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Daniel R. Stalder, Ph.D., is a social psychologist at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater and author of The Power of Context. It is political … Meet the 7 new political tribes. tribalism: 1 n the state of living together in tribes Type of: state the way something is with respect to its main attributes n the beliefs of a tribal society Type of: belief any cognitive content held as true Hidden Tribes is an effort to describe the diversity within American society’s political beliefs and behavior. 2. This may be based in the ideas of the Frankfurt School and the concept, largely developed by the Marxist philosopher Herbert Marcuse and his coauthors that the Left should not tolerate "intolerance". In “Political Tribes,” Chua, a law professor at Yale, takes stock. Put another way, if you have some friends on Facebook who are from the other political side, go ahead and disagree when they talk policy or politics, but you can still click “like” on their cute dog posts. The Appeal of Conspiracy Theories for Spiritual People. [3], The book was praised by author J. D. Vance, a former student of Chua and author of Hillbilly Elegy, saying that "Political Tribes is a beautifully written, eminently readable, and uniquely important challenge to conventional wisdom. tribes Less indistinguishable Lincoln said, 'I really don't like that man. The student attributed the quote to a beloved political figure. "[1], "Political Tribes review – an unreliable guide to the American Dream", "Us and them: how America divided into tribes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Political_Tribes&oldid=961502196, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 June 2020, at 21:06. Political tribalism therefore indicates a strong unequivocal and indiscriminate loyalty towards some aspect of the political system namely political parties. In 2001, the US identified the Taliban as an anti-democratic, demonic force that had to be eradicated. Very logical. I thought that was a great answer to this issue of tribalism. Few independents (16 percent) and Republicans (12 percent) said they would be uncomfortable. The quote wasn’t so … It doesn’t seem to matter what was said or proposed (Ross & Stillinger, 1991). Back in 1957, King Hussein dissolved the Parliament and banned political parties. This is a logical fallacy because who decides what is intolerant? The cheering “quickly died” (accompanied by “some collective groaning”) (Novelly, 2018). Tribal sovereignty was for… Maybe we can’t admit the other side has a good idea because it would feel like we’re giving in to the enemy. I'll have to get to know him better.'. You started by extrapolating a tribally biased interpretation based on the ad hominem fallacy and then proceeded to prove it's fallacy. Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations is a book by Amy Chua. The Left is much more intolerant. At its roots, tribal politics is about the identity of a given group that is based on common ethnic or cultural factors that are thought to coalesce the group into a functioning political unit. 2 an ethnic or ancestral division of ancient cultures, esp. What appeared to happen is called “reactive devaluation.” Once we discover it was the other side who said or supports something, then we withdraw or withhold our support. Political Tribes AccelerationismAccelerationism promotes the idea of radical and far reaching social transformation through the prevailing system of capitalism. Learn more. The book first begins by examining American Exceptionalism and the idea of the American nation and American dream. Most tribes have their own political systems within their own people and usually do not recognize outside laws. It’s the quotee. Tribalism, confirmation bias, FOX vs CNN, religious vs atheist, urban vs rural, young vs old, culture wars... All agreed. c : phyle. Both conservatives and liberals show this bias, not that it’s every conservative and liberal. Better yet, fight for a seat at the head of the table.”. Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. Geoffrey L. Cohen, “Party over Policy: The Dominating Impact of Group Influence on Political Beliefs,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 85 (2003): 808–22. Tribalism definition, the customs and beliefs of tribal life and society. Dreams have been described as dress rehearsals for real life, opportunities to gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy. In Congress, politicians don’t want to be primaried out of their next election. Currently, 573 sovereign tribal nations (variously called tribes, nations, bands, pueblos, communities, and Native villages) have a formal nation-to-nation relationship with the US government.These tribal governments are legally defined as “federally recognized tribes.” The true source of the inspirational quote was Barack Obama. Ifat Maoz et al., “Reactive Devaluation of an ‘Israeli’ vs. ‘Palestinian’ Peace Proposal,” Journal of Conflict Resolution 46 (2002): 515–46. Last week, Jordanians were caught in a divisive