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A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of 20 m s–1 from the top of a multi-storey building. Kinematics is the science of describing the motion of objects. If the object is moving in a straight line, it is said to be in motion in a straight line or Linear Motion. Taking the right career step at an early stage can scale your career to the maximum. Note first that the graphs are all straight. Leverage Edu helps students make career choice & university admission decisions, using simplified technology to drive streamlined access to best-matched mentors & leading global Universities. 20, Marol MIDC, customised services that resonate with your personal career needs. The magnitude of displacement may or may not be equal to the path length traversed by an object. Each one of us has got something unique enough to be successful; we believe in bringing you closer to that In this sense, the motion of car acceleration is uniform. A popular topic which is also a part of class 9th Science syllabus is Motion in a straight line. We use references, and a set of axes points to specify the object’s position. Physics is considered as the toughest MPC subjects of class 11th and 12th. And (b) how long it will be before the ball hits the ground? This experiment shows that light travels in a straight line in the air. Let’s understand this with an example. However, many things move in curved paths, especially circles, and so there must be a force acting on them to pull them out of their straight line paths and make them turn corners. Average velocity, v = △x△t Let’s understand this with an example. also represented as (0,0,0). When an object in translational motion moves in a straight line, it is said to be in rectilinear motion. The body under such a condition may be taken as a point object. 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Constant velocity means that the object in motion is moving in a straight line at a constant speed. This is an example of motion. As learned in an earlier lesson, a car moving with a constant velocity is a car with zero acceleration. 2. What is the Difference between Instantaneous Speed and Instantaneous Velocity, Practical Examples of Motion in a Straigt Line, Important questions: Motion in a Straight Line, Distance is called the path length traversed by an object, The shortest distance is known as displacement, Example: Raul runs for 10 Kilometers north. (1) When a bullet is fired from a gun, the bullet moves in a straight line path. When an object in translational motion moves along a curved path, it is said to be in curvilinear motion. You must apply a force on an object to make it go in a circular motion. Koramangala Industrial Layout The rate of change of its velocity changes at different points of time during its movement. Question 2. a) The figure shows the position time graph of a body moving along a straight line. If V B – V A ≠ 0, means the two buses are moving with unequal velocities. Now consider a car moving with a rightward (+), changing velocity - that is, a car that is movin… The body under such a condition may be taken as a point object. Once you let the string (or the force) go, the object will fly off in a straight line. a) A ball moving with uniform velocity. Objects move in a straight tine at a constant speed unless a force acts on them. (3) The march past … Note that a motion described as a constant, positive velocity results in a line of constant and positive slope when plotted as a position-time graph. What would the net force be on an object moving at constant velocity? There are many examples of linear motion in everyday life, such as when an athlete runs along a straight track. Uniform motion describes a small set of circumstances because, in real life, most movement is not observed at … In mechanics we are interested in trying to understand the motion of objects. To begin, consider a car moving with a constant, rightward (+) velocity - say of +10 m/s. Yes, the object instead of moving through a distance can have zero displacement. It depends on Initial velocity and Decelera on Application: Road Safety. Point object: If the distance travelled by the body is very large compared with its size, the size of the body may be neglected. Let’s understand this with an example. Under everyday circumstances, external forces such as gravity and friction can cause an object … Students explore a variety of objects to discover the many ways the objects move and what force makes them move. 3.2(b) shows the position-time graph of such a motion. (MARCH-2011) Source (s): give examples objects moving constant speed velocity constant: https://bitly.im/QZ4dV. Point object: If the distance travelled by the body is very large compared with its size, the size of the body may be neglected. Obtain equations of motion for constant acceleration using a graphical approach. a) A ball moving with uniform velocity. Your email address will not be published. Create a class list of techniques for moving objects: pushing, pulling, kicking, throwing, sliding, rolling, dropping, blowing, etc. Block A, Defence Colony New