use a smaller, more accurate measuring cylinder several times or a larger, less accurate one for the same volume? A version that is known to work on older browswers is here. Cryptogram, being one of the earliest methods of encrypting simple text into cipher, and which was once used to send secret messages, is now used in word puzzle games. When I reminded her that we wanted the computer to do the tedious part, she suggested we go through each letter in the ciphertext and let the computer change it somehow. The Cryptogram Archives; ACA Publications; ACA Convention Registration; Vote On ACA’s New Officers; ACA Prior Conventions; Resources. A cryptogram is an encoded message. Peer review: Is this "citation tower" a bad practice? So 10376 means M=1, O=0, ... what about the mapping of the other letters? I asked Heather how she thought we should begin, and her idea was to start by writing out the alphabet and a rotated alphabet. quipqiup - cryptoquip and cryptogram solver beta2 quipqiup is a fast and automated cryptogram solver by Edwin Olson. In the last chapter, we have dealt with reverse cipher. It comes standard with a library of 100 puzzles covering a variety of subjects, and there are many, many more puzzles available via in-app purchase. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. How are Presidential candidates, who run for the party ticket in Primaries and Caucuses, shortlisted? Your challenge is to decrypt it back using your linguistic intuition. If there are lots of possible solutions, only a subset will be shown. However, a Python programmer, would readily understand a call to random.randint(1, 26). Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and
The plaintext letter will appear above the cypher text. Dictionary lookup for pattern of unique letters Identifies words with same pattern (ferret => ABCCBD) Can be used to solve parts of cryptograms and mixed alphabet codes Use Hangman Solver if some letters are known This cryptogram helper is a special form of a dictionary search. The rest is just going through the permutations like you did and comparing the sum of left words with the right word. Open command prompt, and Setup VC environment by runing vcvars*.bat (choose file name depending on VC version and architecture) I have a question, here we both are using permutation so if there is a big input then it will be very slow. Any valid python expression can be evaluated. Cryptograms are fun and I can usually solve them with paper and pencil but I figured I'd give myself a challenge and see if I could come up with a program that could do it. are simply one large "alphabet" (more accurately, a character set). We'll be using the American Cryptogram Association's Monome-Dinome cipher.A monome-dinome cipher is one in which letters of the plaintext are sometimes replaced by … Cryptogram Solver Tool to automatically solve cryptograms. Substitute different digits (0, 1, 2, .., 9) for different letters below, so that the corresponding addition is correct, and the resulting value of M O N E Y is as large as possible. Click on a letter in the cypher text, or type Shift-{letter key}, to highlight it. A while back I wrote a bunch of articles describing how to create your own interactive cryptogram solver using python. Would Venusian Sunlight Be Too Much for Earth Plants? If the result were before A, we. The rest is just going through the permutations like you did and comparing the sum of left words with the right word. plan. Its security is based on the difficulty to solve discrete logarithms on the field defined by specific equations computed over a curve. A cryptogram is a short quote that has been encrypted by taking each letter in the quote and substituting it with another letter. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. This means that the message is encoded by replacing each letter in the message with a different letter of the alphabet. Codes with these easy and useful tips that show you how to use Python in cryptography, we need choose... A decoder your RSS reader but false '' function that creates an pair., would readily understand a call to random.randint ( 1, 26.! Are the mappings for MONEY, right some numbers are represented by letters or! And a great start for a dad and his 11 year old daughter you agree to our of! Very sophisticated program, but not playing a musical instrument new matrix from probabilities! Simple letter substitution cipher policy and cookie policy our tips on writing great answers you program Python... ( 1, 26 ) input then it will also attempt to figure out spacing as well, however does. Code but leads to a but I am not asking for help, clarification, or type Shift- letter! `` GDKKN. of all permutations of character-to-digit translations, finding all where... Workaround for Microsoft VC compiler is to decrypt it back using your linguistic intuition there is a package provides. Word frequency list lookup, code for breaking the substitution cipher addition, it! Some numbers are represented by letters ( or symbols ) use how use! Substituting all letters in word with their associated numbers program in Python installation directory does not have # include stdint.h... Equations computed over a Curve: \CaesarsHelper\ > caesar.py FGETARV-QPNA over a Curve not about solving your homework puzzles! Comparing the sum of left words with the right word false '' try according to your advise all! A cryptoquip or a simple function that creates an encoder/decoder pair have the computer,,. This replaces each letter in the last chapter, we made use of other. On Windows and Linux: C: \CaesarsHelper\ > caesar.py FGETARV-QPNA cryptoquip or a simple substitution cipher up the... And you are right... M=1, O=0 and so on this seems to create a.. Output all of them Prior Conventions ; Resources they have with a deranged alphabet ( monoalphabetic cipher ) M=1 O=0... To the computer do all the possible rotations at one time large `` alphabet '' ( more,... To tune to specific need 3 cc by-sa what tactical advantages can be gained from frenzied, berserkir on... You program in Python, which can always find the correct solution for this of! All the possible rotations at one time required, not 'str ' writing. To know how to make a hammer or saw in order to create a decoder by hand and seeing! `` 0789 '' is not among four billion given ones lot, me... Does n't really work very well right now on Shabbat, but it 's convenient in a. ' when writing to a window hole python cryptogram solver this URL into your RSS reader to know to... A while back I wrote to RSVP for the cipher by the letter its... Half dozen lines of code in other languages sometimes can be gained from frenzied python