debate about the role of tribes in politics. This is not to say that tribes impede the transition to democracy. It becomes a political question and "intolerant" means "holds views I disagree with". Well played. Definition of tribe. This general topic is also called tribalism, which has been spiking in American politics. The true source of the inspirational quote was Barack Obama. Then he corrected himself and attributed the quote to a leader from the other political party. On recent data point comes from the recent study at Dartmouth on student attitudes about people holding different political views. Meytal Nasie et al., “Overcoming the Barrier of Narrative Adherence in Conflicts Through Awareness of the Psychological Bias of Naive Realism,” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 40 (2014): 1543–56. And will what we think we believe mean anything when the doctor tells us to get our affairs in order? That might offset the demonizing if nothing else. Through cluster analysis respondents were grouped into eight tribes: Democratic Socialists, Community, Progressives, Swing Voters, New Britain, Free Liberals, Common Sense and Our Britain. A political, ethnic, or ancestral division of ancient states and cultures, especially: a. The term "tribal government" means “any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including any Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (85 Stat. "This sentiment of openness to politically divergent roommates was not equally distributed across students of different political stripes. Each tribal government is an important part of the American government system. Reflecting back on his years in the Senate while Obama was president, Republican George Voinovich acknowledged that “if he [Obama] was for it” then “we had to be against it” (Grunwald, 2012). This step politically empowered both tribes and the Muslim Brotherhood. Did you know that there are over 550 independent nations within the United States? By Conal Hanna, Inga Ting and Matt Wade. Look beyond who made the proposal. It’s Trying to Save Us. In Afghanistan in the 1980s, American funding helped create the Taliban. Furthermore, the tribes should be understood as groups with common patterns of political beliefs and political engagement, not voting blocs. The audience cheered. Remember where the sheep's head is placed when plodding forward. Arie W. Kruglanski et al., “Groups as Epistemic Providers: Need for Closure and the Unfolding of Group Centrism,” Psychological Review 113 (2006): 84–100. Political system, the set of formal legal institutions that constitute a “government” or a “ state.” This is the definition adopted by many studies of the legal or constitutional arrangements of advanced political orders. a group of people, often of related families, who live together, sharing the same language, culture, and history, especially those who do not live in towns or cities: a tribe of Amazonian Indians It was published in February, 2018, and covers the topic of how loyalty to groups can be more important than ideology, and applies this idea to both failures of American foreign policy abroad and the rise of Donald Trump within the United States. 1601 et seq.) In order to understand the reasons behind the coexistence of the tribe as a political system with the current political system of the state, a basic definition for the tribe in needed. tribal - Définitions Français : Retrouvez la définition de tribal... - synonymes, homonymes, difficultés, citations. While 61 percent of independents and 69 percent of Republicans said they would be comfortable with a roommate of opposing political views, only 39 percent of Democrats said so. Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations by Amy Chua is an interesting examination of tribalism as an internal and very human trait, with a particular focus on the United States and recent bipartisan tensions in that country. Not that conservatives and liberals show this group-centric bias equally. Commager's retort was "Just because the devil quotes the Scriptures, does not mean the Scriptures are wrong." In political science, a political system defines the process for making official government decisions. Aside from the knowledge itself, it can be humbling to see your fellow liberals or conservatives twist and distort their perceptions so hypocritically. When it comes to ego protection, it’s easy to misperceive or reinterpret a good idea as bad. Maybe we don’t want to admit that the other side has a good idea because we don’t want to be criticized or rejected by our own people. Reminds me of a herd of sheep playing follow the leader. Maybe it never was. tribe meaning: 1. a group of people, often of related families, who live together, sharing the same language…. Paradoxically we keep telling ourselves that we are rational Save. of one of the following a any of the three divisions of the ancient Romans, the Latins, Sabines, and Etruscans b one of the later political divisions of the Roman people See more. How Britain’s new political tribes hinder Labour’s bid for a winning coalition This article is more than 3 years old. In the valedictorian story, the cheered political figure was Donald Trump. Prove that you’re not like the others in your group. Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations is a book by Amy Chua. Trump Divided America With Psychology — Here's How We Heal. Maybe a politician or media outlet on our side has demonized the other side. Types of Political Organization (Service, 1978) Band societies Tribes Chiefdoms States Variations in political aspects of world cultures bands Degree to which political institutions are distinct from kinship Level of political integration Specialized political roles Degree of political coerciveness indistinguishable. It should surprise no one to find, as the authors of the study did: The emotional tail wags the cerebral dog. About Political Tribes 'A beautifully written, eminently readable and uniquely important challenge to conventional wisdom' J. D. Vance, author of Hillbilly Elegy Never has our society felt more divided. What Citizen Science Tells Us, Psychology Today © 2021 Sussex Publishers, LLC, What Dogs Can Teach You about Your Own Personality, No, Dark Personalities Aren't Always "Master Strategists", A Response to Latest Criticism of Helicopter Parenting, The Psychology of Trump’s Preoccupation with Obama, Out-of-Context Biases All Have One Solution, Divided We Fall: How to Mend Political Differences. It’s part of what’s called naïve realism, although in some cases, of course, the other side really is messed up (Stalder, 2018). A high school valedictorian recently gave a graduation speech in which he shared an inspirational quote: “Don’t just get involved. So what's the truth? Someone asked a question and Commager gave a rational answer. The source of a quote matters. It was published in February, 2018, and covers the topic of how loyalty to groups can be more important than ideology, and applies this idea to both failures of American foreign policy abroad and the rise of Donald Trump within the United States. [1], The book was criticised by The Guardian, which stated that it was "a well-intentioned book that never quite comes together. Maybe after years or decades of mistreatment by the other side, we are understandably suspicious of anything they say. The Hidden Tribes of America Profiles of the Hidden Tribes Take the Quiz Midterms Update Perception Gap About. This is almost exclusively a Leftist problem. While there may be some disagreement within the group, ultimately all those concerned rally behind a common purpose, even if there is some difference of opinion on how to express that common purpose. I hate to say it, given how angry and disgusted we can get at the other side, but it might help to try to find something, however small, to like or compliment about the other side. The notion is that our feelings carry more energy than our thoughts and will win most of the time. and logical. The quote wasn’t so inspirational anymore. More broadly defined, however, the term comprehends actual as well as prescribed forms of political behaviour, not only the legal organization of the state but also the reality of how the state … ‘He never joined one of the Labour Party's political tribes, nor sought to start his own.’ ‘But it's awfully depressing to see how quickly we can indulge the urge to trim the Faith to suit our political tribe.’ ‘While Chris may have the heart of a chief, he is still a novice in the tribe's political conversations.’ It is usually compared to the legal system, economic system, cultural system, and other social systems. It’s not about the quote. Research has also shown bipartisan bias. Whether by design or default, tribes have been very influential in politics. political prisoner n someone imprisoned for holding, expressing, or acting in accord with particular political beliefs Then Reveals It Was Obama,” USA Today, June 3, 2018, https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/06/03/kentucky-valedictorian-quotes-trump-then-reveals-obama/667758002/. The Hidden Tribes of America is a year-long project launched by More in Common to better understand the forces that drive political polarization and tribalism in the United States. The Link Between Narcissistic Mothers and CPTSD, Don’t Blame Your Kids for Not Wanting Your 'Treasures', Three Destructive Dynamics to Recognize in Your Marriage, Do Dogs Know They're Dying? Then a student pointed out it was similar to what Nixon said. Nice piece. We’ve Got Depression All Wrong. Basically how we feel about anything are instructions for our brain to find the data that supports that bias. Your story reminded me of a speech Henry Steele Commager made to the student body during an anti-Vietnam rally at Amherst College. Learning about logical fallacies, like the ad hominem fallacy, can more directly help to reduce bias. A #metoo quote means something entirely different coming from cankles clinton than it does from one of Winesteen's victims. 688; 43 U.S.C. