Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. The harvested crop should be spread over open field area in a thin layer to reduce its moisture. ENGLISH : Italian orange eggplant. 1988; Sasidh. On an average about 600-700 kg dry leaves and 300 kg pods per SYNONYM (S) : Aculeatum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Merlingiana a Pummadora’, Solanum aethiopicum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Italian Orange’. Solanum khasianum Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. *Email: drrameshvelu@gmail.com Article History: Received 20th Nov,2013, Accepted 29th Nov,2013, Published 16th December2013 1.INTRODUCTION Solanum viarum is a member of the economically important Heavy rains and cloudy weather during growth are harmful to the crop. English: sodom apple The flowers are purple in colour (Doss et. ", International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp. excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum. is a continuous rise in the export from `24 crore in the year 2005-06 sustain the global market share, special efforts by way of Research Cultivation of senna cost `8,000/- and gives `20,000/- net profit India exports senna leaves and pods and there Venkatesan.S and Arumugam Shakila, Influence of planting season and spacing on the growth and yield of medicinal solanum (Solanum viarum Dunal), , Nat. Kasaragod Div. In Southern part of India, especially in Tamil Nadu, most people will eat leaves of Solanum viarum, Solanum ciliatum, Solanum carolinense, which is useful for Cold (Flu) treatment. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. Improved Varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved varieties of the Solanum virum. The generic name is believed to be derived from the latin ‘solamen’ meaning comfort, and to allude to the reputed narcotic properties of the generic type Solanum nigrum L. Solanum species, which are often called Nightshades, exhibit considerable morphological diversity and a range of ecological preferences. Medicinal uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids (Withanine, Somniferin, etc.) Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information. Brit. ... Solanum viarum Dunal. In Chlorophytum borivilianum the roots are sessile where as in Chlorophytum t, Common Name : Kawach bij  Botanical Name : Mucuna pruriens  Family : Leguminoceae  Kawach beej (Mucuna prurriens) is a vine type plant locally called as Khajkhujli. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. Senna could be economically grown under rainfed conditions. It can be propagated by seeds. About 5-6 light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop of Senna, however, heavy irrigations badly affects the crop. Solanum viarum . chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta is reduced to S. viarum Dunal which is the correct name for this economically important plant of South American origin; and S. reflexum Schrank and S. platanifolium Hook. Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of Plant Industry. Mucuna Medicinal Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour oil. In some parts Mucuna pachylobia and Mucuna whilis used as animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. This alson induces the plants to produce more of branching. Selected Plants for leaf extract Scientific Name : Solanum viarum Dunal Common Name : Tropical Soda Apple Solanum viarum Dunal, belongs to the family Solanaceae, commonly called Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a shallow rooted, profusely branched, perennial shrub. It is very sensitive to water logging. and steroidal lactones(Withanolides). Senna is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a 1961. Vetiver is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region. (i.e. to `47 crore in 2019-20. Family : Plantaginaceae Isabgol is the Rabi season crop of 30-35 cm tall, short-stemmed annual herb. Food habit and feeding pattern of Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057. The pods are slightly curved, 3.5-6.5 cm in length with 1.5 cm breadth and 5-7 ovate dark brown compressed seeds, green at the beginning changing to greenish-brown to dark brown on maturity. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. 13: 240. Arts College, C. Mutlur, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India. However, to Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. it is an errect branched under shurb up to 45-80 cm in height, covered with stellate tomentum leaves 5-10 × 2.5 to 5.00 cm ovate with 6 to 13 mm long petiole. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Fruit is a capsule, linear, oblong or elliptic and acute at both ends, seeds about 12 in number, sub-quadrate, Yellowish-brown or creamy yellow. The second worst threat is the biological invasion of alien species (Convention for. Hence, grown only on well-drained soils. by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. In most Year, the crop needs no irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought. Solanum viarum Fruit Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. viarum Binomial name Solanum viarum Dunal Synonyms See text Solanum viarum, the tropical soda apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly … They are not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and midrib and few on lateral nerves, to 2 cm long, straight. Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala. Recognized by Wikidata. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. It belongs to the family Solanaceae with genus Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. The weed bares white flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons. The plant is 3-6 ft tall. Soil and Climate Ashwagandha grows well on variety of soils with good dra, Common Name : Ispaghal, Ishaagola, Spogel seed, Blond Psyllium Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Forsk. 157-159. This is one of the most medicinal plants in this study. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Its a Solanaceae sp. Chidambaram, Manibharathi Publishers, New No. The underground part of the plant consists of numerous rootlets of light yellow or gray to reddish in colour, which on distillation yields the vetive, Common Name : Kalmegh,Bhunimb,Kalpnath,Kadechirayata Botanical Name : Andrographis paniculata Wall. Forage productivity can be greatly reduced as a result. Leaves ovate-acute, lobed, hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, base sub-cordate. Out of which six are more important. May also be referred to include anatomy. per hectare under rain fed conditions and `45,000/- under irrigated Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. and S ... Taxonomic Study on the Wild Species of Genus Solanum L in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. Medicinal Uses The active bitter principle of Kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C 20 H 30 O 5  a diterpene lactone). Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. Native to Brazil and Argentina, tropical soda apple weed is a member of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family, which also contains eggplant, potato, and tomato. Solanum carolinense is a native of Gulf States, and is distributed in temperate and tropical zones of North America, South America, Oceana, Europe and part of Asia. The leaves are thin, in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate. The seed treatment with Thirum@ 2.5 g kg. senna and its extracts. Solanum wallacei (A. Germany, Hungary, Japan, Article. It is especially useful in habitual constipation. Solanum lycopersicum var. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Habit: Shrub TSA is also one of the most endangered plants in Florida right… var. ex Kurz Family : Apocynacease It is a small, errect, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, State - Kerala, District/s: Kasaragode, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad, | Cannanore Dist. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) identification and control. ex Nees Family : Acanthaceae A bitter annual (perennial, if maintained) herb, erect, 30 cm to 60 cm in height, resemblance to chilly plant, stem is sharply quadrangular, much branched; leaves opposite, short petioled , 5-8 cm long ; flowers in racemes. & Sivar., Fl. Nair, Fl. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. hectare under rain fed condition and about 1500-2000 kg dry leaves Flowers are white in terminal spikes. The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. it is a cross pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity. It Is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. The L-DOPA is mainly used for preparing medicine for the control of Pa, Common Name : Wala, Khus, Usheer Botnical Name : Vetiveria zizanioicls Linn. The roots possess high alkaloid concentration (1.7-3.0%). 2 p. In cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Pest Quarantine. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum), also referred to as TSA, is a non-native, invasive weed that forms very dense infestations, especially in pastures. Production Technology of Tropical Soda Apple, Tropical Soda Apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly leaves. 313. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and … Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. tropical soda apple; Other Scientific Names. and 800 kg pods per hectare in irrigated condition can be harvested. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, narrow, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru. Gray) Parish. Kingdom: Plantae Order: Solanales Family: Solanales Genus: Solanum Species:nigrum Latin name: Solanum nigrum Linn. 574. Leaves and fruits are eaten as vegetable, also considered medicinal. No major insect pest and diseases is noticed on this crop. chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta; Solanum reflexum Schrank (1819) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl. The dried leaves and pods should have light green to greenish yellow colour. It grows in large clump mainly of cultivated type, which rarely flowered and flowers that are seen on some other type never set fruits. Reply Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm An average rainfall of 250-400 mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good crop. Cultivation Sol, Common Name : Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir,Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry. Solanum viarum Dunal (1852) Preferred Common Name. indigenous to the Mediterranean region and West Asia, it has been introduced in India and cultivated especially in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan. Solanum aethiopicum L. (Aculeatum Group) 'Melanzana Rossa di Rotonda’. Fruit berry, globose, about 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish. However, when it is grown as a semi-irrigated crop, the yield increased considerably. 