If you have collected more complete and complex data, you may have to consider using specific programs or tools that will help you manage your data. The design allows researchers to hone in on research methods that are suitable for the subject matter and set up their studies up for success. A systematic approach must be followed for accurate data. Research is ongoing to improve all areas of breast cancer, from prevention to treatment. He plans to continue looking at student achievement and how COVID-19 is affecting initial teacher identity formation. Inductive approaches are associated with qualitative research and deductive methods are more commonly associated with quantitative research. secondary research – such as looking for newly available literature. For example: finding a specific cure for a disease. Both methods have distinctive properties and data collection methods. Explore the list of features that QuestionPro has compared to Qualtrics and learn how you can get more, for less. All things being equal, the strength of nested case-control data falls somewhere between that of standard case-control studies and cohort studies. This method uses close-ended questions because the researchers are typically looking to gather statistical data. SMS survey software and tool offers robust features to create, manage and deploy survey with utmost ease. Some objectives to take into consideration for your business include: After identifying what you need to know, you should ask what research methods will offer you that information. Future research: Etchells hopes this research is just the beginning of investigating the impact of COVID-19 on the field of education. 1-877-465-66361-877 GO KOMEN, For breast health or breast cancer information, please call the Breast Care Helpline: 1-877-465-6636 or email@example.com, For clinical trial information, please call the Clinical Trial Information Helpline: 1-877-465-6636 or firstname.lastname@example.org, © 2021 Susan G. Komen is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Make a list of how you are going to carry out the research process, the data you need to collect, and collection methods. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three … Dallas, TX 75380, email@example.com Research must always be of high quality in order to produce knowledge that is applicable outside of the research setting. Existing data helps create more opportunities for research. In simple words, descriptive research is all about describing the phenomenon, observing it, and drawing conclusions from it. If a disease takes a long time to develop, you would have to follow a group of people for many years for cases of the disease to develop. Your plan will be influenced by the type and complexity of the information you need, the skills of your market research team, and how soon you need the information. The researchers compare the 2 groups to see if any exposure (such as alcohol use) was more common in the history of one group compared to the other. On the one hand it is useful, but on the other hand coping with this complex assignment is a problem linked to permanent time shortage and study loads placed on students. A research design is a step-by-step approach used by a researcher to conduct a scientific study. Real time, automated and robust enterprise survey software & tool to create surveys. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. Definition, steps, uses, and advantages, User Experience Research: Definition, types, steps, uses, and benefits, Market research vs. marketing research – Know the difference, Six reasons to choose an alternative to Alchemer, What is Gabor-Granger? This causes some concerns: For these reasons, the accuracy of the results of case-control studies can be questionable. Similar to cohort studies, they follow people over time and are expensive to do. The information that is obtained should be accurate and true to its nature. For example: an experiment to determine a simple fact. The study population might, for example, consist of all children under 2 years of age in a community. Study requirements are listed in the description of the study. What is Research: Definition. In a case-control study, researchers identify 2 groups: cases and controls. You can use this data to make smart decisions about your marketing strategies to position your business effectively. While animal studies can lay the groundwork for research in people, we need human studies to draw conclusions for people. All the patients are given a certain treatment and the outcomes of these patients are studied. Case study is a research methodology, typically seen in social and life sciences. They are easy and fairly inexpensive to conduct. Research usually means finding something new: a substance, a formula, or an invention. The overall quality of a study is important. In the Code of Federal Regulations (45 CFR 46.102 (d)) pertaining to the protection of human subjects research is defined as: “A systematic investigation (i.e., the gathering and analysis of information) designed to develop or … You should use statistical methods to estimate the feasibility of your sample size. A moderator’s experience in conducting the focus group plays an important role. Research Definition Research is a careful and detailed study into a specific problem, concern, or issue using the scientific method. It will also allow you to verify that your research accurately reflects the opinions of your clients and your market. A case study is an in-depth study of a particular research problem rather than a sweeping statistical survey or comprehensive comparative inquiry. A moderator is assigned to a focus group who facilitates the discussion amongst the group members. This type refers to the study that helps solve practical problems using scientific methods. Research is analytical in nature. Complete Likert Scale Questions, Examples and Surveys for 5, 7 and 9 point scales. They are a good way for researchers to study diseases that take a long time to develop. Research design is a plan to answer your research question. Research is usually a study into a very particular thing, whereas study has a broader definition. There are 2 types of observational studies: A prospective cohort study follows a large group of people forward in time. Employee survey software & tool to create, send and analyze employee surveys. Furthermore, when describing the steps undertaken while using a case study approach, this method of research allows the researcher to take a complex and broad topic, or phe… Many behaviors, such as smoking or heavy alcohol drinking, can’t be tested in this way because it isn’t ethical to assign people to a behavior known to be harmful. When it comes to sensitive topics (such as abortion), the cases (the people with the disease) may be much more likely to give complete information about their history than the controls (the people without the disease). Accurate – free of errors and including required details. Do not presume the results of your surveys. Research begins by asking the right questions and choosing an appropriate method to investigate the problem. Accuracy is measured in the instruments used, the calibrations of instruments or tools, and the final result of the experiment. Survey Research — The ultimate goal of survey research is to learn about a large population by deploying a. Descriptive Research — Descriptive research is a method which identifies the characteristics of an observed phenomenon and collects more information. 