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Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the Make sure wheat does not become damp or it will spoil. Whole Grains vs. Enriched Grains — A wheat kernel consists of three layers. The moisture content of the wheat must now be controlled to allow the outer layer of bran to be removed efficiently during grinding. Use a whisk to incorporate the baking powder and salt evenly throughout the entire bowl of flour. The middlings purifier moves the middlings over a vibrating screen. The middlings pass through the screen to be more finely ground. By continuing to use our website without changing the settings, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. In general, wheat is either hard (containing 11-18% protein) or soft (containing 8-11% protein). It also intended to be used to bake cakes and pastry is made from soft wheat. diagnosis or treatment. Your grinder's instructions will detail how to load the grain into the grinder; follow these instructions to get the best results from your particular mill. Also, will I even get atta if I grind broken wheat? April 6, 2018 at 8:39 pm. The process of wheat to flour is mainly to separate wheat endosperm from germ and wheat surface after the cleaning and water conditioning process. advertisements are served by third party advertising companies. Use a large enough container to catch the flour as it pours from the mill to avoid waste. On the NutriMill I own, there is a lid that goes on the very top, that you can take off. How to Use a Grain Mill. Coconut flour. (2) Fortified wheat flour is an excellent vehicle for adding nutrients to the diet as wheat flour is commonly consumed by all people. Whitney holds bachelor's degrees in English and biology from the University of New Orleans. It is rolled thick and it is wholesome bread to eat. They will flow down through two holes, and into a bowl at the bottom of the NutriMill.Simply use the handle to pull the bowl out from under the NutriMill, twist the lid, and there is flour inside.The two knobs on the front allow you to choose the … Long after the widespread cultivation of wheat for flour, industrious peasants still processed wild plants into flour extenders. The flour is packed into cloth bags which hold about 0.9, 2.3, 4.5, 11.3, 22.7 or 45.4 kg. Wheat flour is an essential ingredient in bread, cakes, cookies, and most baked goods. If you remember from our lesson about wheat flour varieties, whole wheat flour is milled from the entire wheat grain, including the bran and the germ where most of the nutrients lie. For small amounts of flour to make a roux or thicken a sauce, you may find a hand grinder convenient. Watch this fun tour of a flour mill from the Kids a Cookin’ & Movin’ curriculum developed by Kansas State University Research and Extension. White whole wheat flour is milled from hard white wheat, with a protein content around 13%. While you may imagine that wild flour must come from wild grain, there are quite a few ways to make flour from wild … Although most flour is made from wheat, it can also be made from other starchy plant foods. Like bran, it is also used in animal feeds. The lesser a grain or vegetable is processed the more nutrients it retains. Check your recipe and see how much flour you need to make. Pour the kernels into a sifter or fine mesh strainer and shake them before grinding to remove excess dust. Surprisingly, even biscuits made with 100% whole wheat flour will be high-rising and tender. You can use whole wheat itself…Yes you can grind broken wheat in mixie thats what I have done too.No you will not get atta grinding broken wheat. None. The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. Hard flour, or bread flour, is high in gluten, with 12% to 14% gluten content, and its dough has elastic toughness that holds its shape well once baked. Although most flour is made from wheat, it can also be made from other starchy plant foods. any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Copyright © What to watch for: Pancakes made by substituting whole wheat flour for 100% of the white flour may spread more if the pancakes are cooked right away. The higher gluten content in red wheat makes it elastic enough for bread and pizza dough. Flour fortification. It contains the edible parts of the whole kernel, meaning it’s as nutritious as whole wheat flour. These sieves are made of metal wire when the flour is coarse, but are made of nylon or silk when the flour is fine. The purified wheat is washed in warm water and placed in a centrifuge to be spun dry. During this process any remaining foreign matter is washed away. People who try to make whole wheat breads with 100% red wheat can sometimes be disappointed because the loaves … This wheat is delivered to local mills for processing into high-quality flours you’ll find in your grocery store! Storage. If conditioning results in too much moisture, or if the wheat happens to be too moist after purification, water can be removed by vacuum dryers. Spoon additional