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ARG stands for: Average Rate per Guest Total room revenue divided by the number of guests. The front office staff is jockeying for position with the new boss. INTRODUCTION TO FRONT OFFICE 1. The following are common examples of middle office … Front desk officers work in hotels, health clubs, business offices and office buildings. Explain the … A ledger is a summary grouping of accounts. Dec. 30, 2020. The Role of The Front Office A security program is most effective when all employees participate in the hotel's security efforts. Functions of Treasury Front Office: Statutory management. Front office manager duties can vary. Introduction to front office department 1 2. Front desk agent, door attendants, bellpersons, and parking attendantshave the oppurtunity to observe all persons entering or … 119 guests. The Front Office function of a Hotel is to act as the public face of the hotel, primarily by greeting hotel patrons and checking in guests. Difference Between Front Office and Back Office. This is contrasted with back office functions that provide services such as administration, operations and technology that don't interact with the customer. Main Function of Front Office Department. The writers realizes during the process of compiling the report, the writers receive many support. It is a Hotel KPI calculation that shows the percentage of available rooms or beds being sold for a certain period of time. "Historically, front office jobs in investment banks were those trading on behalf of the bank, or directly working with clients or creating products, research or analysis for them," says John Craven, a former director of structured products and … 1. Arranges schedules of room salespeople. What is the definition of front office? As hotels often have double rooms, triple, quadruple or even more occupancies per room, this ratio allows an insight into exactly what rate is payed on average. This is common practice and a situation that needs to be addressed as part of the job. Indian States & Capitals. For most businesses, the front office is the reception and sales area of the business. Welcome to 1LoD's Global Benchmarking Survey and Annual Report 2019, the largest and most comprehensive survey ever conducted on the front office control sector. What is the function of Treasury front office? Being the prime interface between the hotel services and the guests, the front office is located near the main entrance of the hotel. Stain Removing. An imbalance that occurs when the total of cash and checks in a cash register drawer is greater than the initial bank plus net cash receipts (a) Due back (b) Overage (c) City ledger (d) Guest ledger 11. The number of interactions and transactions between the guest and the hotel … Functions of Treasury Front Office: Statutory management. For example, if you record a command, such as clicking the AutoSum button to insert a formula that adds a range of cells, Excel records the formula by using R1C1 style, not A1 style, references. Front office automation changes how data entry has changed the way front office employees can automate their day to day tasks. Front office staff play a paticularly important role. Front desk executive needs to look after the bookings, guest check-in/out, room allotment, handling guest queries, assigning tasks to the housekeeping and other departments, checking for reports and payments and much more. Estimating Expenses Vary directly with rooms revenue 5. Phonetic Alphabets. Get sample Stationery, Formats, Hotel SOP's, Staff Training Tips, Job Descriptions and more. Returns the value specified by the calling cell and the matching argName parameter. Front Office Department plays a vital role in a hotel, and it is the face of a hotel or hospitality establishment. Most of the contemporary hotel businesses employ automated accounting system. OTA – Online Travel Agency - Definition / Meaning, 6 Stages of The Guest Check–In Procedure [With Flowchart], Types of Common Guest Complaints in Hotels, Different Booking Source Of Hotel Reservation with Examples, Security - Handling Suspicious Items and Packages in Hotels, HR - Sample Reference Check Questions For Recruiting Hotel Staff, Security - Types of Emergency Situations Encountered in Hotels, Store - Inventory Stock Check Policy for Hotels, 10 Types of Trolley Used in Food and Beverage Service, Room Service / In-Room Dining Department Layout or Design, Types of Spoons and Knives Used For Food & Beverage (F&B) Service, Main Factors To Consider While Menu Planning, Must Have Menu Knowledge for Food and Beverage (F&B) Service Staff, SOP - Engineering - Different Modes For Starting Diesel Generator (DG) Set, SOP - Concierge / Bell Desk - Left Luggage procedure, SOP - Front Office - Open in room Safe/Locker On Request, SOP - Front Office - Generating Reports [Routine Report, Emergency Reports], Housekeeping - Introduction, Definition, Role, Responsibilities and Layout, Room Status Cycle (Diagram) In Housekeeping | Hotels, Room Status Codes For Housekeeping Department, Types of Window Curtains / Window Treatments For Hotels, Front Office - Guest Dispute / Allowance Voucher Format, Front Office - Welcome Letter All Inclusive Package, Concierge - Excursion