13770 Noel Road, Suite 801889 Timely – current and collected within an appropriate time frame. Research involves inductive and deductive methods.”. Please note that COVID-19 precautions are in place on the University of Pittsburgh campus. Epidemiology studies Epidemiology is the study of the patterns and causes of disease in people. Conduct a Literature Search. Case Study: Case study research is used to study an organization or an entity. One-to-one interviews need a researcher to prepare questions in advance. Qualitative research is heavily dependent on the experience of the researchers and the questions used to probe the sample. Research design and methods are different but closely related, because good research design ensures that the data you obtain will help you answer your research question more effectively. Results that rigorously reflect the opinions and needs of your clients will help you grow your sales and improve your operations. The data or knowledge that is derived is in real time from actual observations in natural settings. This is a non-statistical method. Focus Groups: Focus groups are small groups comprising of around 6-10 participants who are usually experts in the subject matter. Randomized controlled trials are considered the gold standard for studying certain exposures, such as breast cancer treatment. By thoroughly collecting data from customers through surveys and questionnaires, you get important insights into brand perception and product needs. So, literary research means finding something new within a literary work. It helps create in-depth understanding of problems or issues in their natural settings. Incorrect results can lead to customer churn and a decrease in sales. Inductive research methods are used to analyze an observed event. Your data needs to be representative of the target study population. If you have breast cancer, BreastCancerTrials.org in collaboration with Susan G. Komen® offers a custom matching service that can help find a studies that fit your needs. This will help you keep track of your processes and make sense of your findings. Cross-sectional studies are observational in nature and are known as descriptive research, not causal or relational, meaning that you can't use them to determine the cause of somethi… It is a non-commercial research that doesn’t facilitate in creating or inventing anything. Find ways to improve your products or services to suit the needs of your customers. For example, laboratories provide a controlled environment to collect data. What are the processes that need to be followed to chase the idea? In other words, this type of research relies solely on evidence obtained through observation or scientific data collection methods. Studies play an important role in solving issues that impact the overall well-being of humans. The following could be the probable causes: there is no optimum production, poor quality of a product, no advertising, or economic conditions. Leverage the mobile survey software & tool to collect online and offline data and analyze them on the go. Susan G. Komen Research methods are broadly classified as Qualitative and Quantitative. According to the American sociologist Earl Robert Babbie, “Research is a systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict, and control the observed phenomenon. For example, if 10 women with breast cancer are given a new treatment, and 2 of them respond, how do we know if the new treatment is better than standard treatment? Robust, automated and easy to use customer survey software & tool to create surveys, real-time data collection and robust analytics for valuable customer insights. A Brief History While a few studies of disease were done using a scientific approach as far back as the 14th Century, the era of modern health research started after World War II with early studies of antibiotics. Reliable – that can be reproduced by other people who investigate in the same way. In social studies, the case study is a research method in which a phenomenon is investigated in its real-life context. A researcher has a series of questions that … In the social and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a particular case. Research is a process to discover new knowledge. It can be hard for people to remember details about the past, especially when it comes to things like diet. Study is a synonym of research. Things to consider in your pilot study include: 1. Create a record table with: Remember, research is only valuable and useful when it is valid, accurate, and reliable. There are different types of research methods which use different tools for data collection. Participants are asked open-ended questions. Research is "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". If you’re interested in being part of other studies, talk with your health care provider. To obtain the results, you need to establish and follow the processes that you have detailed out for your organization: Consider the client’s objectives and define those that identify with yours. Cross-sectional studies are often used in developmental psychology, but this method is also utilized in many other areas including social science and education. There is no one definition of case study research.1 However, very simply… ‘a case study can be defined as an intensive study about a person, a group of people or a unit, which is aimed to generalize over several An experienced moderator can probe the participants by asking the correct questions that will help them collect a sizable amount of information related to the research. A case study is a research strategy and an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within its real-life context. Accuracy is one of the most important aspects of research. Get real-time analysis for employee satisfaction, engagement, work culture and map your employee experience from onboarding to exit! Review your conclusions and, based on what you know now: Choose some strategies that will help you improve your business, Creating a survey with QuestionPro is optimized for use on larger screens -. There is no comparison group in a patient series. what Komen is doing to help people find and participate in clinical trials, The strengths of the conclusions they reach. Review and interpret the information to draw conclusions. The term “problem” refers to multiple choices or issues when analyzing a situation. Your budget also plays a large role in your ability to collect data. What is research? With more data to analyze, you can obtain more accurate results. Learn more: What is Quantitative Research? 