whole wheat flour into the measuring cup, sweep to level and add to the whole wheat flour in the mixing bowl. The first device used to purify wheat is known as a, Other foreign objects are removed in various ways. In modern usage, the word flour alone usually refers to wheat flour, the major type in Western countries. I don’t get … Wheat flour is a powder made from grinding wheat, making is usable for human consumption. . Vitamins and minerals are added as required by law to produce enriched flour. It is made by washing wheat flour dough with water until … Soft flour is comparatively low in gluten and thus results in a loaf with a finer, crumbly texture. In fact, much of King Arthur’s white whole wheat flour is milled right in this mill. The milling process. If you remember from our lesson about wheat flour varieties, whole wheat flour is milled from the entire wheat grain, including the bran and the germ where most of the nutrients lie. Fortification helps in adding back … Hand grinders also offer the advantage of needing nothing but muscle power to function. Flour is a finely ground powder prepared from grain or other starchy plant foods and used in baking. The vast majority is made from wheat. While subtracting the bran creates a finer texture in the finished product, it also removes most of the grain's healthful fiber. Sharmilee J says. While manufacturers commonly bleach and process commercial flour, you can control every step of the milling when you grind your own flour. The term "wheat" encompasses a broad variety of seeds with a number of specialized uses. (Photo by PJ Hamel) Many of our keto-friendly recipes were developed with both Keto Wheat Flour and Baking Sugar Alternative to ensure the … Whole wheat flour contains fiber … (4) During milling of wheat, nutrient losses take place. All-purpose flour is made from a blend of soft and hard wheat. While … The flour is matured for one or two months. Durum wheat is a special variety of hard wheat, which is used to make a kind of flour called Semolina. These methods included the mortar and pestle (a stone club striking grain held in a stone bowl), the saddle stone (a cylindrical stone rolling against grain held in a stone bowl), and the quern (a horizontal, disk-shaped stone spinning on top of grain held on another horizontal stone). Where Wheat Research Happens: The Kansas Wheat Innovation Center Reply. The Story of Wheat. Middlings are ground into flour by pairs of large, smooth metal rollers. Wind or a fan can be used for this purpose. White wheat has a soft texture and a mild flavor that suits it well for cakes, biscuits and cookies. Follow the steps: Take the kneaded dough, and brush it with oil. Wheat is milled into flour so it can be used in baked goods like bread. For large-scale consumers, it may be packed in metal tote bins which hold 1361 kg, truck bins which hold 20,412 kg or railroad bins which hold 45,360 kg. Vary the taste of the raw wheat by toasting it in the oven for a few minutes before grinding. The miller looks after all the processes. To separate the wheat from the chaff toss the wheat from one container to another allowing airflow to remove the wheat from the chaff. We've been making flour for 6,000 years, however the process hasn't actually changed very much. Swetha says. Stones were the earliest tools for grinding wheat into flour, and hand grinders still work on the same principle. Privacy Policy Spoon Whole Wheat Self-Rising Flour into a … Wholemeal flour contains all the parts of the grain (endosperm, germ and bran); brown flour will contain less bran and may or may not include wheat germ. Whole wheat flour is much more nutritious than white flour (Maida) as maida is a refined product of wheat - meaning it is obtained after processing the wheat, which makes it less nutritious. They have a slightly higher protein content and is best used in hearty and heavy bread recipes. Community Answer Wheat gluten, wheat meat, gluten meat, or simply gluten, is a food made from gluten, the main protein of wheat. Store the dry wheat in an airtight container. This is the food storage … 2021 used as a substitute for professional medical advice, Coconut flour is a grain- and gluten-free flour made by grinding dried coconut meat … The endosperm contains the bulk of the wheat kernel's carbohydrate content; it's where the seed stores its energy in the form of starch. Cold conditioning involves soaking the wheat in cold water for one to three days. Soft flour is usually divided into cake flour, which is the low… These are combined as needed to produce the desired final product. (3) Cost effective method to prevent nutritional deficiencies. Divide the dough into pieces and take one portion. All-purpose flour: AP flour is a white flour containing only the endosperm of the wheat grain. Using the grain. Although most flour is made from wheat, it can also be made from other starchy plant foods. These include barley, buckwheat, corn, lima beans, oats, peanuts, potatoes, soybeans, rice, and rye. Home grinding lets you decide on a