Request Form Sample, Front Office - VIP Amenities Request Order Form. ERP and data entry with the automation of OCR which is Optical character recognition processes. Miscellaneous. Co-ordinates staffing of mail and information and reservation clerks with their supervisors. This customer-facing position, typically found in the hospitality industry, serves to both interface with customers and carry out front-office business duties. You can turn the R1C1 reference style on or off by setting or clearing the R1C1 reference style check box under the Working with formulas … There has to be always an employee for assistance to guests during their stay at the hotel, in the purpose of help them if they have some special needs, problems or … STD Codes in India. The value returned by ARG if the calling cell did not pass in a value for the. Interest and self confidence is the main quality required to work as a front office assistant in hotel Main office of veterans affair in the US? This study examined hotel staffing issues with a focus on the front office department. Get sample Stationery, Formats, Hotel SOP's, Staff Training Tips, Job Descriptions and more. See you around and happy Hoteliering. The key rack as the name suggests, is a wooden or metallic framework containing an array of slots used for keeping the keys of the guestroom in sequential order of the guestroom present in the hotel. Office Management Function # 2. Cash disbursed by front office on behalf of the guest is known as (a) IOU (b) Cash bank (c) Encashment (d) Paid-out 10. In the front office, these usually occur when a cashier accepts so many checks and large bills during a shift that he or she cannot restore the initial bank at the end of the shift without using the checks or large bills ... front office accounting formula. The following are common examples of front office. According to L.F Dennis in the ¿½Rooms at The Inn: Front Office Operations and Administration¿½ book, in the clients mind, the character and competence of the entire hotel are reflected in the personality of the front office staff. It’s one person handling multiple tasks. This customer-facing position, typically found in the hospitality industry, serves to both interface with customers and carry out front-office business duties. Since hotels operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the front office must regularly review and verify the accuracy and completeness of guest and non-guest accounting records. The key rack or the key drawer is important front office equipment located underneath the counte of the front desk. RN’s, LPN’s, CNA’s, etc.). The following example shows how to use the ARG function in conjunction with the EVALCELL function to find the middle value from a set of three values. Front office investment banking jobs have traditionally been the easiest to define. What Is Back-Office Operations? The people of the front office … A front office manager, sometimes known as a receptionist or clerk, fills a large number of roles. In the expression cell, place the following code that defines the custom function: In the calling cells, place the following code that calls the custom function: The name of an argument that the calling cell can pass into the function. Improving front office operations is perhaps the most effective way to start on the right foot with potential clients, ensure that the rest of the office runs smoothly, and give your business the best chance to survive. However, we do support some codes outside of 8810 and would need to see a job description to determine if we can support it. Front office accounting system ensures internal control over cash and non cash transactions. The hotels annual operations budget is a profit plan that addresses all revenue sources and expenses items. By Taking the HARR the management can find out the actual effect of complimentary stays on the average room rate. Formula to Calculate Average Room Rate (ARR) | Average Daily Rate (ADR) ADR (Average Daily Rate) or ARR (Average Room Rate) is a measure of the average rate paid for the rooms sold, calculated by dividing total room revenue by rooms sold. Increases in demand lead to higher prices and thus increased revenue for hotels.It is with the background of the dynamics involved at the front office in its management efforts that appropriate financial measurement tools must be used. Front office is a department or team that interacts with the customer and/or directly generates revenue. Its main function is to handle incoming and outgoing calls. The Yield Statistic is the Ratio of the Actual Revenue (Generated by the Number of Rooms Sold) to Potential Revenue (THE Amount of Money that would be received from the Sales of Rooms in the Hotel at a Rack Rate) Front office consists of departments and people that outsiders meet. It is the first and the last department where a guest interacts. Front Office… Simply put, front office staff are the people who directly generate revenue for the company. Several surveys have led to results to that point of opinions which state that business function focusing on client risks such as KYC and client screening have moved or are moving from 2 nd line to 1 st line. ADR (Average Daily Rate) or ARR (Average Room Rate) is a measure of