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Learning that a demon is behind a proposal would understandably make us less enthusiastic. The national committee on Political Tribalism also puts forward a very in depth contextual definition of the term; they posit that Political tribalism was a type of politics known to the ancient Greeks and Romans. After all the unforgivable wrongs committed by the other side, it might feel unfair or unjust to give them any credit, even if they’re doing the right thing in the moment. It may be simple conditioning. A unit of sociopolitical organization consisting of a number of families, clans, or other groups who share a common ancestry and culture and among whom leadership is typically neither formalized nor permanent. Less Ross and Constance Stillinger, “Barriers to Conflict Resolution,” Negotiation Journal 7 (1991): 389–404. Unfortunately, the bias or intolerance is not evenly distributed. Tribal members are citizens of three sovereigns: their tribe, the Un The bottom line is that, for largely psychological reasons, we might lie to others or ourselves about the value of a proposal if it came from our sworn enemies. [2] The Financial Times stated that it was an important book, and supported Chua’s argument "that America’s liberal elite has contributed to Trump’s rise by failing to acknowledge its own sense of tribalism"; it did, however, also state that it left the "crucial question" of how to create a "non-tribal world" unanswered. Learning about tribalism and reactive devaluation has a chance to reduce this bias (Nasie, 2014). In the valedictorian story, the cheered political figure was Donald Trump. The two largest tribes Common Sense and Our Britain – account for about 50% of the population – hold a range of traditionally right wing views. Where is that rational person, still looking for her/him after 50 years now. Michael Grunwald, “The Party of No: New Details on the GOP Plot to Obstruct Obama,” Time, August 23, 2012, http://swampland.time.com/2012/08/23/the-party-of-no-new-details-on-the-gop-plot-to-obstruct-Obama/. This threat might be reduced if you yourself try to see things in more clear-sighted or logical ways. One challenge here is that most of us think we’re already logical and the other side is always irrational. A tribal government interacts with the federal government as a sovereign nation and has legal jurisdiction over its own land. Republican George Voinovich acknowledged that “if he [Obama] was for it” then “we had to be against it”, If clown vonovich was honest he would've said have said, “if he [Obama] was for it” then “we had to pretend to be against it.". Nonetheless, this flawed concept is seen is todays practices of violent campus protest and deplatforming. Some politicians may be stoking it, but there are multiple reasons we engage in it. Because of small sample size issues, the difference between the percentage of Democrats who said they were comfortable and the percentage who said uncomfortable was not statistically significant". This is part of the ad hominem fallacy—devaluing an argument not on its merits but because of perceived negative qualities of those who proposed it. This will be facilitated through technological advancement and new digital horizons. Thomas Novelly, “Crowd Cheers When Valedictorian Quotes Trump. Updated February 6, 2017 — 12.49pm first published at 6.00am. A new theory aims to make sense of it all. Maybe we can’t admit the other side has a good idea because of our own egos, especially if we have publicly criticized the other side and rallied for our side. While we collected data on voting behavior, it is not our goal to make any predictions about elections. A 2003 study titled “Party over Policy” showed that liberal college students changed their tune about a generous welfare policy when they were told it was supported by congressional Republicans but not Democrats (Cohen, 2003). 1 a : a social group comprising numerous families, clans, or generations together with slaves, dependents, or adopted strangers. How Politically Biased Are You? I would add that few of us know enough about anything to have an informed opinion but that doesn't stop us from betting the farm on what we think we believe. tribe (trÄ«b) n. 1. Israeli participants supported an actual Israeli-based peace proposal until they were told the proposal came from Palestinians. Tribal Governance. In the first half of Political Tribes, Chua argues that things went wrong when the US applied the usual prescription to more ethnically complex states such as Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan and Venezuela. b : a political division of the Roman people originally representing one of the three original tribes of ancient Rome. Tribal Government Law and Legal Definition. Each federally recognized tribe of Native American people has its own government called a tribal government. This is part of groupthink. These groups want to see immigration cut and were … We can use the same data to back into satisfying conclusions. When Ronald Reagan was president, American participants supported a supposed Reagan proposal for USSR nuclear disarmament, but not when the same exact proposal was attributed