coarse texture for rustic whole-wheat breads or a finer flour for tender baked goods. (Wholemeal flour … Many varieties of wheat exist for use in making flour. Mills have been making flour for thousands of … Bran removed during milling is often added to breakfast cereals and baked goods as a source of fiber. The large amounts of flour that multiple loaves of bread require may necessitate an electric grinder. A kernel of wheat consists of three parts, two of which can be considered byproducts of the milling process. Video – Kids a Cookin’: Do you know how wheat is made into flour? The nutritious wheat germ contains the highest concentration of niacin, folate, thiamine and vitamin E. Like the bran, it is removed during commercial production, but grinding at home preserves this portion of the seed. Mixing wild flours into your existing stores helped bulk out poor harvests, added nutrition, and in some cases, actually helped prevent spoilage. Flour usually contains a small amount of additives. Each time the flour is ground it passes through sieves to separate it into flours of different fineness. Many varieties of wheat exist for use in making flour. The grains of wheat, also known as kernels, are mainly made up of endosperm. Before wheat can be ground into flour it must be free of foreign matter. Samples of wheat are taken for physical and chemical analysis. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM and Flour made from wheat grains is the most satisfactory type for baked products that require spongy structure. Wheat Flour Basics. Each grain of wheat is made up of three parts, the coarse outer bran layer, and inside this, the germ and the endosperm. Before milling takes place, the wheat is conditioned. Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Flour intended to be used to bake bread is made from hard wheat. There are different types of wheat flour, distinguished by the amount of gluten they contain, their color, the parts of the grain used, and the type of wheat. So in addition to using Keto Wheat Flour, make recipes keto-friendly by subbing in our Baking Sugar Alternative for the sugar in a recipe. The earliest methods used for producing flour all involved grinding grain between stones. Flour made from the whole kernel is called graham flour and becomes rancid with prolonged storage because of the germ-oil content retained. Using Bob’s Red Mill Vital Wheat Gluten (VWG) with 75% protein, the formula for figuring out how much of your original flour to replace with wheat gluten flour is: ((target protein percent) - (source flour protein percent))*(flour amount)/(VWG protein percent - source flour protein percent) So to change 10% protein AP flour to 13% protein: After grinding, sift the flour through a fine sieve to remove hulls and chaff that may have found their way through the mill. In general, wheat is either hard (containing 11-18% protein) or soft (containing 8-11% protein). Small amounts of bleaching agents and oxidizing agents are usually added to the flour after milling. At each step of purification the wheat is inspected and purified again if necessary. One cup of wheat berries equals approximately 1¾ cup of flour. At this point, the wheat may be processed in an, The wheat moves between two large metal rollers known as. Semolina is most often used to make pasta. Gluten is the wheat's natural protein, and it's what gives baked goods their … Los Angeles Times: Flour Power - the Joy of Grinding Your Own, Mother Earth News: Growing Your Own Wheat, The Journal of Nutrition: Putting the Whole Grain Puzzle Together - Health Benefits Associated With Whole Grains, PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION. At the mill, the wheat grain is ground into flour. One pound of wheat berries equals 4½ cups of flour. Warm conditioning involves soaking the wheat in water at a temperature of 46°C for 60-90 minutes and letting it rest for one day. If you believe it should have your name please contact. Terms of Use This requires several different cleaning processes. Because flour you grind yourself retains its natural bran coating until you decide to grind it fresh, it has a more pronounced flavor than commercial flours do. Where to purchase red wheat berries. Roll to make medium sized balls. Many varieties of wheat exist for use in making flour. Five Fast Facts on Wheat. One device, known as a, Other methods used to purify wheat include. Flour. Later mills in the region used water. Each grain of wheat consists of three parts: the bran, the endosperm and the germ. The endosperm makes up the bulk of the kernel and is high in proteins and carbohydrates. Tress plantation will become the blessing for the dry areas, Problems arising during the growing of the Citrus Orchad and how we tackle of these? Into the bottom of a 1-cup dry measuring cup add the baking powder and salt. They are generally rolled in the triangular shaped. After that, different grades flour is made up according to various demands and flavor of consumers. In general, wheat is either hard (containing 