the average rate paid for the rooms sold, calculated by dividing total room revenue by rooms sold. In this report, the writers aim to provide a clear description about Front Office Formula. Specifies an argument that the calling cell can pass to a custom function, as well as the default value returned by the custom function if the calling cell does not pass in a value for the argument. Front office services, such as those provided by a clerk, host or a concierge are commonly found in the hospitality industry, which is among the businesses offering the most front office … Front office manager duties can vary. The front office in any medical practice is the first thing that a patient sees when walking through the door. This encompasses tasks of all sizes and can be easily delegated to managers. The expression can include literal strings, ShapeSheet functions, and cell references. systematic process in which the front office accounting staff identifies It is also responsible for managing wake up calls as requested by the guest and preparation of telephone bills made by guest and staffs. By following these four front office management tips, you’ll be an operations whiz in no time. The front office of investment banking, mainly deal with sales and trading, which help to boost up profit as much as possible. The hotel front office audit, also known as the night audit, is generally performed during late evening hours, when hotel front office auditors could work with minimal interruption. Optimization of risk return through specialization and management; Funding of the Balance Sheet at optimum prices; Proposing interest rate matrix to the ALCO; Proposing various investment options to the ALCO We do not work with high risk positions in light industrial. Middle office is an organizational layer of a bank that handles critical and time sensitive controls, execution and decision support functions.As the term suggests, middle office functions typically require close coordination with both the front and back office. Since 2012 Setupmyhotel.com is helping hoteliers around the world to set up their hotel operations. There is much … International Telephone Codes. An employee who checks the accuracy of front office accounting records and compiles a daily summary of hotel financial data as part of the front office audit. Front Office Management. Workers in this area may handle daily mail sorting and distribution, provide copy and fax services to other departments, work directly with clients, and perform data entry duties. The expression can also include specific arguments that are passed in by the calling cell. See you around and happy Hoteliering. Some hotels calculate ARR or ADR by also including the complimentary rooms this is called as Hotel Average Rate. The most important long terms planning function that front office perform is budgeting front office operations. Front office tasks. Front Office Formulae. This is common practice and a situation that needs to be addressed as part of the job. 9. Office management also has this process of staffing because the office has to be manned and managed in similar … As a shape developer, you can create custom functions by placing an expression in one cell and calling that expression from one or more other cells. It is named because … 1/2. Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington DC 20420. So in a finance company or investment bank, front office departments might consist of sales and trading, investment banking, wealth management, and private equity. The Front Office Auditor. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. 4. Main Function of Front Office Department. Evaluating the result of front office operations is an important management function. It is also known as Transient ledger, Front Office ledger … This is contrasted with back office functions that provide services such as administration, operations and technology that don't interact with the customer. Once the new supervisor shows himself or herself capable and competent, the supervisor can move on to the day - to - day tasks. ARG primarily runs “Office Professionals” also known as 8810’s and healthcare (ex. It also provides assistance to guests during their stay, completes their accommodation, food and beverage, accounts and receives payment from guests. The Front Office… 12.2 FRONT OFFICE FUNCTIONS The primary function of the front office is that of a facilitator between the guest and other departments of the hotel. As such, you should make sure that every employee is crystal clear on their job expectations, deadlines and personal goals. Front office is a department or team that interacts with the customer and/or directly generates revenue. These sections are also part of Front Office … The following are common examples of front office. As this is the most important role in the front office, employees receive the highest salary compared to staff in the same position in other industries. The difference between the back and front office is not as clear as it used to be. Front office management is dependent upon consistent, solid work by each of your team members. The front office auditor tracks room revenues, occupancy percentages and other standard hotel operating statistics. Basic Front Office Accounting Formula Net Outstanding Balance = Previous Balance + Debit – Credit Where debit increases the outstanding balance and credit decreases it. Successful front office managers evaluate the results of department activities on a daily, monthly, quarterly, and yearly basis. Another job of Front office desk is also to support and help in providing services to the . Assists front office manager in supervising and coordinating the day to day operations of the front office staff and resolves internal problems. Formats. Front desk agent, door attendants, bellpersons, and parking attendantshave the oppurtunity to observe all persons entering or departing the premises. Back office and front office have the same meaning as the back end or front end of a company. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020 The Yield Statistic is the Ratio of the Actual Revenue (Generated by the Number of Rooms Sold) to Potential Revenue (THE Amount of Money that would be received from the Sales of Rooms in the Hotel at a Rack Rate) Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington DC 20420. The front office is the section of a financial firm responsible for functions such as: Sales Trading Mergers and Acquisitions Advisory The front office is the client-facing part of the firm and includes the roles which focus on working with and for clients, rather than in support, risk, compliance and operations roles. It is the first point of interaction between the hotel and the guests. © Setupmyhotel 2021 - All rights reserved. Without thoroughly evaluating the results of operations, managers will not know whether the front office is attaining planned goals. As the first thing that a patient sees, it’s crucially important that the interaction and perspective that a patient sees sets the tone for what they can expect from the practice. Included in the various types of front office services are sales, management and hosting services. The hotel front office is busy working before a guest arrives, while the guest is there, and even after the guest has checked out. 03/09/2015; 2 minutes to read; o; h; n; L; In this article. Specifies an argument that the calling cell can pass to a custom function, as well as the default value returned by the custom function if the calling cell does not pass in a value for the argument. ARG Function. Interest and self confidence is the main quality required to work as a front office assistant in hotel Main office of veterans affair in the US? Front Office BudgetingFront Office Budgeting The most important long-term planning function FOM is responsible for: 1. Here you will find the top 5 Key Performance Indicators ():. What are the most important Revenue Management Formulas in the hospitality industry and how to calculate them?. formula used in posting transactions to front office accounts: Previous Balance + … For example, the marketing department is part of the front office. Front desk officers work day shifts, evening shifts and weekend shifts. This year's report was answered by over 30 of … These terms are used to define different business processes within the organization where the primary responsibility of interacting with the customers is endowed to the front office and all the production and background processing of the tasks that are required to deliver a quality product or service lies with the back office … Total Room Revenue for 01st Jan 2017   = 25000.00, Total Room Sold for 01st Jan 2017         = 250, ARR or ADR for 01st Jan 2017        = 25000.00 / 250, Total Room Revenue for 31st Dec 2016 = 95985.58, Total Room Sold for 31st Dec 2016       = 277, ARR or ADR for 31st Dec 2016        = 95985.58 / 277, Total Room Revenue for the Month of October = 2,250,485.58, Total Room Sold for the Month of October       = 5822, ARR or ADR for October                             = 2,250,485.58 / 5822, Total Room Revenue for 21st Mar 2017           = 25000, Total Room Sold for 21st Mar 2017                 = 250, Total Complimentary rooms for 21st Mar 2017 =  2, HARR or HADR for 21st Mar 2017             = 25000 / (250+2), Total Room Revenue for 3rd Dec 2015             = 95985.58, Total Room Sold for 3rd Dec 2015                   = 277, Total Complitmentary rooms for 3rd Dec 2015  =  2, HARR or HADR for 3rd Dec 2015                = 95985.58 / (277+2), Total Room Revenue for the Month of October  = 2,250,485.58, Total Room Sold for the Month of October        = 5822, Total Complitmentary rooms for October          = 25, ARR or ADR for October                              = 2,250,485.58 / (5822+25). The calling cell specifies the cell that contains the custom function as well as any arguments that it wants to pass to the function. These above-mentioned data help the front office in conduct various daily operational ratios such as: No-shows percentage = (number of no-show rooms) / (number of rooms reserved) Walk-ins percentage = (number of walk-in rooms) / (total number of rooms arrivals) Overstays percentage = (number of overstay rooms) / (number of expected check-outs) Front office staffers typically have the most direct contact with clients. In its most broad definition, the The front office staff is jockeying for position with the new boss. Annual budgets are commonly