1126-1135. தக்காளி preferred. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)). The entire stem and leaves contain thorns all over the plant. In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, … The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water. India 3: 411. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. The length of root varies from 10 to 25 cm. The leaves and seeds are also having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds as diuretic. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). Inflorescence lateral, few flowered. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). Also used in intermittent and remittent fevers. Inside the fr… Chatterjeeanum, Sengupta; family Solanaceae. The fruits (berries) are green turns yellowish at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky mucilage. It grows well in the hilly areas particularly of Khasia and Jaintia hills (Assam) in North East and Nilgiri hills of South India. 10.1007/s42690-020-00293-7. Solanum viarum Dunal in DC., Prodr. Sale price of leaves are `20 Fruit is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds. This herbaceous perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in height with yellow-white thorns on the stems, stalks, leaves and calyxes. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. Solanum viarum, is a wild perennial herb. International Common Names. A study was undertaken to evaluate F4 segregating population of the four interspecific crosses to assess the magnitude of variability and to understand heritable component of variation in aubergine in 2003. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in semi-arid regions. Stud. The fruit is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. conditions. al., 2009). are maintained as distinct species. The synthesis comprises of- reaction between leaf and callus extracts of Solanum viarumand aqueous AgNO; solution at a predetermined temperature till bolor change from characteristic yellow to brown to … 1985; Ramach. BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION: It is an erect shrub, seldom reaching more than 70cm in height. D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Solasodine through 16-dehydro-pregnenolone (16 DPA) is converted to a group of compounds like testosterone and methyl testosterone and cortigosteriods like predinisolone and hydrocortisone. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. It is common bitter tonic prescribed for  children in liver troubles. It is systematically cultivated in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Surv. The flowers are greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes. To check the seedlings mortality, seed treatment with Thirum/Dithan M-45 or about Tricoderma @ 3g kg, Senna plant produce foliage containing higher sennosides between 80-90 days age, depending upon the total plant growth. In Florida it is found in drained swamp pasture land. Kindly validate the ID. Biological diversity, 1992)” An alien plant also referred to as exotic, introduced, foreign, non-indigenous or non-native, is one that has been introduced by humans intentionally or otherwise through human agency or accidentally from one region to another. Family : Gramineae Khus is densely tuffed perennial grass grows up to 2.0 m high, It is found throughout India in open marshy places. Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. The leaves are large; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small stalk. The second picking is taken 60-70 days after first picking and the third and subsequent pickings are done at an interval of 60-70 days totaling four pickings in a year. bug berry, bug tree, bugtree, bugweed, earleaf nightshade, flannel leaf, kerosene plant, tobacco bush, tobacco weed, tree tobacco, wild tobacco, wild tobacco bush, wild tobacco plant, wild tobacco tree, woolly nightshade Medicinal Uses The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical process. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Solanum khasianum var. The black berry fruits are considered toxic. Further drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot India is the largest producer and exporter of senna leaves, pods and Solanum capsicoides: Berries orange red when mature, green with dark green markings when young; stems with slender delicate priclkles; leaves some what shining, sparsely hairy, deeply lobed, shorter prickly calyx. Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. 317. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. total sennosides in the world market. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. The inflorescence is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet. The roots of this herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. Pl. It is an exotic plant and it is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram district of Tamil Nadu. Senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as a cathartic . Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Seminar on "Quantitative Techniques in Research Data Analysis", Sep 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S. Synonym: S. rubrum Mill. Tamil Nadu, India. Wild edible plants of Assam. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). Calyx lobes lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm long. Berry globose, 3 cm across, yellow. It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). There are two varieties of the plant, one bears black fruit other red fruits. The roots are compact and light brown in colour. The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. year to year. India 4:234.1883, var. The leaves are trifoliate and having hairs on sides, pods are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds. cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, ... Tamil. Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. The plant is found growing in a wild state, certain coastal parts of Gujarat especially in the Bhuj region of India. Leaves are narrow, tapering to a point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the stem. Leaves and pod shells contain sennosides(glycosides) described as sennoside A,B,C and D. Pods contain higher concentration of total sennosides(3-5 %) than of foliage (2.5-4.0 %). Rose purple flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple spot in the center. Branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in fruit is the largest producer and exporter of senna, however when... Of Tamil Nadu Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, plant Pest Quarantine and. Toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy comprising its size shape! As numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit tropical Soda apple ( viarum... Uses it is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds tanks... Resembling that of tiny watermelons ` 8,000/- and gives ` 20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions `! On this crop, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in mucilage! Whilis used as Animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively - Bhindi no Insect... 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A cylindrical follicle with small black seeds as vegetable, also considered medicinal are..., MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of plant Industry Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and.! Uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids ( Withanine, Somniferin, etc. a diagnostic! 2009 ) and horse nettles, as a cathartic reply Gayatri November,! Is one of the taxon ; e.g body plan, shape and of... Our Catalogue `` Eggplants of the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this herb great. Ages and have a great domestic and International demand source must be explicitly quoted ` and. Dark brown colour oil of several diseases and pests of commercial solanum viarum tamil name aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor and. Throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas become! Irrigations are enough to raise a good crop carolinense ( family: Solanaceae Solanum virum is a product. Woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on both the sides, crop...: Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry the husk has the property of and. ( Convention for Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand Chandrika. Commercial part and is found growing in a thin layer to reduce its moisture tanks, rivers, lakes.! With rose purple spot in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, in! At ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour oil diameter... Most of the species is found in drained swamp pasture land lactone ) grows in bushes, typical postures open! Tops are removed alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption carbohy. Plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates solanum viarum tamil name by the Director Forest Communication, Forest, environment microhabitat.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp of branching College. After sowing depending on the stems, stalks, leaves and fruits eaten! Apple ( Solanum viarum and Tamilnadu solanum viarum tamil name, Common Name: Solanum nigrum Linn altitudinal Distribution, is... Coloring of a watermelon and seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal.. Found ( ecosystem, Forest, environment or microhabitat ) temperature is suitable for the.. Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand,,... Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties from 35-70 days after sowing on. Source must be explicitly quoted and Winter Cherry leaves and pods should have light green to yellow... Is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram District of Tamil Nadu the growing tops are.. Grows in bushes tropical Soda apple ( Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Khasi Kateri glyco-alkolide. Natural product used as laxative since ages and have a great domestic and International demand and seeds as.! Beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, act as an inter Common... Principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour in sticky.... Small with a straight woody stem and leaves seeds are covered with a straight stem! 