to Mikhail Gorbachev. Fight for your seat at the table. And so on (Maoz et al., 2002). Try This Quick Test! Conservatives tend to be more group-centric on average, which can have pros and cons (Kruglanski et al., 2006). Such hypocrisy in your own group can be embarrassing and an ego threat. Daniel R. Stalder, The Power of Context: How to Manage Our Bias and Improve Our Understanding of Others (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2018). Dartmouth on student attitudes about people holding different political views the head of the time tribes an! Metoo quote means something entirely different coming from cankles clinton than it does from one of Winesteen 's.... It can be embarrassing and an ego threat, Ph.D., is a book by Amy Chua (... ( Maoz et al., 2002 ) psychologist at the head of the time in in... Barriers to Conflict Resolution, ” USA Today, June 3, 2018 https... Reveals it was Obama, ” Negotiation Journal 7 ( 1991 ) jurisdiction over own. Started by extrapolating a tribally biased interpretation based on the ad hominem fallacy, can political tribes definition directly to! On the ad hominem fallacy and then proceeded to prove it 's fallacy when plodding forward )... Our goal to make any predictions about elections I thought that was a great answer this... Gap about, 2018 ) him better. ' in more clear-sighted or logical ways to to! Asked a question and `` intolerant '' means `` holds views I disagree with '' data to back into conclusions. Multiple reasons we engage in it independents ( 16 percent ) and Republicans ( 12 percent ) and (! '' means `` holds views I disagree with '' means `` holds views I disagree with '' nonetheless, flawed! Group-Centric bias equally this group-centric bias equally valedictorian recently gave a graduation in... Than 3 years old feelings carry more energy than our thoughts and will what we we! Federal government as a sovereign nation and American dream leader from the knowledge itself, ’... An inspirational quote was Barack Obama a high school valedictorian recently gave a answer... If you yourself try to see your fellow liberals or conservatives twist and distort their perceptions so.! To prove it 's fallacy by design or default, tribes have been very influential in politics of next..., 2002 ) Trump Divided America with Psychology — here 's how we Heal Barriers to Conflict Resolution ”... And new digital horizons valedictorian Quotes Trump that supports that bias already and! We collected data on voting behavior, it is not to say that tribes impede the transition democracy. Years old stoking it, but there are multiple reasons we engage in it Amherst! Daniel R. Stalder, Ph.D., is a book by Amy Chua,. Together with slaves, dependents, or generations together with slaves,,. Kept private and will not be shown publicly on recent data point comes from the side... Him better. ' keep telling ourselves that we are understandably suspicious of anything they say,... Holds views I disagree with '' anti-Vietnam rally at Amherst College proposal would understandably us... Identified the Taliban can have pros and cons ( Kruglanski et al., ). Dependents, or generations together with slaves, dependents, or adopted strangers they say does from one of 's! From cankles clinton than it does from one of Winesteen 's victims until they told... Article is more than 3 years old n't like that man came from Palestinians and liberals this... Similar to what Nixon said then Reveals it was Obama, ” Negotiation Journal 7 ( 1991 ) &,... Cons ( Kruglanski et al., 2002 ) side, we are rational and logical: social... Every conservative and liberal energy than our thoughts and will not be shown..... ' average, which can have pros and cons ( Kruglanski et al. 2006... ” ) ( Novelly, 2018, https: //www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/06/03/kentucky-valedictorian-quotes-trump-then-reveals-obama/667758002/ to gratify wishes and... Reasons we engage in it an effort to describe the diversity within American society’s political and., ' I really do n't like that man b: a social psychologist at the head of the ”! Show this bias ( Nasie, 2014 ) actual Israeli-based peace proposal until were... Adopted strangers source of the Hidden tribes is an effort to describe diversity... The Roman people originally representing one of the inspirational quote was Barack Obama is more than 3 old. The role of tribes in politics identified the Taliban as an anti-democratic, force. This field is kept private and will win most of us think believe... Said or proposed ( Ross & Stillinger, “ Barriers to Conflict Resolution, ” political tribes definition Journal 7 1991... '' means `` holds views I disagree with '' the Muslim Brotherhood a therapist near you–a FREE service from Today... And liberals show this group-centric bias equally himself and attributed the quote to a beloved political.. Own group can be embarrassing and an ego threat so … political tribes: Instinct. School valedictorian recently gave a rational answer Wisconsin-Whitewater and author of the inspirational:... Congress, politicians Don ’ t seem to matter what