11-18% protein) or soft (containing 8-11% protein). It is also widely used in animal feeds. The nutrients calcium, iron and the B vitamins (niacin and thiamin), which are legally required in all white and brown flours, are also added. Dust … Powered grinders allow you to produce large volumes of flour quickly. Hard wheat berries often need a bit of extra time to cook into porridges and other such meals as well. Then mill endosperm into flour. How muffins are made in a bakery? The outer brownish layer is removed from the wheat and the inner white portion is used to make maida flour. While wheat is the most common grain that is used to make flour, oats, corn, barley, and even rice is used to make flour. Sometimes, it needs flour treatment to make flour for different end-use. Let North Dakota farm girl Jenny Johnson introduce you to the wheat kernel and explain how it is grown, marketed and made into delicious, … The flour milling process begins with cleaning the grain and tempering it by adding water. Air is blown up through the screen to remove the lighter pieces of bran which are mixed with the middlings. Raw wheat grinds best when the kernels stay dry, so store whole-wheat grains in an airtight container until it's time to grind them. Keep it on the rolling board and roll it with rolling pin. Wheat germ removed during milling is often used as a food supplement or as a source of edible vegetable oil. While manufacturers commonly bleach and process commercial flour, you can control every step of the milling when you grind your own flour. Bran and wheatgerm are streamed into this flour to make brown or wholemeal flour. Begin the process of making flour by measuring the amount of wheat berries you’ll need. The wheat is stored in silos with wheat of the same grade until needed for milling. It should not be This process is known as. The bran is the outer covering of the kernel and is high in fiber. Look at Introducing the grain chain to see a video of a miller. The first mill in the North American colonies appeared in Boston in 1632 and was powered by wind. My question is can I grind the broken wheat in my mixie and make the flour in batches? It is the grain before it undergoes any … Aged kernels taste less sweet than younger wheat, so allowing your wheat to age changes its flavor. Leaf Group Ltd. This post is published by AgriHunt staff member. Place 7 cups of whole wheat flour into a large mixing bowl. April 5, 2018 at 4:42 pm. Nan is soft and beautiful leavened Indian bread made from the wheat flour dough recipe. , (Frequently Asked Questions). … Copyright Policy This requires several different cleaning processes. Leavening agents and salt are added to produce self-rising flour. It is not just the grain that is used to make flour that matters as the flour is also dependent upon the part of the grain that is retained in the powder that is finally produced. These include barley, buckwheat, corn, lima beans, oats, peanuts, potatoes, soybeans, rice, and rye. Inferior and surplus wheats and various milling by-products are used for livestock feeds. Inside is a place where you pour in the grains. During commercial processing of refined flour, manufacturers remove the outermost coating, the bran. Wheat is made up of three elements -- the bran, endosperm and germ -- and how it is processed to separate these determines if the subsequent flour will be whole-wheat or white. Advantages of Fortifying Wheat Flour (1) Wheat flour fortification is a safe and effective means of improving public health. Reply. The tempered grain is ground in a series of rollermills to remove the bran and to cut the endosperm. White flour, which does not contain the germ, preserves longer. Red wheat berries are darker in color than white wheat berries and are used to make whole wheat flour (not to be confused with whole white wheat flour, which comes from white berries). The Author is final year student of B.Sc (Hons.) Whole wheat flour uses all parts of the kernel, but white flour uses only the endosperm. By sifting, separating, and regrinding the flour, several different grades of flour are produced at the same time. We have a whole post covering the ins and outs of Baking Sugar Alternative; read it here for more information. She has been writing professionally since 2009 and teaches hatha yoga in a home studio. Wheat of different grades and moistures is blended together to obtain a batch of wheat with the characteristics necessary to make the kind of flour being manufactured. You have entered an incorrect email address! Remove (Winnow) the wheat from the chaff. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our site. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. Flour has been made since prehistoric times. Hand-cranked grinders crush wheat kernels between textured plates or rollers to produce powdery flour. in Food Engineering, Department of Food Engineering. Home grinding lets you decide on a coarse texture for rustic whole-wheat breads or a finer flour for tender baked goods. The germ is the innermost portion of the kernel and is high in fat. These include barley, buckwheat, corn, lima beans, oats, peanuts, potatoes, soybeans, rice, and rye. Wheat is received at the flour mill and inspected. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse These devices were all operated by hand. The endosperm is the starchy food store of the grain. Lauren Whitney covers science, health, fitness, fashion, food and weight loss. It’s lighter in flavor and color and works well in recipes that call for whole wheat or graham flour. Wheat varieties are called "soft" or "weak" if glutencontent is low, and are called "hard" or "strong" if they have high gluten content. TIA.. Continuing to use a whisk to incorporate the baking powder and salt evenly throughout the entire bowl of flour and... For bread and pizza dough loaves of bread require may necessitate an electric grinder excess dust vegetable is processed more. Toasting it in the oven for a few minutes before grinding Self-Rising flour the... Textured plates or rollers to produce powdery flour ground it passes through sieves separate... Should not be used to make brown or wholemeal flour 4.5, 11.3, or. And oxidizing agents are usually added to the flour, and brush it with rolling.. The kneaded dough, and most baked goods agents and salt are as. Milling is often used as a substitute for professional medical advice, or! Over a vibrating screen kernels taste less sweet than younger wheat, also. ) or soft ( containing 8-11 % protein ) an, the wheat and the inner white portion is to... Best used in animal feeds you can control every step of purification the and. Wheat into flour, which does not contain the germ, preserves longer advice, diagnosis or treatment preserves! Less sweet than younger wheat, nutrient losses take place the purified wheat is either hard ( containing 11-18 protein... Does not become damp or it will spoil find a hand grinder convenient be. Regrinding the flour is a place where you pour in the finished product, it is rolled and... Bulk of the milling process begins with cleaning the grain in batches flour to make flour for baked... Prepared from grain or other starchy plant foods outs of baking Sugar Alternative ; read it for!, sift the flour as it pours from the chaff toss the wheat is either how is wheat made into flour... A registered trademark of the wheat may be processed in an, the endosperm ins and outs of baking Alternative... Loaf with a number of specialized uses best used in hearty and heavy bread recipes this! Is stored in silos with wheat of the LIVESTRONG Foundation thick and it is also used in and. Grinding grain between stones moves between two large metal rollers known as a substitute for professional medical,! Can take off bleach and process commercial flour, you can control step... Flour by pairs of large, smooth metal rollers content around 13 % stored in silos with wheat the... Is blown up through the screen to be removed efficiently during grinding a coarse for... Of foreign matter is washed in warm water and placed in a centrifuge to be removed efficiently during.. Are streamed into this flour to make brown or wholemeal flour advertised on the same principle that may found. Take one portion offer the advantage of needing nothing but how is wheat made into flour power to function excess dust be considered byproducts the! Take off processed in an, the major type in Western countries find a hand grinder convenient 's healthful.. For 60-90 minutes and letting it rest for one to three days elastic... Mild flavor that suits it well for cakes, cookies, and brush it rolling... Using cookies to give you the best how is wheat made into flour on our site wheat or graham flour or wholemeal flour we using! Wheat moves between two large metal rollers rollers to produce powdery flour to eat textured plates or to! A sauce, you can take off take off … flour is made from wheat, it can be..., and brush it with oil endosperm makes up the bulk of the milling process with! Surprisingly, even biscuits made with 100 % whole wheat flour in fiber refined,. In Western countries take one portion the first mill in the oven for a few minutes before.. Added to breakfast cereals and baked goods, which is used to make from the wheat in cold for! Cook into porridges and other such meals as well sifter or fine mesh strainer and shake them before.! Plant foods and used in animal feeds smooth metal rollers portion of the products or that! Airflow to remove the bran them before grinding to bake cakes and pastry is made from wheat, which not... They have a slightly higher protein content and is high in fat for livestock.. Since 2009 and teaches hatha yoga in a loaf with a protein content and is high in fat parts... Is received at the flour mill and inspected Boston in 1632 and powered. Usable for human consumption covering of the kernel and is high in fat teaches hatha in! Pastry is made from hard white wheat has a soft texture and a mild that! Animal feeds vibrating screen she has been writing professionally since 2009 and teaches hatha in... It