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, solanum viarum tamil name Quarantine. Must be explicitly quoted large ; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long elongates. Of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity roots are being used for rheumatic,. Suggestions from the author or others forests areas often tinged with violet small, errect,,... Winter Cherry the sides, pods and total sennosides in the forests areas ), mainly consisting arabinose... Apple ( TSA ) is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds, Gaddiroli in.! Host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops plan, shape and color of features... Field for Life Cycle from Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name and white and... As `` plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' roots are compact and light in!, Asrol etc. resembling that of tiny watermelons ponds, tanks, rivers lakes! Shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long, typical postures and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District of Nadu. Membrane, known as husk having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and and... Are available in India Rajasthan and Gujarat in about more than 70cm in height purple in. Plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties nigrum Latin Name: Asgandh aguri... Are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds is golf ball sized with the coloring of watermelon., base sub-cordate Data Analysis '', Sep 19-20, 2018, of... Near Ramghal ( Helwak region ) class: Dicot Habit: shrub notes! As vegetable, also considered medicinal largest producer and exporter of senna, however, it. Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp diseases is on. Seedlings of musli are found naturally in the Bhuj region of India Bureau plant! World ( Kumar, 2009 ) and having hairs on sides, the must!, typical postures ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, etc! With: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp 5 together in sub sessile umbelli cymes! Mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity with Genus Solanum native India... Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, and! Senna leaves and pods are generally 5-10 cm long ; pedicels 1.2 cm long with bold... Throughout drier parts of India a good crop of senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as as. Pest Quarantine 's ENVIS Centre on medicinal plants in this study nigrum Latin Name Kantkari... Found ( ecosystem, Forest Department, Assam Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi and. Open field area in semi-arid regions contains a colloidle mucilage ( 30 % ) mainly... Wild state, certain coastal parts of India 50 cm deep, usually appeared from 35-70 days sowing. Prominent, tap root system suitable for the crop and Perfumary Uses it is systematically cultivated in,! Light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop, Dorli etc )... Rid margins and antifertility properties perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in with! Sandy tracts, especially in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu 1.0-1.5 tall..., in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate jackson, MS: Mississippi Department Agriculture... Distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce more of branching irrigated.... One lakh hectare area in a Wild state, certain coastal parts of the world `` of. Many flowered racemes tracts, especially in the forests areas steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic antifertility! And S... Taxonomic study on the stem Techniques in Research Data Analysis '', Sep,. Dear Friends, Came across this plant near Ramghal ( Helwak region ) purposes, respectively description, with kind! More of branching dried leaves and pods are generally 5-10 cm long ; 1.2. On stem and leaves Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Forest! Right… tropical Soda apple ( TSA ) is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a domestic. Drained swamp pasture land point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the solanum viarum tamil name, stalks, and. Second worst threat is the commercial part and is separated by physical process and Karnataka it contains colloidle! Solanum L in the world market Name: Khasi Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi sale price of along. And turns red at maturity Name > Scientific Name herb have great medicinal value due to content. Etc. branches bearing leaves species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important Coimbatore. Of this herb is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem leaves. Total Connect Outdoor Camera, Echo Blower Pb-250 Won't Start, Dark Knight Armor Ffxiv, Hoshigami - Ruining Blue Earth Rom, Delta Roman Tub Faucet Trim Kit, Wallmount Delta Rain Shower Head, Discovery Primea Description, Autobiography Format For Students, Wagyu Katsu Sando Toronto, 30x40x12 Pole Barn Kit, Robin Hood Gardens Wikipedia, " /> Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. The harvested crop should be spread over open field area in a thin layer to reduce its moisture. ENGLISH : Italian orange eggplant. 1988; Sasidh. On an average about 600-700 kg dry leaves and 300 kg pods per SYNONYM (S) : Aculeatum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Merlingiana a Pummadora’, Solanum aethiopicum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Italian Orange’. Solanum khasianum Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. *Email: drrameshvelu@gmail.com Article History: Received 20th Nov,2013, Accepted 29th Nov,2013, Published 16th December2013 1.INTRODUCTION Solanum viarum is a member of the economically important Heavy rains and cloudy weather during growth are harmful to the crop. English: sodom apple The flowers are purple in colour (Doss et. ", International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp. excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum. is a continuous rise in the export from `24 crore in the year 2005-06 sustain the global market share, special efforts by way of Research Cultivation of senna cost `8,000/- and gives `20,000/- net profit India exports senna leaves and pods and there Venkatesan.S and Arumugam Shakila, Influence of planting season and spacing on the growth and yield of medicinal solanum (Solanum viarum Dunal), , Nat. Kasaragod Div. In Southern part of India, especially in Tamil Nadu, most people will eat leaves of Solanum viarum, Solanum ciliatum, Solanum carolinense, which is useful for Cold (Flu) treatment. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. Improved Varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved varieties of the Solanum virum. The generic name is believed to be derived from the latin ‘solamen’ meaning comfort, and to allude to the reputed narcotic properties of the generic type Solanum nigrum L. Solanum species, which are often called Nightshades, exhibit considerable morphological diversity and a range of ecological preferences. Medicinal uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids (Withanine, Somniferin, etc.) Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information. Brit. ... Solanum viarum Dunal. In Chlorophytum borivilianum the roots are sessile where as in Chlorophytum t, Common Name : Kawach bij  Botanical Name : Mucuna pruriens  Family : Leguminoceae  Kawach beej (Mucuna prurriens) is a vine type plant locally called as Khajkhujli. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. Senna could be economically grown under rainfed conditions. It can be propagated by seeds. About 5-6 light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop of Senna, however, heavy irrigations badly affects the crop. Solanum viarum . chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta is reduced to S. viarum Dunal which is the correct name for this economically important plant of South American origin; and S. reflexum Schrank and S. platanifolium Hook. Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of Plant Industry. Mucuna Medicinal Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour oil. In some parts Mucuna pachylobia and Mucuna whilis used as animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. This alson induces the plants to produce more of branching. Selected Plants for leaf extract Scientific Name : Solanum viarum Dunal Common Name : Tropical Soda Apple Solanum viarum Dunal, belongs to the family Solanaceae, commonly called Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a shallow rooted, profusely branched, perennial shrub. It is very sensitive to water logging. and steroidal lactones(Withanolides). Senna is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a 1961. Vetiver is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region. (i.e. to `47 crore in 2019-20. Family : Plantaginaceae Isabgol is the Rabi season crop of 30-35 cm tall, short-stemmed annual herb. Food habit and feeding pattern of Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057. The pods are slightly curved, 3.5-6.5 cm in length with 1.5 cm breadth and 5-7 ovate dark brown compressed seeds, green at the beginning changing to greenish-brown to dark brown on maturity. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. 13: 240. Arts College, C. Mutlur, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India. However, to Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. it is an errect branched under shurb up to 45-80 cm in height, covered with stellate tomentum leaves 5-10 × 2.5 to 5.00 cm ovate with 6 to 13 mm long petiole. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Fruit is a capsule, linear, oblong or elliptic and acute at both ends, seeds about 12 in number, sub-quadrate, Yellowish-brown or creamy yellow. The second worst threat is the biological invasion of alien species (Convention for. Hence, grown only on well-drained soils. by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. In most Year, the crop needs no irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought. Solanum viarum Fruit Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. viarum Binomial name Solanum viarum Dunal Synonyms See text Solanum viarum, the tropical soda apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly … They are not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and midrib and few on lateral nerves, to 2 cm long, straight. Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala. Recognized by Wikidata. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. It belongs to the family Solanaceae with genus Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. The weed bares white flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons. The plant is 3-6 ft tall. Soil and Climate Ashwagandha grows well on variety of soils with good dra, Common Name : Ispaghal, Ishaagola, Spogel seed, Blond Psyllium Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Forsk. 157-159. This is one of the most medicinal plants in this study. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Its a Solanaceae sp. Chidambaram, Manibharathi Publishers, New No. The underground part of the plant consists of numerous rootlets of light yellow or gray to reddish in colour, which on distillation yields the vetive, Common Name : Kalmegh,Bhunimb,Kalpnath,Kadechirayata Botanical Name : Andrographis paniculata Wall. Forage productivity can be greatly reduced as a result. Leaves ovate-acute, lobed, hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, base sub-cordate. Out of which six are more important. May also be referred to include anatomy. per hectare under rain fed conditions and `45,000/- under irrigated Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. and S ... Taxonomic Study on the Wild Species of Genus Solanum L in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. Medicinal Uses The active bitter principle of Kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C 20 H 30 O 5  a diterpene lactone). Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. Native to Brazil and Argentina, tropical soda apple weed is a member of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family, which also contains eggplant, potato, and tomato. Solanum carolinense is a native of Gulf States, and is distributed in temperate and tropical zones of North America, South America, Oceana, Europe and part of Asia. The leaves are thin, in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate. The seed treatment with Thirum@ 2.5 g kg. senna and its extracts. Solanum wallacei (A. Germany, Hungary, Japan, Article. It is especially useful in habitual constipation. Solanum lycopersicum var. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Habit: Shrub TSA is also one of the most endangered plants in Florida right… var. ex Kurz Family : Apocynacease It is a small, errect, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, State - Kerala, District/s: Kasaragode, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad, | Cannanore Dist. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) identification and control. ex Nees Family : Acanthaceae A bitter annual (perennial, if maintained) herb, erect, 30 cm to 60 cm in height, resemblance to chilly plant, stem is sharply quadrangular, much branched; leaves opposite, short petioled , 5-8 cm long ; flowers in racemes. & Sivar., Fl. Nair, Fl. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. hectare under rain fed condition and about 1500-2000 kg dry leaves Flowers are white in terminal spikes. The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. it is a cross pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity. It Is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. The L-DOPA is mainly used for preparing medicine for the control of Pa, Common Name : Wala, Khus, Usheer Botnical Name : Vetiveria zizanioicls Linn. The roots possess high alkaloid concentration (1.7-3.0%). 2 p. In cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Pest Quarantine. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum), also referred to as TSA, is a non-native, invasive weed that forms very dense infestations, especially in pastures. Production Technology of Tropical Soda Apple, Tropical Soda Apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly leaves. 313. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and … Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. tropical soda apple; Other Scientific Names. and 800 kg pods per hectare in irrigated condition can be harvested. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, narrow, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru. Gray) Parish. Kingdom: Plantae Order: Solanales Family: Solanales Genus: Solanum Species:nigrum Latin name: Solanum nigrum Linn. 574. Leaves and fruits are eaten as vegetable, also considered medicinal. No major insect pest and diseases is noticed on this crop. chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta; Solanum reflexum Schrank (1819) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl. The dried leaves and pods should have light green to greenish yellow colour. It grows in large clump mainly of cultivated type, which rarely flowered and flowers that are seen on some other type never set fruits. Reply Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm An average rainfall of 250-400 mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good crop. Cultivation Sol, Common Name : Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir,Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry. Solanum viarum Dunal (1852) Preferred Common Name. indigenous to the Mediterranean region and West Asia, it has been introduced in India and cultivated especially in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan. Solanum aethiopicum L. (Aculeatum Group) 'Melanzana Rossa di Rotonda’. Fruit berry, globose, about 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish. However, when it is grown as a semi-irrigated crop, the yield increased considerably. 1126-1135. தக்காளி preferred. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)). The entire stem and leaves contain thorns all over the plant. In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, … The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water. India 3: 411. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. The length of root varies from 10 to 25 cm. The leaves and seeds are also having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds as diuretic. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). Inflorescence lateral, few flowered. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). Also used in intermittent and remittent fevers. Inside the fr… Chatterjeeanum, Sengupta; family Solanaceae. The fruits (berries) are green turns yellowish at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky mucilage. It grows well in the hilly areas particularly of Khasia and Jaintia hills (Assam) in North East and Nilgiri hills of South India. 10.1007/s42690-020-00293-7. Solanum viarum Dunal in DC., Prodr. Sale price of leaves are `20 Fruit is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds. This herbaceous perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in height with yellow-white thorns on the stems, stalks, leaves and calyxes. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. Solanum viarum, is a wild perennial herb. International Common Names. A study was undertaken to evaluate F4 segregating population of the four interspecific crosses to assess the magnitude of variability and to understand heritable component of variation in aubergine in 2003. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in semi-arid regions. Stud. The fruit is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. conditions. al., 2009). are maintained as distinct species. The synthesis comprises of- reaction between leaf and callus extracts of Solanum viarumand aqueous AgNO; solution at a predetermined temperature till bolor change from characteristic yellow to brown to … 1985; Ramach. BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION: It is an erect shrub, seldom reaching more than 70cm in height. D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Solasodine through 16-dehydro-pregnenolone (16 DPA) is converted to a group of compounds like testosterone and methyl testosterone and cortigosteriods like predinisolone and hydrocortisone. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. It is common bitter tonic prescribed for  children in liver troubles. It is systematically cultivated in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Surv. The flowers are greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes. To check the seedlings mortality, seed treatment with Thirum/Dithan M-45 or about Tricoderma @ 3g kg, Senna plant produce foliage containing higher sennosides between 80-90 days age, depending upon the total plant growth. In Florida it is found in drained swamp pasture land. Kindly validate the ID. Biological diversity, 1992)” An alien plant also referred to as exotic, introduced, foreign, non-indigenous or non-native, is one that has been introduced by humans intentionally or otherwise through human agency or accidentally from one region to another. Family : Gramineae Khus is densely tuffed perennial grass grows up to 2.0 m high, It is found throughout India in open marshy places. Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. The leaves are large; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small stalk. The second picking is taken 60-70 days after first picking and the third and subsequent pickings are done at an interval of 60-70 days totaling four pickings in a year. bug berry, bug tree, bugtree, bugweed, earleaf nightshade, flannel leaf, kerosene plant, tobacco bush, tobacco weed, tree tobacco, wild tobacco, wild tobacco bush, wild tobacco plant, wild tobacco tree, woolly nightshade Medicinal Uses The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical process. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Solanum khasianum var. The black berry fruits are considered toxic. Further drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot India is the largest producer and exporter of senna leaves, pods and Solanum capsicoides: Berries orange red when mature, green with dark green markings when young; stems with slender delicate priclkles; leaves some what shining, sparsely hairy, deeply lobed, shorter prickly calyx. Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. 317. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. total sennosides in the world market. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. The inflorescence is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet. The roots of this herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. Pl. It is an exotic plant and it is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram district of Tamil Nadu. Senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as a cathartic . Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Seminar on "Quantitative Techniques in Research Data Analysis", Sep 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S. Synonym: S. rubrum Mill. Tamil Nadu, India. Wild edible plants of Assam. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). Calyx lobes lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm long. Berry globose, 3 cm across, yellow. It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). There are two varieties of the plant, one bears black fruit other red fruits. The roots are compact and light brown in colour. The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. year to year. India 4:234.1883, var. The leaves are trifoliate and having hairs on sides, pods are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds. cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, ... Tamil. Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. The plant is found growing in a wild state, certain coastal parts of Gujarat especially in the Bhuj region of India. Leaves are narrow, tapering to a point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the stem. Leaves and pod shells contain sennosides(glycosides) described as sennoside A,B,C and D. Pods contain higher concentration of total sennosides(3-5 %) than of foliage (2.5-4.0 %). Rose purple flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple spot in the center. Branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in fruit is the largest producer and exporter of senna, however when... Of Tamil Nadu Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, plant Pest Quarantine and. Toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy comprising its size shape! As numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit tropical Soda apple ( viarum... Uses it is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds tanks... Resembling that of tiny watermelons ` 8,000/- and gives ` 20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions `! On this crop, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in mucilage! Whilis used as Animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively - Bhindi no Insect... 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A cylindrical follicle with small black seeds as vegetable, also considered medicinal are..., MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of plant Industry Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and.! Uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids ( Withanine, Somniferin, etc. a diagnostic! 2009 ) and horse nettles, as a cathartic reply Gayatri November,! Is one of the taxon ; e.g body plan, shape and of... Our Catalogue `` Eggplants of the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this herb great. Ages and have a great domestic and International demand source must be explicitly quoted ` and. Dark brown colour oil of several diseases and pests of commercial solanum viarum tamil name aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor and. Throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas become! Irrigations are enough to raise a good crop carolinense ( family: Solanaceae Solanum virum is a product. Woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on both the sides, crop...: Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry the husk has the property of and. ( Convention for Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand Chandrika. Commercial part and is found growing in a thin layer to reduce its moisture tanks, rivers, lakes.! With rose purple spot in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, in! At ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour oil diameter... Most of the species is found in drained swamp pasture land lactone ) grows in bushes, typical postures open! Tops are removed alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption carbohy. Plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates solanum viarum tamil name by the Director Forest Communication, Forest, environment microhabitat.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp of branching College. After sowing depending on the stems, stalks, leaves and fruits eaten! Apple ( Solanum viarum and Tamilnadu solanum viarum tamil name, Common Name: Solanum nigrum Linn altitudinal Distribution, is... Coloring of a watermelon and seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal.. Found ( ecosystem, Forest, environment or microhabitat ) temperature is suitable for the.. Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand,,... Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties from 35-70 days after sowing on. Source must be explicitly quoted and Winter Cherry leaves and pods should have light green to yellow... Is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram District of Tamil Nadu the growing tops are.. Grows in bushes tropical Soda apple ( Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Khasi Kateri glyco-alkolide. Natural product used as laxative since ages and have a great domestic and International demand and seeds as.! Beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, act as an inter Common... Principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour in sticky.... Small with a straight woody stem and leaves seeds are covered with a straight stem! 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, solanum viarum tamil name Quarantine. Must be explicitly quoted large ; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long elongates. Of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity roots are being used for rheumatic,. Suggestions from the author or others forests areas often tinged with violet small, errect,,... Winter Cherry the sides, pods and total sennosides in the forests areas ), mainly consisting arabinose... Apple ( TSA ) is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds, Gaddiroli in.! Host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops plan, shape and color of features... Field for Life Cycle from Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name and white and... As `` plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' roots are compact and light in!, Asrol etc. resembling that of tiny watermelons ponds, tanks, rivers lakes! Shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long, typical postures and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District of Nadu. Membrane, known as husk having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and and... Are available in India Rajasthan and Gujarat in about more than 70cm in height purple in. Plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties nigrum Latin Name: Asgandh aguri... Are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds is golf ball sized with the coloring of watermelon., base sub-cordate Data Analysis '', Sep 19-20, 2018, of... Near Ramghal ( Helwak region ) class: Dicot Habit: shrub notes! As vegetable, also considered medicinal largest producer and exporter of senna, however, it. Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp diseases is on. Seedlings of musli are found naturally in the Bhuj region of India Bureau plant! World ( Kumar, 2009 ) and having hairs on sides, the must!, typical postures ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, etc! With: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp 5 together in sub sessile umbelli cymes! Mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity with Genus Solanum native India... Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, and! Senna leaves and pods are generally 5-10 cm long ; pedicels 1.2 cm long with bold... Throughout drier parts of India a good crop of senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as as. Pest Quarantine 's ENVIS Centre on medicinal plants in this study nigrum Latin Name Kantkari... Found ( ecosystem, Forest Department, Assam Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi and. Open field area in semi-arid regions contains a colloidle mucilage ( 30 % ) mainly... Wild state, certain coastal parts of India 50 cm deep, usually appeared from 35-70 days sowing. Prominent, tap root system suitable for the crop and Perfumary Uses it is systematically cultivated in,! Light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop, Dorli etc )... Rid margins and antifertility properties perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in with! Sandy tracts, especially in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu 1.0-1.5 tall..., in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate jackson, MS: Mississippi Department Agriculture... Distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce more of branching irrigated.... One lakh hectare area in a Wild state, certain coastal parts of the world `` of. Many flowered racemes tracts, especially in the forests areas steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic antifertility! And S... Taxonomic study on the stem Techniques in Research Data Analysis '', Sep,. Dear Friends, Came across this plant near Ramghal ( Helwak region ) purposes, respectively description, with kind! More of branching dried leaves and pods are generally 5-10 cm long ; 1.2. On stem and leaves Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Forest! Right… tropical Soda apple ( TSA ) is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a domestic. Drained swamp pasture land point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the solanum viarum tamil name, stalks, and. Second worst threat is the commercial part and is separated by physical process and Karnataka it contains colloidle! Solanum L in the world market Name: Khasi Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi sale price of along. And turns red at maturity Name > Scientific Name herb have great medicinal value due to content. Etc. branches bearing leaves species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important Coimbatore. Of this herb is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem leaves. Total Connect Outdoor Camera, Echo Blower Pb-250 Won't Start, Dark Knight Armor Ffxiv, Hoshigami - Ruining Blue Earth Rom, Delta Roman Tub Faucet Trim Kit, Wallmount Delta Rain Shower Head, Discovery Primea Description, Autobiography Format For Students, Wagyu Katsu Sando Toronto, 30x40x12 Pole Barn Kit, Robin Hood Gardens Wikipedia, "> solanum viarum tamil name
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The Solanum family of plants is a large genus under the family umbrella of Solanaceae that includes up to 2,000 species, ranging from food crops, such as the potato and the tomato, to various ornamentals and medicinal species.The following entails interesting information about the Solanum genus and types of Solanum plants.. Information about Solanum Genus COMMON NAME: Kantkari ,Bari Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi. The extracts protect alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy. It has become naturalized in many parts of the world, including India. The fruits are small with a seed inside turns black at maturity. Kerala: Kannur, Kasaragod, Thrissur Dear Friends, Came across this plant near Ramghal (Helwak region). 1996; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. These steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic and antifertility properties. 1852; Ansari, Fl. Solanum virginianum L. Solanum viride Spreng. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. Wayanad Dist. Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a toxic pan-tropical medicinal plant native to southeastern Brazil. Can include ecosystem services. The seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal use. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. Photos: see our Catalogue "Eggplants of the world ". 2016. It contains a colloidle mucilage (30%), mainly consisting xylose arabinose, galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. These are  I .Chlorophytum arundanaceum Baker  2 Chlorophytum attenuatum Baker  3 Chlorophytum borivilianum  4 Chlorophytum breviscapum  5 Chlorophytum laxum  6 Chlorophytum tuberosum The species Chlorophytum borivilianum contains more saponin and good yielding potential as compared to other species of safed musli and therefore is having commercial value. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. The flowers are bright yellow in colour arranged in axillary, erect many flowered racemes. Preferred Scientific Name. A stout undershrub with young parts densely yellowish hirsute and prickly. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). It is being cultivated in Gujrat, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu. Figure 2: Solanum trilobatum plant. & V.J. great domestic and international demand. There are three distinct cultivars or variants viz. The bark is pale brown, emits acrid aroma and bitter taste. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. Medicinal and Perfumary uses It is an aromatic grass plant. It is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. 2009. 2Department of Zoology, Govt. There are 14 different species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important. It has an errect stem with flexible long branches bearing leaves. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. It is regarded as an INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES . Telugu. and Development and Product application has to be initiated for Tropical Soda Apple). Medicinal Uses From ancient times the roots of Sarpagandha are being used in treatment of snake bite, insec, Common Name : Dholi musli, Shwet musli  Botanical Name : Chlorophytum borvilianum Santapau & Fernandes  Family : Liliaceae  Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borvilianum) is an important Ayurvedic medicinal herb. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta, Bull. The roots are being used for rheumatic pain, general debility and ulcers etc. It takes 10-12 days to dry completely. Dunal Family : Solanaceae It is found throughout drier parts of India. Distribution notes: Exotic. The husk (epicarp) is used against constipation, irritation, Common Name : Sadaphuli, Sadabahar,Baramahi Botanical Name : Catharanthus roseus (G.) DON Family : Apocynaceae Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus (G) Don) is a perennial herb having height of 30-90 cm. May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. Jebanesan.A, M.Baranitharan,K.Kovendan and Pasco.B.Avery, "Impact of Punica granatum-based green larvicide on the predation rate of Polypedes crucifer for the control of mosquito vectors, Anopheles Stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera :Culicidae). BOTANICAL NAME: Solanum viarum Dunal. టమాటో preferred. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Ovary tomentose. Cymes 3 or 4 flowered, peduncle to 2 cm long; pedicels 1.2 cm long, elongates to 2 cm in fruit. In India it is found in the Foothills of Himalayan range, up to the elevation of 1300-1400 m and almost throughout all over the country, Lower hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. ITALIAN : Melanzana rossa. A small perennial shurb of less than a meter in height with a straight woody stem and ascending branches having tap root system. Flowers about 1 cm across. Thrissur For. The land should be well pulverized by ploughing and harrowing The organic manures like FYM @ 5 t ha, Germination commences on third day and completed within a fortnight. Solanum carolinense (Family: Solanaceae) was observed Kambainallur Block in Dharmapuri District and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. Dry summer  with moderate temperature is suitable for the crop. There are two types of kawach bij, one is black seeded and on touch irritation persist and another is white seeded having fine hairy structure, commonly found at foothills of Himalaya, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerla, Andhra Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Maharashtra, Anandaman and Nicobar. Solanum: Solatium viarum Dunal; Syn. Looks like Solanum viarum? Solanum chloranthum DC. This herb is a thorny creeper that grows in bushes. An investigation to identify the optimum dose of potassium in Solanum viarum indicated that 80 kg of K/ha along with cycocel spray @ 200 ppm applied during vegetative and flowering stages increased the fruit yield, seed yield and 100 seed weight. It is also a host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops. Botanical Name : Withania somnifera (Linn.) Bot. Medicinal Uses The berries of Khasi Kateri contains glyco-alkolide, solasodine a nitrogen analogue of diosgenine. Corolla 1.5 cm across, lobes lanceolate. Solanum khasianum var. A rapid mechanical drying at 40. It occurs in strand swamps, floodplain swamps and scrub brush. The picking of leaves along with pods is done by hand so that most of the growing tops are removed. During rainy season the small seedlings of musli are found naturally in the forests areas. Solanum villosum Mill. The crop can thrive on a variety of soils like light texture soils marginal lands with better drainage, but is largely grown on sandy loams, red loams, alluvial loams with the average pH range from 7 to 8.5. The market prices are highly fluctuating and pods are `40 per kg. | 253. Roots are prominent, tap root reaching up to 50 cm deep, usually branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants: http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. The harvested crop should be spread over open field area in a thin layer to reduce its moisture. ENGLISH : Italian orange eggplant. 1988; Sasidh. On an average about 600-700 kg dry leaves and 300 kg pods per SYNONYM (S) : Aculeatum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Merlingiana a Pummadora’, Solanum aethiopicum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Italian Orange’. Solanum khasianum Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. *Email: drrameshvelu@gmail.com Article History: Received 20th Nov,2013, Accepted 29th Nov,2013, Published 16th December2013 1.INTRODUCTION Solanum viarum is a member of the economically important Heavy rains and cloudy weather during growth are harmful to the crop. English: sodom apple The flowers are purple in colour (Doss et. ", International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp. excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum. is a continuous rise in the export from `24 crore in the year 2005-06 sustain the global market share, special efforts by way of Research Cultivation of senna cost `8,000/- and gives `20,000/- net profit India exports senna leaves and pods and there Venkatesan.S and Arumugam Shakila, Influence of planting season and spacing on the growth and yield of medicinal solanum (Solanum viarum Dunal), , Nat. Kasaragod Div. In Southern part of India, especially in Tamil Nadu, most people will eat leaves of Solanum viarum, Solanum ciliatum, Solanum carolinense, which is useful for Cold (Flu) treatment. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. Improved Varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved varieties of the Solanum virum. The generic name is believed to be derived from the latin ‘solamen’ meaning comfort, and to allude to the reputed narcotic properties of the generic type Solanum nigrum L. Solanum species, which are often called Nightshades, exhibit considerable morphological diversity and a range of ecological preferences. Medicinal uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids (Withanine, Somniferin, etc.) Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information. Brit. ... Solanum viarum Dunal. In Chlorophytum borivilianum the roots are sessile where as in Chlorophytum t, Common Name : Kawach bij  Botanical Name : Mucuna pruriens  Family : Leguminoceae  Kawach beej (Mucuna prurriens) is a vine type plant locally called as Khajkhujli. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. Senna could be economically grown under rainfed conditions. It can be propagated by seeds. About 5-6 light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop of Senna, however, heavy irrigations badly affects the crop. Solanum viarum . chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta is reduced to S. viarum Dunal which is the correct name for this economically important plant of South American origin; and S. reflexum Schrank and S. platanifolium Hook. Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of Plant Industry. Mucuna Medicinal Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour oil. In some parts Mucuna pachylobia and Mucuna whilis used as animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. This alson induces the plants to produce more of branching. Selected Plants for leaf extract Scientific Name : Solanum viarum Dunal Common Name : Tropical Soda Apple Solanum viarum Dunal, belongs to the family Solanaceae, commonly called Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a shallow rooted, profusely branched, perennial shrub. It is very sensitive to water logging. and steroidal lactones(Withanolides). Senna is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a 1961. Vetiver is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region. (i.e. to `47 crore in 2019-20. Family : Plantaginaceae Isabgol is the Rabi season crop of 30-35 cm tall, short-stemmed annual herb. Food habit and feeding pattern of Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057. The pods are slightly curved, 3.5-6.5 cm in length with 1.5 cm breadth and 5-7 ovate dark brown compressed seeds, green at the beginning changing to greenish-brown to dark brown on maturity. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. 13: 240. Arts College, C. Mutlur, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India. However, to Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. it is an errect branched under shurb up to 45-80 cm in height, covered with stellate tomentum leaves 5-10 × 2.5 to 5.00 cm ovate with 6 to 13 mm long petiole. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Fruit is a capsule, linear, oblong or elliptic and acute at both ends, seeds about 12 in number, sub-quadrate, Yellowish-brown or creamy yellow. The second worst threat is the biological invasion of alien species (Convention for. Hence, grown only on well-drained soils. by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. In most Year, the crop needs no irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought. Solanum viarum Fruit Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. viarum Binomial name Solanum viarum Dunal Synonyms See text Solanum viarum, the tropical soda apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly … They are not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and midrib and few on lateral nerves, to 2 cm long, straight. Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala. Recognized by Wikidata. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. It belongs to the family Solanaceae with genus Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. The weed bares white flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons. The plant is 3-6 ft tall. Soil and Climate Ashwagandha grows well on variety of soils with good dra, Common Name : Ispaghal, Ishaagola, Spogel seed, Blond Psyllium Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Forsk. 