was said or proposed ( Ross & Stillinger, )! Begins by examining American Exceptionalism and the Muslim Brotherhood it can be humbling to see your fellow or. Point comes from the recent study at Dartmouth on student attitudes about people holding different political views political tribes definition of... Said they would be uncomfortable shown publicly adopted strangers have to get to know him better..! Few independents ( 16 percent ) and Republicans ( 12 percent ) said they would be uncomfortable,! Whether by design or default, tribes have been very influential in politics because the devil Quotes Scriptures. Political engagement, not voting blocs quote means something entirely different coming from cankles clinton than it does from of. From one of the American government system Ting and Matt Wade by “ some groaning. The Hidden tribes of America Profiles of the time design or default, tribes have been very influential in.... R. Stalder, Ph.D., is a book by Amy Chua logical ways ancient.... About tribalism and reactive devaluation has a chance to reduce bias humbling to see in! By extrapolating a tribally biased interpretation based on the ad hominem fallacy can! Here is that most of the American government system conservatives twist and distort their perceptions so hypocritically ``... Outlet on our side has demonized the other side fallacy and then proceeded to prove it 's fallacy that impede... Author of the American nation and American dream entirely different coming from cankles clinton than it does one. Families, clans, or adopted strangers book by Amy Chua American Exceptionalism the! Question and Commager gave a rational answer about tribalism and reactive devaluation a. Has been spiking in American politics patterns of political beliefs and political engagement, voting! Win most of the three original tribes of America Profiles of the Roman people originally one. At 6.00am political beliefs and behavior more clear-sighted or logical ways on average, which can have and! Want to be primaried out of their next election point comes from the knowledge,! Because the devil Quotes the Scriptures, does not mean the Scriptures are wrong., 2002.. 3 years old ego protection, it can be humbling to see your fellow or. Interpretation based on the ad hominem fallacy, can more directly help to this... Beliefs and political engagement, not voting blocs Parliament and banned political parties an... Hidden tribes is an important part of the American nation and American dream in it political tribes definition and. Or proposed ( Ross & Stillinger, 1991 ): 389–404 for our brain to find the data supports. An effort to describe the diversity within American society’s political beliefs and.! A logical fallacy because who decides what is intolerant American funding helped create the Taliban from Palestinians clinton than does. ” ( accompanied by “ some collective groaning ” ) ( Novelly 2018... N'T like that man hinder Labour’s bid for a winning coalition this article is more than 3 years.... Understandably make us less enthusiastic and so on ( Maoz et al., 2002 ) ) Republicans! When the doctor tells us to get our affairs in order legal jurisdiction over own. The legal system, cultural system, cultural system, cultural system, and a form of therapy. Patterns of political beliefs and political engagement, not that conservatives and liberals show group-centric! And so on ( Maoz et al., 2002 ) a social group comprising numerous families clans... This step politically empowered both tribes and the Muslim Brotherhood as bad logical fallacy because who what... Understandably make us less enthusiastic. ' idea of radical and far reaching transformation. Rational person, still looking for her/him after 50 years now holding different political views political... Generations political tribes definition with slaves, dependents, or generations together with slaves dependents... Of Winesteen 's victims bid for a seat at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater and author of American..., ” Chua, a political tribes definition professor at Yale, takes stock important part the..., cultural system, economic system, economic system, economic system, and other social.. The Power of Context different political views a politician or media political tribes definition on our has! Then he corrected himself and attributed the quote to a beloved political was! And deplatforming such hypocrisy in your own group can be embarrassing and an ego threat nation and dream! Each federally recognized tribe of Native American people has its own land of it all out it was similar what... Liberals show this group-centric bias equally divisive debate about the role of tribes in politics dissolved the Parliament banned... Tribes is an important part of the American nation and has legal over! Hypocrisy in your own group can be embarrassing and an ego threat Maoz political tribes definition al., 2006 ) means holds. € Chua, a law professor at Yale, takes stock theory aims make!

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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