2. Various disciplines carry out research on a large scale, such researches involve a large sample and are time-consuming and costly. Research method is defined as the tools or instruments used to accomplish the goals and attributes of a study. This method not only helps a researcher understand what participants think but also why they think in a particular way. Plan to review the results of the research, and consider efficient strategies to analyze and dissect results for interpretation. Deductive methods are used to verify the observed event. Researchers compare the different groups (for example, they might compare heavy drinkers, moderate drinkers, light drinkers and non-drinkers) to see which group is more likely to develop an outcome (such as breast cancer). After collecting answers to your questions, you can analyze the findings or observations to draw appropriate conclusions. Make sure that you set smart goals and objectives. Online surveys, questionnaires, and polls are preferable data collection tools used in quantitative research. If you have questions or concerns about an upcoming research study visit, or if you have symptoms of COVID-19 or have been exposed to COVID-19, please contact the study team directly for additional information prior to your research study visit. Epidemiology is the study of the patterns and causes of disease in people. However, they use data gathered as part of a cohort study, so they are less prone to bias than standard case-control studies. Organize your questions within the framework of the 7 Ps of marketing that influence your company – product, price, promotion, place, people, processes, and physical tests. Sample size and selection. It uses a systematic way of investigating events or data. It is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of … For a successful career in science, you must understand the methodology behind any research and be aware of the correct protocols.Science has developed these guidelines over many years as the benchmark for measuring the validity of the results obtained.Failure to follow the guidelines will prevent your findings from being accepted and taken seriously. What is the evidence that will be required for people to believe in the idea or concept? However, compared to case-control studies, they are expensive to conduct. Unlike theoretical research that depends on preconceived notions about the rese… Prospective cohort studies avoid many of the problems of case-control studies because they gather information from people over time and before the events being studied happen. Get a clear view on the universal Net Promoter Score Formula, how to undertake Net Promoter Score Calculation followed by a simple Net Promoter Score Example. Quantitative methods deal with numbers and measurable forms. Selecting research area is the very first step in writing your dissertation. You should review the data and then: Review your goals before making any conclusions about your research. Learn what Komen is doing to help people find and participate in clinical trials. Look for gaps in the information, and consider doing additional research if necessary. Ethnographic Research: Ethnographic research is an in-depth form of research where people are observed in their natural environment without This method is demanding due to the necessity of a researcher entering a natural environment of other people. Valid – founded, logical, rigorous, and impartial. They often look at exposures in larger doses and for shorter periods of time than are suitable for people. If you do not have a large amount of data, you should be able to manage them with the use of basic tools available in survey software. Case studies are a popular research method in business area. To understand the characteristic of research design using research purpose here is a comparative analysis: Learn More: Primary Research – Examples, Methods and Purpose. During this time the researcher collects as many meaningful answers as possible from the participants to draw inferences. There is an in-depth analysis of all data collected so that there are no anomalies associated with it. Geographic locations can be a constraint as well. A well-organized customer research process produces valid, accurate, reliable, timely, and complete results. It is often used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one or a few easily researchable examples. You can also visit the National Institutes of Health’s website to find a breast cancer treatment study. This method involves a deep dive into ongoing research and collecting data. Know their preferences and understand what is important to them. Research design is the framework of research methods and techniques chosen by a researcher. Once you have gathered all the data, you can scan your information and interpret it to draw conclusions and make informed decisions. Create online polls, distribute them using email and multiple other options and start analyzing poll results. Evaluate a list of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that have been identified in a. Use the power of SMS to send surveys to your respondents at the click of a button. The goal of epidemiology studies is to give information that helps support or disprove an idea about a possible link between an exposure (such as alcohol use) and an outcome (such as breast cancer) in … Your provider may know of studies in your area looking for volunteers. Get actionable insights with real-time and automated survey data collection and powerful analytics! However, data from a patient series can help form hypotheses that can be tested in other types of studies. Prepare conclusions and recommendations about your research. This method is one of the most valuable options for modern This type of research is used in fields like the education sector, philosophical studies, and psychological studies. However, there are many differences between animals and people, so it makes it hard to translate findings directly from one to the other. Memories can be biased (or influenced) because the information is gathered after an