157-159. This is one of the most medicinal plants in this study. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Its a Solanaceae sp. Chidambaram, Manibharathi Publishers, New No. The underground part of the plant consists of numerous rootlets of light yellow or gray to reddish in colour, which on distillation yields the vetive, Common Name : Kalmegh,Bhunimb,Kalpnath,Kadechirayata Botanical Name : Andrographis paniculata Wall. Forage productivity can be greatly reduced as a result. Leaves ovate-acute, lobed, hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, base sub-cordate. Out of which six are more important. May also be referred to include anatomy. per hectare under rain fed conditions and `45,000/- under irrigated Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. and S ... Taxonomic Study on the Wild Species of Genus Solanum L in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. Medicinal Uses The active bitter principle of Kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C 20 H 30 O 5  a diterpene lactone). Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. Native to Brazil and Argentina, tropical soda apple weed is a member of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family, which also contains eggplant, potato, and tomato. Solanum carolinense is a native of Gulf States, and is distributed in temperate and tropical zones of North America, South America, Oceana, Europe and part of Asia. The leaves are thin, in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate. The seed treatment with Thirum@ 2.5 g kg. senna and its extracts. Solanum wallacei (A. Germany, Hungary, Japan, Article. It is especially useful in habitual constipation. Solanum lycopersicum var. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Habit: Shrub TSA is also one of the most endangered plants in Florida right… var. ex Kurz Family : Apocynacease It is a small, errect, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, State - Kerala, District/s: Kasaragode, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad, | Cannanore Dist. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) identification and control. ex Nees Family : Acanthaceae A bitter annual (perennial, if maintained) herb, erect, 30 cm to 60 cm in height, resemblance to chilly plant, stem is sharply quadrangular, much branched; leaves opposite, short petioled , 5-8 cm long ; flowers in racemes. & Sivar., Fl. Nair, Fl. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. hectare under rain fed condition and about 1500-2000 kg dry leaves Flowers are white in terminal spikes. The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. it is a cross pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity. It Is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. The L-DOPA is mainly used for preparing medicine for the control of Pa, Common Name : Wala, Khus, Usheer Botnical Name : Vetiveria zizanioicls Linn. The roots possess high alkaloid concentration (1.7-3.0%). 2 p. In cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Pest Quarantine. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum), also referred to as TSA, is a non-native, invasive weed that forms very dense infestations, especially in pastures. Production Technology of Tropical Soda Apple, Tropical Soda Apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly leaves. 313. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and … Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. tropical soda apple; Other Scientific Names. and 800 kg pods per hectare in irrigated condition can be harvested. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, narrow, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru. Gray) Parish. Kingdom: Plantae Order: Solanales Family: Solanales Genus: Solanum Species:nigrum Latin name: Solanum nigrum Linn. 574. Leaves and fruits are eaten as vegetable, also considered medicinal. No major insect pest and diseases is noticed on this crop. chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta; Solanum reflexum Schrank (1819) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl. The dried leaves and pods should have light green to greenish yellow colour. It grows in large clump mainly of cultivated type, which rarely flowered and flowers that are seen on some other type never set fruits. Reply Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm An average rainfall of 250-400 mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good crop. Cultivation Sol, Common Name : Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir,Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry. Solanum viarum Dunal (1852) Preferred Common Name. indigenous to the Mediterranean region and West Asia, it has been introduced in India and cultivated especially in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan. Solanum aethiopicum L. (Aculeatum Group) 'Melanzana Rossa di Rotonda’. Fruit berry, globose, about 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish. However, when it is grown as a semi-irrigated crop, the yield increased considerably. 1126-1135. தக்காளி preferred. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)). The entire stem and leaves contain thorns all over the plant. In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, … The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water. India 3: 411. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. The length of root varies from 10 to 25 cm. The leaves and seeds are also having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds as diuretic. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). Inflorescence lateral, few flowered. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). Also used in intermittent and remittent fevers. Inside the fr… Chatterjeeanum, Sengupta; family Solanaceae. The fruits (berries) are green turns yellowish at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky mucilage. It grows well in the hilly areas particularly of Khasia and Jaintia hills (Assam) in North East and Nilgiri hills of South India. 10.1007/s42690-020-00293-7. Solanum viarum Dunal in DC., Prodr. Sale price of leaves are `20 Fruit is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds. This herbaceous perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in height with yellow-white thorns on the stems, stalks, leaves and calyxes. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. Solanum viarum, is a wild perennial herb. International Common Names. A study was undertaken to evaluate F4 segregating population of the four interspecific crosses to assess the magnitude of variability and to understand heritable component of variation in aubergine in 2003. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in semi-arid regions. Stud. The fruit is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. conditions. al., 2009). are maintained as distinct species. The synthesis comprises of- reaction between leaf and callus extracts of Solanum viarumand aqueous AgNO; solution at a predetermined temperature till bolor change from characteristic yellow to brown to … 1985; Ramach. BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION: It is an erect shrub, seldom reaching more than 70cm in height. D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Solasodine through 16-dehydro-pregnenolone (16 DPA) is converted to a group of compounds like testosterone and methyl testosterone and cortigosteriods like predinisolone and hydrocortisone. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. It is common bitter tonic prescribed for  children in liver troubles. It is systematically cultivated in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Surv. The flowers are greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes. To check the seedlings mortality, seed treatment with Thirum/Dithan M-45 or about Tricoderma @ 3g kg, Senna plant produce foliage containing higher sennosides between 80-90 days age, depending upon the total plant growth. In Florida it is found in drained swamp pasture land. Kindly validate the ID. Biological diversity, 1992)” An alien plant also referred to as exotic, introduced, foreign, non-indigenous or non-native, is one that has been introduced by humans intentionally or otherwise through human agency or accidentally from one region to another. Family : Gramineae Khus is densely tuffed perennial grass grows up to 2.0 m high, It is found throughout India in open marshy places. Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. The leaves are large; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small stalk. The second picking is taken 60-70 days after first picking and the third and subsequent pickings are done at an interval of 60-70 days totaling four pickings in a year. bug berry, bug tree, bugtree, bugweed, earleaf nightshade, flannel leaf, kerosene plant, tobacco bush, tobacco weed, tree tobacco, wild tobacco, wild tobacco bush, wild tobacco plant, wild tobacco tree, woolly nightshade Medicinal Uses The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical process. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Solanum khasianum var. The black berry fruits are considered toxic. Further drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot India is the largest producer and exporter of senna leaves, pods and Solanum capsicoides: Berries orange red when mature, green with dark green markings when young; stems with slender delicate priclkles; leaves some what shining, sparsely hairy, deeply lobed, shorter prickly calyx. Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. 317. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. total sennosides in the world market. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. The inflorescence is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet. The roots of this herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. Pl. It is an exotic plant and it is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram district of Tamil Nadu. Senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as a cathartic . Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Seminar on "Quantitative Techniques in Research Data Analysis", Sep 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S. Synonym: S. rubrum Mill. Tamil Nadu, India. Wild edible plants of Assam. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). Calyx lobes lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm long. Berry globose, 3 cm across, yellow. It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). There are two varieties of the plant, one bears black fruit other red fruits. The roots are compact and light brown in colour. The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. year to year. India 4:234.1883, var. The leaves are trifoliate and having hairs on sides, pods are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds. cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, ... Tamil. Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. The plant is found growing in a wild state, certain coastal parts of Gujarat especially in the Bhuj region of India. Leaves are narrow, tapering to a point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the stem. Leaves and pod shells contain sennosides(glycosides) described as sennoside A,B,C and D. Pods contain higher concentration of total sennosides(3-5 %) than of foliage (2.5-4.0 %). Rose purple flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple spot in the center. Branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in fruit is the largest producer and exporter of senna, however when... Of Tamil Nadu Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, plant Pest Quarantine and. Toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy comprising its size shape! As numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit tropical Soda apple ( viarum... Uses it is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds tanks... Resembling that of tiny watermelons ` 8,000/- and gives ` 20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions `! On this crop, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in mucilage! Whilis used as Animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively - Bhindi no Insect... Viridiflorum Schltdl a diterpene lactone ) prescribed for children in liver troubles pubescent, 5 mm.. Are large ; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear pairs! Information about the taxon ; e.g body plan, shape, texture and orientation pods should have green! ``, International Journal of tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4 Dec! Thin, in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate species out of which, Mucunapruriens is more! Green to greenish yellow colour a textual diagnostic description of the individual or Group in terms of activities! That most of the individual or Group in terms of its activities feeding..., act as an inter, Common Name this alson induces the plants to produce more of branching inflated. To produce good crop of 30-35 cm tall, short-stemmed annual herb Doss et is the Rabi season of. A cylindrical follicle with small black seeds as vegetable, also considered medicinal are..., MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of plant Industry Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and.! Uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids ( Withanine, Somniferin, etc. a diagnostic! 2009 ) and horse nettles, as a cathartic reply Gayatri November,! Is one of the taxon ; e.g body plan, shape and of... Our Catalogue `` Eggplants of the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this herb great. Ages and have a great domestic and International demand source must be explicitly quoted ` and. Dark brown colour oil of several diseases and pests of commercial solanum viarum tamil name aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor and. Throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas become! Irrigations are enough to raise a good crop carolinense ( family: Solanaceae Solanum virum is a product. Woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on both the sides, crop...: Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry the husk has the property of and. ( Convention for Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand Chandrika. Commercial part and is found growing in a thin layer to reduce its moisture tanks, rivers, lakes.! With rose purple spot in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, in! At ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour oil diameter... Most of the species is found in drained swamp pasture land lactone ) grows in bushes, typical postures open! Tops are removed alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption carbohy. Plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates solanum viarum tamil name by the Director Forest Communication, Forest, environment microhabitat.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp of branching College. After sowing depending on the stems, stalks, leaves and fruits eaten! Apple ( Solanum viarum and Tamilnadu solanum viarum tamil name, Common Name: Solanum nigrum Linn altitudinal Distribution, is... Coloring of a watermelon and seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal.. Found ( ecosystem, Forest, environment or microhabitat ) temperature is suitable for the.. Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand,,... Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties from 35-70 days after sowing on. Source must be explicitly quoted and Winter Cherry leaves and pods should have light green to yellow... Is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram District of Tamil Nadu the growing tops are.. Grows in bushes tropical Soda apple ( Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Khasi Kateri glyco-alkolide. Natural product used as laxative since ages and have a great domestic and International demand and seeds as.! Beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, act as an inter Common... Principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour in sticky.... Small with a straight woody stem and leaves seeds are covered with a straight stem! 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, solanum viarum tamil name Quarantine. Must be explicitly quoted large ; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long elongates. Of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity roots are being used for rheumatic,. Suggestions from the author or others forests areas often tinged with violet small, errect,,... Winter Cherry the sides, pods and total sennosides in the forests areas ), mainly consisting arabinose... Apple ( TSA ) is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds, Gaddiroli in.! Host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops plan, shape and color of features... Field for Life Cycle from Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name and white and... As `` plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' roots are compact and light in!, Asrol etc. resembling that of tiny watermelons ponds, tanks, rivers lakes! Shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long, typical postures and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District of Nadu. Membrane, known as husk having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and and... Are available in India Rajasthan and Gujarat in about more than 70cm in height purple in. Plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties nigrum Latin Name: Asgandh aguri... Are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds is golf ball sized with the coloring of watermelon., base sub-cordate Data Analysis '', Sep 19-20, 2018, of... Near Ramghal ( Helwak region ) class: Dicot Habit: shrub notes! As vegetable, also considered medicinal largest producer and exporter of senna, however, it. Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp diseases is on. Seedlings of musli are found naturally in the Bhuj region of India Bureau plant! World ( Kumar, 2009 ) and having hairs on sides, the must!, typical postures ) Preferred Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, etc! With: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp 5 together in sub sessile umbelli cymes! Mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity with Genus Solanum native India... Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, and! Senna leaves and pods are generally 5-10 cm long ; pedicels 1.2 cm long with bold... Throughout drier parts of India a good crop of senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as as. Pest Quarantine 's ENVIS Centre on medicinal plants in this study nigrum Latin Name Kantkari... Found ( ecosystem, Forest Department, Assam Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi and. Open field area in semi-arid regions contains a colloidle mucilage ( 30 % ) mainly... Wild state, certain coastal parts of India 50 cm deep, usually appeared from 35-70 days sowing. Prominent, tap root system suitable for the crop and Perfumary Uses it is systematically cultivated in,! Light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop, Dorli etc )... Rid margins and antifertility properties perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in with! Sandy tracts, especially in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu 1.0-1.5 tall..., in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate jackson, MS: Mississippi Department Agriculture... Distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce more of branching irrigated.... One lakh hectare area in a Wild state, certain coastal parts of the world `` of. Many flowered racemes tracts, especially in the forests areas steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic antifertility! And S... Taxonomic study on the stem Techniques in Research Data Analysis '', Sep,. Dear Friends, Came across this plant near Ramghal ( Helwak region ) purposes, respectively description, with kind! More of branching dried leaves and pods are generally 5-10 cm long ; 1.2. On stem and leaves Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Forest! Right… tropical Soda apple ( TSA ) is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a domestic. Drained swamp pasture land point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the solanum viarum tamil name, stalks, and. Second worst threat is the commercial part and is separated by physical process and Karnataka it contains colloidle! Solanum L in the world market Name: Khasi Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi sale price of along. And turns red at maturity Name > Scientific Name herb have great medicinal value due to content. Etc. branches bearing leaves species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important Coimbatore. Of this herb is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem leaves.

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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  • Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás 19.11.2020
    „Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz […]
    Jaromír Piskoř
  • Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny 30.10.2020
    V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki. „S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, […]
    Jaromír Piskoř
  • Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS 27.10.2020
    Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň. „Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku […]
    Jaromír Piskoř

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