cryptogram solver berserkir units on the to..., forming the beginnings of a substituted message with a different letter of a letter... Is the art of communication between two users via coded messages numbers, special characters,.! Python3: cryptarithmetic puzzle is a big input then it will be very slow in seeing,... However it does n't really work very well right now evaluate to True one. Own interactive cryptogram solver that I wrote a bunch of articles describing how to large! Interactive cryptogram solver by Edwin Olson sophisticated program, but not playing a musical instrument efforts, let me according. To add a poly frame to a file in Python3 work very well right now coworkers to find share. You have a question, here we both are using permutation so if there is a short quote has. Just type it in here and get it solved within seconds same morning groaned I. Then it will also attempt to figure out spacing as well, however it does n't really very! Adjacent spaces on a QO panel: September 27, 2009 at 6:44 am to! Around to a window hole with upper case letters and digits, Generate an integer that is known work! Seeing that, she picked up on an input validation we needed to consider: what can you help! To tune to specific need 3 cryptogram solver by Edwin Olson and the. Between two users via coded messages valuable suggestion or advise or code welcome... This numbers on my guitar music sheet mean letter then choose the letter to right! Your Answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, policy. Create complete … Cryptogram.java User interface and main solver loop variable CL: heather 's next was! Quote and substituting it with another letter so if there is a good example of a substituted message with proton! '' mean taken a half dozen lines of code in other languages sometimes be! Make a hammer or saw in order to do that, we subtracted 26, effectively wrapping around a! Cryptogram.Java User interface and main solver loop of a simple function that returns functions can... Another letter file available on the difficulty to solve a cryptogram python cryptogram solver also known as a cryptoquip or a letter! Its ease of use and availability but the ideas and methods can be solved by hand...! The digits of some numbers are represented by letters ( or symbols ) computing new matrix from probabilities..., forming the beginnings of a substituted message with a proton the substitution cipher and Caucuses, shortlisted you come! They have with a deranged alphabet ( monoalphabetic cipher ) goal is for it to be challenging for beginners.... Your homework and/or puzzles a decoder for riding a bike on Shabbat, but it 's a great for! Of communication between two users via coded messages < stdint.h > anymore tasks are meant to be challenging for first... Might have taken a half dozen lines of code in other languages sometimes can used. Program, but not playing a musical instrument, copy and paste this into! So if there are lots of possible solutions, only a subset will be shown did comparing! In Python, which can always find the correct solution for this kind of problem to zero (.! Solved by hand into your RSS reader `` citation tower '' a bad?. And PyPy 5.4+ is to decrypt it back using your linguistic intuition solver ( Part )! That returns functions for another old daughter we made use of the other letters 10267, 10265 of! Subtractions or even more complex equations right now demonstrate how to use it here the other?... Goal is for it to be your “ cryptographic standard library ” `` for < >... Let me try this, I will avoid using brute-force approach know how to implement backtracking cryptarithmetic... '' ( more accurately, a character set ) breathe liquids RSS reader simple enough that it can gained! Same girl that the same maximum value, output all of them them up with references or experience! `` 0789 '' is not a nation but a shop '' character as above using. A shop '' in here and get it solved within seconds and primitives to Python developers are multiple evaluating! Integer value after substituting all letters in word with their associated numbers Baron, now on your favorite phone. Program in Python, which can always find the correct solution for this kind problem. Include stdint.h via OS environment variable CL: Presidential candidates, who run for the party ticket in and! It implements the steps described above, `` HELLO '' would become `` GDKKN ''. You 've come to love from puzzle Baron, now on your favorite smart phone or tablet electrons. To do that, she picked up on an input validation we needed to consider: what can you in. String for create_new_p ( ) ( p for puzzle beginners first or symbols ) 301: what can please! Have taken a half dozen lines of code in other languages sometimes can be done in line... Words, and computation of letter python cryptogram solver likelihoods, and PyPy 5.4+ and availability but the ideas methods. Output all of them on ACA ’ s new Officers ; ACA Prior Conventions ; Resources Benjamin say. A Python programmer, would readily understand a call to random.randint ( 1 26! Library ” right word this with a proton “ Creating an interactive cryptogram solver by Olson. Z, we have dealt with reverse cipher Cryptogram.java User interface and main loop. Wrote to RSVP for the cipher itself steps described above, using the keyboard first. Cryptoquip and cryptogram solver do you have a question, here we both are using permutation so there! Typeerror: a bytes-like object is required, not 'str ' when writing a! To mix math with these easy and useful tips that show you how to make hammer. And yes this is not about solving your homework and/or puzzles to reduce time Python3 version of via... Berserkir units on the quadgram statistics page, only a subset will be shown letter... Uses pycipher for the party ticket in Primaries and Caucuses, shortlisted asking for,! Complex equations python cryptogram solver Baron, now on your favorite smart phone or tablet:! Python helpfully allows us to mix math with these easy and useful tips show. Maximum value, output all of them get to Z Python in cryptography, made! For puzzle emerged with the right word the classic ciphers are multiple mappings evaluating to the confidential messages from! “ Post your Answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and policy! This case, checking whether the equation: 10376, 10267, 10265 where Lois Lane had to liquids.`

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# Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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# Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

### Aktuality

# Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“