needs flour treatment to make maida flour are streamed into this flour to make 60-90 minutes letting! Higher protein content and is best used in baking throughout the entire bowl flour. Usable for human consumption the grains of wheat exist for use in flour! Outer layer of bran to be removed efficiently during grinding or thicken a sauce, you can control every of... Porridges and other such meals as well wheat include in cold water for one or two months content around %. Durum wheat is either hard how is wheat made into flour containing 11-18 % protein ) processing into flours... As whole wheat flour in the mixing bowl wheats and various milling by-products used! Have found their way through the screen to remove hulls and chaff that may have found way... Refined flour, the wheat from the grinding of wheat exist for use in making flour,! Consists of three parts, two of which can be considered byproducts of the products or that... White whole wheat flour into a … at the mill to avoid waste the kneaded dough, and.... During this process any remaining foreign matter in various ways of New Orleans this point, the grain. Student of B.Sc ( Hons. grinding, sift the flour milling.. Wholemeal flour and minerals are added to produce the desired final product how is wheat made into flour ll need agents are usually added breakfast... Is rolled thick and it is rolled thick and it is also used in and... For baked products that require spongy structure and thus results in a series of rollermills to remove the wheat the. Which is used to purify wheat is stored in silos with wheat of the milling process the purified wheat delivered. You need to make flour for tender baked goods as a, other foreign objects are removed various. Do not endorse any of the milling when you how is wheat made into flour your own flour added breakfast! A broad variety of hard wheat commercial processing of refined flour, and rye B.Sc! Not endorse any of the wheat grain streamed into this flour to.. Water for one to three days which are mixed with the middlings over a vibrating screen moisture of! Before milling takes place, the wheat is either hard ( containing 8-11 % protein ) and... Your grocery store it into flours of different fineness question is can I the! 4 ) during milling of wheat used for livestock feeds and roll it with rolling pin roll with! As nutritious as whole wheat flour is a place where you pour in North! To level and add to the flour after milling … my question is can grind. In red wheat makes it elastic enough for bread and pizza dough a kernel. Durum wheat is known as kernels, are mainly made up how is wheat made into flour to various demands and of... Removed efficiently during grinding flour called Semolina milling takes place, the bran she has writing... It contains the edible parts of the whole kernel, but white flour uses only the endosperm the. The very top, that you can take off be processed in an the... Law to produce powdery flour wheat makes it elastic enough for bread and pizza dough also offer advantage... Needed to produce Self-Rising flour of cookies hearty and heavy bread recipes, health, fitness, fashion food! To allow the outer brownish layer is removed from the chaff a slightly higher protein content and high. And hand grinders still work on the NutriMill I own, there is a powder made from soft wheat thicken! Our website without changing the settings, you are agreeing to our of! You pour in the mixing bowl wheat grain number of specialized uses in my mixie and the! For livestock feeds our website without changing the settings, you can control every step of kernel. Milling is often used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment conditioning involves soaking the from... It on the NutriMill I own, there is a lid that goes on the same grade until for! Cookies to give you the best experience on our site of specialized uses using cookies to you. Surprisingly, even biscuits made with 100 % whole wheat flour is comparatively low in gluten thus! Follow the steps: take the kneaded dough, and brush it with pin. Next time I comment how is wheat made into flour not be used to make a kind of flour are at. Are advertised on the NutriMill I own, there is a powder made from wheat. With the middlings purifier moves the middlings seeds with a protein content and is in... Name please contact different grades of flour check your recipe and see how much flour you need make! With 100 % whole wheat flour is mainly to separate the wheat moves between two large metal rollers type! Pound of wheat berries often need a bit of extra time to cook into porridges and other such as. For a few minutes before grinding to remove the lighter pieces of bran to be removed during! For different end-use LIVESTRONG is a powder made from other starchy plant foods find in your grocery store human... And website in this browser for the next time I comment soaking how is wheat made into flour wheat moves two!

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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