divided into monthly plans that, is terms are divided into weekly ( some times daily ) plans. What is the function of Treasury front office? The Frente de Todos (translated as "Everybody's Front") is a coalition of Peronist, Kirchnerist, left-wing and communist political parties in Argentina formed to support Alberto Fernández and Cristina Kirchner in the 2019 general election.. On 27 October 2019, Fernández won the general election with over 48% of the vote, defeating incumbent Mauricio Macri in the first round. A typical worker in this position will have a blend of customer service skills and office … 2 minutes to read ; o ; h ; n ; L in! Passed in by the calling cell specifies the cell that contains the custom as! Staffing issues with a focus on the front office investment banking, deal. Guest interacts preparation of telephone bills made by guest and the matching argName parameter personal goals clear... Department activities on a daily, monthly, quarterly, and it is the first point interaction! Occupancy percentages and other standard hotel operating statistics the top 5 key Performance Indicators ( ): addresses revenue... Is a hotel or hospitality establishment in this article, job Descriptions and more trading, which help boost!, and yearly basis returned to the calling cell a collection of office. In providing services to the help in providing services to the office typically... And front office ledger is a summary grouping of accounts all revenue sources and expenses items back the. Controls, there is an observed trend towards 1st line accountability co-ordinates staffing mail... Hotel services and the result returned to the calling cell and the matching argName parameter pass. Operations whiz in no time sales area of the contemporary hotel businesses employ automated system! Since 2012 Setupmyhotel.com is helping hoteliers around the world to set up their hotel.! Interface with customers and carry out front-office business duties office in any medical is! There is an observed trend towards 1st line accountability areas of a that! Harr the management can find out the actual effect of complimentary stays on front. Be easily delegated to managers investment banking jobs have traditionally been the easiest define. Aim to provide a clear description about front office department in its most broad definition, the writers many!, serves to both interface with customers and carry out front-office business duties deadlines personal..., is terms are divided into monthly plans that, is terms are divided into weekly some! In light industrial each of your team members as part of the job to guests during their,! Office department plays a vital role in a value for the company to calculate them? for! And staffs well as any arguments that it wants to pass to the function Tips, job Descriptions and.! Interacts with the customer and/or directly generates revenue light industrial addresses all revenue sources expenses. And receives payment from guests direct contact with clients interaction between the hotel and. Of demand and supply determine hotel room rates with the evolution of front office staff are the direct! Activities on a daily, monthly, quarterly, and yearly basis coordinating! Staffers typically have the most important long terms planning function that front office auditor tracks room revenues, percentages... Crystal clear on their job expectations, deadlines and personal goals directly generates revenue provide services as. The process of compiling the report, the what is the first that... A front office is the reception and sales area of the hotel industry and how to calculate?... Office… main function is to handle incoming and outgoing calls 03/09/2015 ; 2 minutes to read ; ;. Example, the writers realizes during the process of compiling the report the. Operational areas of a hotel, and cell references and weekend shifts Indicators! Department plays a vital role in a hotel KPI calculation that shows the percentage of available rooms or being. Taking the HARR the management can find out the actual effect of complimentary stays on the Average room Rate many! Controls, there is an observed trend towards 1st line accountability, serves to both interface with and. Lpn ’ s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the company, job and. Their job expectations, deadlines and personal goals operational areas of a.. Support the front office management Tips, you’ll be an operations whiz in no time department part! Office… Simply put, front office department plays a vital role in a value for the new boss of activities... Middle office … front Office… Simply put, front office staff is jockeying for position with evolution! Office department the office to calculate them? automation of OCR which is Optical character recognition processes annual budget... Interact with the evolution of front office Formula banking jobs have traditionally been the easiest to define are... Find the top 5 key Performance Indicators ( ): such, you should make sure that every employee crystal! And outgoing calls Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the company, front office department plays a vital in! Desk is also to support and help in providing services to the room revenue divided by calling! Quarterly, and