event, such as the diagnosis of breast cancer. Problem oriented research: As the name suggests, problem-oriented research is conducted to understand the exact nature of a problem to find out relevant solutions. Definition, Methods, Questions and Examples. The main motivation is knowledge expansion. Case studies are used by teachers to see how students can apply received knowledge in daily situations. A careful consideration of study regarding a particular concern or problem using scientific methods. Find an appropriate way to make your customers aware of your products and services. It is important for you to choose research area that is interesting to you professionally, as well as, personally. There is no use of a tool if it is not being used efficiently. Learn more about joining a research study. Whether you’re newly diagnosed, finished breast cancer treatment many years ago, or even if you’ve never had breast cancer, there may be breast cancer research studies you can join. It’s an empirical inquiry and research strategy that is based on an in-depth investigation of a group, event, or individual to explore the underlying principles causes. Research involves inductive and deductive methods.”. A nested case-control study is a case-control study within a prospective cohort study. In these cases, researchers must use observational studies. Real-time, automated and advanced market research survey software & tool to create surveys, collect data and analyze results for actionable market insights. Market research is a way that producers and the marketplace study the consumer and gather information about the consumers' needs. The goal of epidemiology studies is to give information that helps support or disprove an idea about a possible link between an exposure (such as alcohol use) and an outcome (such as breast cancer) in people. Factors that can be investigated through market research include: In a randomized controlled trial on exercise and breast cancer risk, half the participants might be randomly assigned to walk 10 minutes a day and the other half to walk 2 hours a day. Use the community survey software & tool to create and manage a robust online community for market research. Adopt an approach, and choose the method of data analysis based on the methods you have carried out. All data presented within this section of the website come from studies done with people. A research project may be an expansion on past work in the field. It involves the collection, organization, and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. Primary Research – Examples, Methods and Purpose, Instant Answers: High-Frequency Research with Slack integration, What is marketing research? There are various methods of deploying surveys or questionnaires. Reviewing literature has two major purposes: one is to build up the … If no women in the comparison group responded to standard treatment, then the 2 women who responded to the new treatment would represent a success of the new treatment. Keep track of the frequency with which each of the main findings appears. a strategy that directs a researcher in planning and implementing a study in a way that is most likely to achieve the intended goal. As verbs the difference between study and research is that study is (usually|academic) to revise materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination while research is to search or examine with continued … Whether your research is a clinical trial of a medical treatment or a survey in the form of a questionnaire, you want your study to be informative and add value to your research field. If you’re interested in learning more about research study design, a basic epidemiology textbook from your local library may be a good place to start. It includes various methods and techniques to conduct research so that a research problem can be handled efficiently. Learn everything about Likert Scale with corresponding example for each question and survey demonstrations. If we had a comparison group of 10 women with breast cancer who got standard treatment, we could compare their outcomes to those of the 10 women on the new treatment. There are various method and techniques, whether scientific or not, that are chosen as suitable to carry out the research. If, however, 2 of the 10 women in the standard treatment group also responded, then the new treatment is no better than the standard. Unlike qualitative methods, this method uses a computational and statistical process to collect and analyze data. There are three methods that are often used by researchers: To choose the appropriate types of research, you need to clearly identify the objectives. Empirical research is a type of research methodology that makes use of verifiable evidence in order to arrive at research outcomes. Using email and multiple other options and start analyzing Poll results often used in developmental psychology, but method. The field area that is obtained should be accurate and true to its nature study may implications. Observing it, and polls are preferable data collection methods or issues when a! 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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás
„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.
Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.
Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.
Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.
Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.
Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny
V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.
„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.
Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.
Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS
Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.
„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.
Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“
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echo pb 580t bogging down
Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás
Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny
Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS
Protesty před domem Kaczyńského, může za všechno
- Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás 19.11.2020„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz […]Jaromír Piskoř
- Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny 30.10.2020V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki. „S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, […]Jaromír Piskoř
- Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS 27.10.2020Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň. „Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku […]Jaromír Piskoř