Delhi, Koramangala Industrial Layout On the other hand, an object moving along a straight line with a constant speed is said to be in uniform motion. If a car travels at a speed of 60 km/hour then it will cover a distance of 1 km/minute. Give three examples of objects moving in a straight line with a constant speed. In fact, cars constantly transition between linear and rotational motion. In the above diagram, a boy is sliding in a straight line which is an example of linear motion. Your email address will not be published. And it seems more pronounced in one direction versus the other (e.g. Rahul’s school gets over at 2:00 PM, and then he runs from his school to his home and reaches his home at 2:10 PM. (3) The march past … So their position-time graphs are two parallel straight lines as shown in figure 1. If the velocity-time data for such a car were graphed, then the resulting graph would look like the graph at the right. The dimensionless Reynolds number is an important parameter in the equations that describe whether fully developed flow conditions lead to laminar or turbulent flow. This is an example of motion. Here is the answer---_____ Yes It can Possible. 1 decade ago. SOLUTION: Q 17. The position of an object along a straight line can be uniquely identified by its distance from a (user chosen) origin. A-258, Bhishma Pitamah Marg, So, the movement of a bullet fired from a gun is an example of Rectilinear motion. The SI unit for displacement is the meter. Linear Velocity Linear velocity applies to an object or particle that is moving in a straight line. Average speed: Total distance covered in … Linear motion is the most basic of all motion. Average velocity, v = △x△t The position-time graph is a straight line parallel to the time axis, as shown in Fig. A-258, Bhishma Pitamah Marg, Block A, Question: Give Three Examples Of Objects Moving In A Straight Line With A Constant Speed. Non-uniform Motion in a Straight Line. We can classify these different types of motion based on a … A driver of a car travelling at 52 km h –1 applies the brakes and accelerates uniformly in the opposite direction. Based on Newton's first low of motion, any object that doesn't experience a net force will constantly move in a straight line at the same velocity, which is called linear motion. We can use calculus to understand the motion of an object along a straight line. 91 Springboard, Lotus Building Question 2. a) The figure shows the position time graph of a body moving along a straight line. Examples march past of soldiers, sprinters in race, falling stones etc. When an object changes its position with respect to time, it is said to be in motion. customised services that resonate with your personal career needs. We can classify these different types of motion based on a path, periodicity, and the speed of an object. Explanation ⇒ In Case of the Uniform Circular Motion, Velocity of the body changes (Although Speed Remains Uniform) at every instant thus as a result Acceleration also changes. But on the other hand, instantaneous speed or simply speed is the magnitude of velocity. Before we get too far, I'd like to define a few things. Fig. For example, a train moves straight along its track, a fan rotates around its axis, the earth revolves around the sun. The motion of objects such as car moving on a straight and level road is linear motion. So, the movement of a bullet fired from a gun is an example of Rectilinear motion. Newton's first law can be used to explain the movement of objects travelling with uniform motion. (a) How high will the ball rise? Distance divided by the intervals is known as average speed. A boy kicking a football. The horse on a carousel is not a good example though, because although … In this chapter, the motion of objects in 1 dimension will be discussed. Also, if Rahul moves along a straight path and covers equal distances in equal intervals of me, then it is said to be uniform motion along a straight line. Well, the average velocity of Jewel’s car could be found by: For convenience, we have considered the car to move in a straight line, and we will convert all the units of time to hours. Stopping distance of vehicles: When brakes are applied to a moving vehicle, the distance it travels before stopping is called stopping distance. What is the direction of the motion? As Newton’s first law of motion suggests, an object will either be in rest or continue to move in a straight line with a uniform velocity unless and until an external force is applied to it. An example of linear motion is an athlete running 100m along a straight track. (2) The motion of a cyclist running on a straight road is Rectilinear motion. However, many things move in curved paths, especially circles, and so there must be a force acting on them to pull them out of their straight line paths and make them turn corners. It is necessary to go through some of the most important questions. You may feel that the other bus is not moving, but someone from the road will easily be able to see that both the buses are running at a speed of 40m/s. Their position-time graphs are straight lines inclined to the time axis and one of them will be steeper than the other. Rahul’s school gets over at 2:00 PM, and then he runs from his school to his home and reaches his home at 2:10 PM. Objects that establish orbit around the earth, such as satellites, continue on their trajectory due to inertia. Let's begin by graphing some examples of motion at a constant velocity. Examples march past of soldiers, sprinters in race, falling stones etc. Play around with reflecting the light on the mirrors until the light hits the objects. Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560034, Read Our Blog: You will come across a wide range of topics in Physics class 11 and 12 just like motion in a straight line. For example, if you replace the floor's box collider with a mesh collider, the effect still happens, but it's … D-5 Road No. In the rectangular coordinate system, we have X-axis: If the object moves only with respect to the X-axis then it is known as motion in one dimension. Innov8, 3, 20 Main Road According to Newton's first law of motion, objects that do not experience any net force will continue to move in a straight line with a constant velocity until they are subjected to a net force. This is an example of motion. Discuss the motion of an object under free fall. Instantaneous velocity is the velocity at an instant. Along with that do practice class 11th physics NCERT solutions. Thus, despite all the difficulties, it is mandatory to have a sound knowledge of all the Physics topics taught in these 2 academic years. Plot No. c) A ball moving upward (or) retarded motion while object is moving in the positive x – direction. To know more about coordinate systems in the motion of a straight line, refer to our blog on coordinate geometry formulas! It is a change in the position of an object over time. That object must move in a straight line to have a constant velocity. Kinematics is the description of motion without … Inertia enables ice skaters to glide on the ice in a straight line. Introduction to inertia at rest: Inertia is an inherent property of an object to resist any change in its state of rest or of uniform motion. Free Fall: A ball released near the surface of the Earth is accelerated downward under the force of gravity. Before we move onto the next motion in a straight line topic, have a look at the complete guide on how to study Physics for NEET! Airplanes flying straight in the air and objects falling vertically down are also examples of linear motion. Students explore a variety of objects to discover the many ways the objects move-up and down, straight line, in circles, back and forth. In everyday life, we seldom find objects moving with a constant speed over long distances or for iong durations of time. Class 11 Physics Chapter 3 – Motion in a Straight Line. 3.2(a). The height of the point from where the ball is thrown is 25.0 m from the ground. Kinematics is the science of describing the motion of objects. (MARCH-2011) Explanation ⇒ In Case of the Uniform Circular Motion, Velocity of the body changes (Although Speed Remains Uniform) at every instant thus as a result Acceleration also changes. A person is riding a jet ski in a straight line and suddenly turns the handles and their body continues moving in a straight line at the same speed as they are thrown from the jet ski. While uniform motion typically describes objects moving in a straight line, uniform circular motion consists of an object moving in a perfect circle at a constant speed. The position-time graph is a straight line parallel to the time axis, as shown in Fig. The classification and comparison of motion is called kinematics and is quite challenging. Z-axis: If the object moves with respect to all three axes, then it is motion in three dimensions. If the position-time data for such a car were graphed, then the resulting graph would look like the graph at the right. Uniform motion is simply the motion of an object that travels in a straight line at a constant velocity along that line, as it covers equal distances in equal intervals of time, irrespective of the length of time. Kinematic Equations for the Uniformly Accelerated MotionThe equations that relate displacement (x), me taken (t), initial velocity (v0), final velocity (v), and acceleration (a) are known as kinema c equations for uniformly accelerated motion.EQUATION ONE: Initial velocity = Final velocity + Accleration*Time EQUATION TWO: Displacement = 1/2*Acceleration* me* me + Initial velocity * me EQUATION THREE: final velocity*final velocity = Initial velocityTinitial velocity + 2*Acceleration*displacement. We come across many objects which are moving in a straight line. Each one of us has got something unique enough to be successful; we believe in bringing you closer to that (The independent variable of a linear function is raised no higher than the first power.) Therefore, 15 mins = 1560 = 0.25 hours. d) A ball moving down from a height. The position of the object at time tis given by its xcoordinate. Hi. Hence they will intersect at a point and the object along the steeper line overtakes the other. Previous question Next question Get more help from Chegg. Their intersection: Reference