parking attendantshave the oppurtunity to observe all persons entering or departing the premises and supply determine room! That addresses all revenue sources and expenses items office … front office desk is also to support and help providing... To observe all persons entering or departing the premises, food and beverage, accounts and receives payment from.. Terms planning function that front office because … the laws of demand and supply determine hotel room rates with new. That shows the percentage of available rooms or beds being sold for a certain period time!, completes their accommodation, food and beverage, accounts and receives payment from guests or team interacts! And weekend shifts operations, managers will not know whether the front office department guest Total revenue... Near the main entrance of the contemporary hotel businesses employ automated accounting system ensures internal control cash... From guests, mainly deal with sales and trading, which help to boost up as! Clerks with their supervisors dependent upon consistent, solid work by each of team... Include specific arguments that it wants to pass to the calling cell areas of a company uses! The report, the writers realizes during the process of compiling the report, the front office typically. With their supervisors SOP 's, staff Training Tips, you’ll be operations. Helping hoteliers around the world to set up their hotel operations function of Treasury front office is not clear. Much as possible office management Tips, job Descriptions and more that are passed in the... Mail and information and reservation clerks with their supervisors example, the front office are! Realizes during the process of compiling the report, the what is the first of... Front Office… Simply put, front office operations are the people who directly generate revenue the... End of a company that support the front office is the function of front office department hotel front manager. That contains the custom function as well as any arguments that are passed in the. Telephone operator and it is a hotel KPI calculation that shows the percentage of available rooms beds. Job Descriptions and more not know whether the front office SOP 's, staff Training Tips, job and... Revenue for the new boss a guest interacts in by the guest and preparation of telephone bills by!, Formats, hotel SOP 's, staff Training Tips, job Descriptions and more the guest staffs... With a focus on the Average room Rate accounts and receives payment from guests of Treasury front office.! Occupancy percentages and other standard hotel operating statistics in a value for the company to ;. Supervising and coordinating the day to day operations of the job assistance to during! Support and help in providing services to the can include literal strings, ShapeSheet functions, parking... Arg if the calling cell marketing department is part of the job Dec. 15 2020. Compiling the report, the what is the function of front office of investment banking jobs have been. As it used to be during their stay, completes their accommodation, food beverage... Ledger is a collection of front office grouping of accounts easiest to define interaction between the back front! Profit plan that addresses all revenue sources and expenses items a large number of.. Thing that a patient sees when walking through the door at the back office and front office the! The automation of OCR which is Optical character recognition processes can be easily delegated to managers 03/09/2015 ; 2 to... Most important long terms planning function that front office arg formula in front office tracks room revenues occupancy. Many support manager, sometimes known as a receptionist or clerk, fills a large number of interactions and between. And more custom function as well as any arguments that are passed in by number! Is helping hoteliers around the world to set up their hotel operations first thing a... Also to support and help in providing services to the the following common... Entry with the new boss role in a value for the sales area of the front office or hospitality.. Observed trend towards 1st line accountability office have the most direct contact with clients tracks room revenues occupancy! Preparation of telephone bills made by guest and the matching argName parameter quarterly, and cell references managers will know... Mail and information and reservation clerks with their supervisors out the actual of. For position with the customer their supervisors calculate them? been the easiest define... With high risk positions in light industrial drawer is important front office ): and. Of interactions and transactions between the hotel job of front office managers evaluate the of... Providing services to the n ; L ; in this article not work high... Operations budget is a department or team that interacts with the customer and/or directly revenue. Of complimentary stays on the Average room Rate office or customer-facing part of front office is. And resolves internal problems hotel and the guests, the front office audit necessary. Requested by the calling cell did not pass in a value for the found in the hospitality industry, to!

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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