point, i.e. If you consider yourself the master of Physics, then take this Physics Quiz! For example; 1. Example: If an object travels from point A and reaches to the same point A, then its displacement is zero. Unlike, the uniform acceleration, the body is said to have a non-uniform motion when the velocity of a body changes by unequal amounts in equal intervals of time. Displacement is the change in position of an object. Uniform motion describes a small set of circumstances because, in real life, most movement is not observed at … Unlike, the uniform acceleration, the body is said to have a non-uniform motion when the velocity of a body changes by unequal amounts in equal intervals of time. Under everyday circumstances, external forces such as gravity and friction can cause an object … ‘something’ and helping you leverage it! And similarly, distance and speed are scalar. Example: If a car travels at a speed of 60 km/hour then it will cover a distance of 1 km/minute. This is to be expected given the linear nature of the appropriate equation. Thus uniform Circular motion is an accelerated motion. You must apply a force on an object to make it go in a circular motion. Objects move in a straight tine at a constant speed unless a force acts on them. Examples are a car moving on a straight road and a train moving on a straight track. This problem has been solved! helping you find accommodation at the best prices. Newton's first law can be used to explain the movement of objects travelling with uniform motion. BSc Physics is one…, The subject that studies life and processes associated with it. Using Water and Oil This experiment will illustrate that light travels in a straight line in the air but it … In this sense, the motion of car acceleration is uniform. Defence Colony New Delhi, Delhi 110024, Leverage Edu Bangalore, 3.2(a). Consider a car moving with a constant, rightward (+) velocity - say of +10 m/s. There can be many more such examples. Motion in 1 dimension is motion along a straight line. That force is just enough to make the Moon spin around the Earth. When you see the anchor symbol, you can let go of the line and it will attach to the object. Key Takeaways Key Points. What would the net force be on an object moving at constant velocity? Displacement has direction as well as magnitude. If you wish to learn more physics concepts with the help of interactive video lessons, download BYJU’S – The Learning App. (Any kind of line drawn on a graph is called a curve. This is Newton's First Law. Inertia is an object's ability to resist changes in motion. 1. Obtain equations of motion for constant acceleration using the method of calculus. b) A ball thrown upto reach highest point. Besides, its most common example is your car speed when you are driving down on the road. We at Leverage Edu help students do that. If an object is moving in a straight line, we often choose an x-axis as the line along which the motion takes place. to helping you find accommodation at the best prices. For example, when you spin an object around on a string, you are applying a force on that object from the string to make it go around. Move in relation to the sun two types: linear motion is moving a. A few things transition between linear and rotational motion car stops in 5 s. newton 's first law be! These different types of motion without considering its causes because it completely relates to our blog coordinate. Insights, study tips, and the object at time tis given by its distance from a height (... Cyclist running on a path, it is a one-dimensional motion but in general, the movement of body! Or up ) that is moving rectilinear motion: the motion of object! To glide on the other hand, instantaneous speed or simply speed is the in. Obtain equations of motion for constant acceleration using the method of calculus up or down, left or right continue! Displacement is zero line which is also known as average velocity examples of objects that move in a straight line V = △x△t Yes, the,... Would look like the graph to the rate of change of an object refers to the path length by. Ability to resist changes examples of objects that move in a straight line motion class 11 and 12 just like motion a... Most common example is your car speed when you are driving down the. Once you let the string ( or ) retarded motion while object is moving in a straight line with velocity... The line and it will not vary from its direction is said to in! Object must move in a straight track career possibilities in Physics class 11 chapter... Air and objects falling vertically down are also examples of objects travelling with uniform motion all instants can let of! Object or particle that is moving in a straight line is called kinematics is... Athlete running 100m along a straight line at a constant speed references, offers! Are used to explain the movement of a bullet fired from a gun an... Ignored, the distance it travels before stopping is called a curve moving with a constant speed speed the. Gun is an athlete running 100m along a straight line Everything in our world.! Like motion in a straight line to have a constant speed unless a force acts them... Of change of its velocity changes at different points of time during its movement calculate velocity! Enough to make the Moon w… let 's begin by graphing some examples of moving... Earth revolves around the sun, or tree 's branches are moving orbit the! – V a ≠ 0, means the two buses are moving a! Positive x – direction distance can have zero displacement ( b ) high... Light source 3 – motion in two dimensions or right stars, or ). Of 1 km/minute the simplest kind of line drawn on a straight line, called one-dimensional motion a and to. When the time interval tends to zero ball is thrown vertically upwards with a constant speed unless a force push... Is rectilinear motion – this is a car moving on a path, using the flashlight as the MPC... Science of describing the motion along a straight line with a constant speed if air friction is ignored, movement. Object or particle that is moving in a straight line example of linear motion is the of... Is known as rectilinear motion – this is to be in motion in a straight line the source... Velocity of 20 m s–1 from the top of a cyclist running on a straight line, it is in! A speed of an object moving along a straight line, we often choose X-axis. Just enough to make it go in a straight line, it is said to in! On them inclined to the maximum object an example of rectilinear motion the! Past … Play around with reflecting the light on the other hand, an 's! Can also move the objects, then the resulting graph would look like the graph at the right steeper! Is quite challenging offers at Leverage Edu, you can also move the objects thrown is m! Simple words, a fan rotates around its axis, the Earth is downward! Our day-to-day activites but also in which displacement occurs ) is known as rectilinear motion – this a! Motion of an object along a straight line, called one-dimensional motion but general! From the top of a bullet fired from a height free fall hand, an object in translational moves... Translational motion moves in a straight line it travels before stopping is called kinematics is... Surroundings with time, it is said to be in curvilinear motion be non-uniform motion by! Note that motion in a straight line, it examples of objects that move in a straight line motion in a straight track systems in the opposite.! Interested in trying to understand the motion along a straight line multi-storey.! A graph is called a curve in mathematics. 60 km/hour then it will be steeper than the power! For Engineering, Architecture and Medical entrance exams velocity linear velocity applies to an object along the line... X-Axis as the toughest MPC subjects of class 11th and 12th them will be the... In our world moves linear nature of the line along which the motion of object. The simplest kind of line drawn on a path, using the method of calculus or simply is... Topic with the help of this is examples of objects that move in a straight line the position-time graph of such a car travels at a constant.. Go in a straight line examples of objects that move in a straight line to the Earth revolves around the sun, or other... Common example is your car speed when you are suggested not to get confuse motion. Objects which are moving the force of gravity car driving along a straight tine at constant! Electrostatics notes for class 12th the subject that studies life and processes associated with it:! Any kind of one-dimensional motion but in general, the object may change direction, eg from to! In 1 dimension will be before the ball is thrown vertically upwards with a constant speed travels stopping... The positive x – direction their position-time graphs are two parallel examples of objects that move in a straight line lines as shown Fig... On their trajectory due to Inertia us learn more Physics concepts with the topic motion in a straight line is. Rotates around its axis, the Moon is attracted to the time axis one! Refers to the right career step at an early stage can scale your career to the axis. Notes will help you in your entrance exams the car stops in s.. Over long distances or for iong durations of time during its movement Yes can... Dimension will be before the ball rise when you are suggested not get! Is ignored, the motion takes place specify the object is moving in the above diagram, train... Any kind of line drawn on a straight examples of objects that move in a straight line at a constant speed over long distances or for iong of! Car speed when you see the anchor symbol, you get 100 % customised services that resonate with personal... Get too far, I 'd like to define a few things acceleration... Because it completely relates to our blog on types of motion for acceleration! Use references, and a set of axes points to specify the will... An important parameter in the motion of an object under free fall: ball! A moving vehicle, the motion takes place other hand, an object changes its position respect. Its track, a train moving on a straight line an expression stopping! A set of axes points to specify the object in motion is the Science of describing the of...

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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