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Substitution (Solve) Substitution ciphers are those types where individual characters of the plaintext are replaced by another character and arranged in the same order. Second line of input contains the string which you have to encrypt. Input: edit Given a plain-text message and a numeric key, cipher/de-cipher the given text using Columnar Transposition Cipher. For example with a shift of 1, A would be replaced by B, B would become C, and so on. out example of a substitution cipher is given in Figure 2. When it was first put to the British Foreign Office as a cipher, it was rejected due to its perceived complexity. A keyword is used as the key, and it determines the letter matchings of the cipher alphabet to the plain alphabet. generate link and share the link here. Assume a plain-text security is important, and generate the corresponding cipher text using rail-fence technique. While encrypting the message, whitespace, special characters and numbers remain unaffected. A String of both lower and upper case letters, called PlainText. Keyword discovery allows immediate decryption since the table can be made immediately. Substitution of single letters separately — simple substitution — can be demonstrated by writing out the alphabet in some order to represent the substitution. brightness_4 The earliest known example of this, from 1401, is shown below: [Source: “Quadibloc” cryptography blog] Encrypted : K R Y P T O S A B C D E F G H I J L M N Q U V W X Z, With KRYPTOS as the keyword, all As become Ks, all Bs become Rs and so on. Hiding some data is known as encryption. By using our site, you They are generally much more difficult to break than standard substitution ciphers. What is today known as the Vigenère Cipher was actually first described by Giovan Battista Bellaso in his 1553 book La cifra del. The point discussed in this lecture:- 1. Attention reader! Encryption of a letter by a shift n can be described mathematically as. until the keyword is used up, whereupon the rest of the ciphertext letters are used in alphabetical order, excluding those already used in the key. close, link Difference between Monoalphabetic Cipher and Polyalphabetic Cipher, Rail Fence Cipher - Encryption and Decryption, Encrypt using XOR Cipher with Repeating Key, Data Structures and Algorithms – Self Paced Course, We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website. To decode the message you check the position of given message in encrypting text with the plain text. Don’t stop learning now. c) none of the above. The term "Le Chiffre Indechiffrable" refers to which cipher system? In a Substitution cipher, any character of plain text from the given fixed set of characters is substituted by some other character from the same set depending on a key. A short example should hopefully illuminate the problem: Say for example we are given a message to decipher: FJKFPO, and we know it is enciphered with a substitution cipher. Ecient Cryptanalysis of Homophonic Substitution Ciphers Amrapali Dhavare Richard M. LowyMark Stampz Abstract Substitution ciphers are among the earliest methods of encryption. The Homophonic Substitution Cipher involves replacing each letter with a variety of substitutes, the number of potential substitutes being proportional to the frequency of the letter. Figure 2 gives one such cipher and a sample message using it. Please use ide.geeksforgeeks.org, It’s simply a type of substitution cipher, i.e., each letter of a given text is replaced by a letter some fixed number of positions down the alphabet. Homophonic Substitution was an early attempt to make Frequency Analysis a less powerful method of cryptanalysis. For a description of the ciphers go to the Substitution (Create) menu pages on this site. Writing code in comment? For each character, transform the given character as per the rule, depending on whether we’re encrypting or decrypting the text. Encoded message: IlmWjbaEb gq NmWbp, edit 3) In chapter two, an example of a homophonic substitution cipher … First line of input contains keyword which you wish to enter. Now, how we generate the deciphered string? See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. Modified Ceasar Cipher Algorithm 3. The Columnar Transposition Cipher is a form of transposition cipher just like Rail Fence Cipher.Columnar Transposition involves writing the plaintext out in rows, and then reading the ciphertext off in columns one by one. Our motivation for considering homophonic substitution ciphers is the unsolved \Zodiac 340," which was created by the infamous Zodiac killer in 1969 [5]. Polygram Cipher … It differs from the Caesar cipherin that the cipher alphabet is not simply the alphabet shifted, it is completely jumbled. Whitespace, special character and numbers does not takes into consideration in keyword although you can put it in there. Please use ide.geeksforgeeks.org, 1. quipqiup is a fast and automated cryptogram solver by Edwin Olson.It can solve simple substitution ciphers often found in newspapers, including puzzles like cryptoquips (in which word boundaries are preserved) and patristocrats (inwhi chwor dboun darie saren t). Encrypted : K R Y P T O S A B C D E F G H I J L M N Q U V W X Z, Message : PTYBIATLEP In a homophonic substitution cipher, the mapping is not one-to-one. Experience. Early attempts to thwart frequency analysis attacks on ciphers involved using homophonic substitutions, i.e., some letters map to more than one ciphertext symbol. Decoding substitution ciphers is a popular activity among amateur cryptographersand peo-ple who enjoy word puzzles. The answer is 'not really'. 5. Difference between Monoalphabetic Cipher and Polyalphabetic Cipher, Rail Fence Cipher - Encryption and Decryption, Transforming a Plain Text message to Cipher Text, Encrypt using XOR Cipher with Repeating Key, Data Structures and Algorithms – Self Paced Course, We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website. The Caesar Cipher technique is one of the earliest and simplest method of encryption technique. Attention geek! This article is contributed by Sachin Bisht. Sender and receiver have pre-arranged to use a pattern to remove certain letters from the message which leaves only the true message behind What is the main feature of polygram substitution cipher? The simple substitution cipher offers very little communication security, and it will be shown that it can be easily broken even by hand, especially as th… For simple substitution cipher, the set of all possible keys … Repeats of letters in the word are removed, then the cipher alphabet is generated with the keyword matching to A, B, C etc. Examples of classic substitution ciphers include the well-known simple substitution and the less well-known homophonic substitution. They are generally much more difficult to break than standard substitution ciphers. A plain-text symbol can be encrypted to more than one ciphertext symbols. The Unicity Distance is a property of a certain cipher algorithm. One once-common variant of the substitution cipher is the nomenclator. The Autokey Cipher is a much more secure way of generating the keystream than the Vigenère Cipher, which is amazing since for over 200 years it was believed that the Vigenère was unbreakable. Substitution Cipher Technique: In Substitution Cipher Technique plain text characters are replaced with other characters, numbers and symbols as well as in substitution Cipher Technique, character’s identity is changed … Ceasar Cipher Algorithm 2. This is an encryption method … Usage. Superficially, polyphonic substitution ciphers resemble lipograms. Message hidden in unrelated text. Encrypting the message “knowledge is power” using the keyword “kryptos”: For example with a shift of 1, A would be replaced by B, B would become C, and so on. By using our site, you Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above. Both Substitution cipher technique and Transposition cipher technique are the types of Traditional cipher which are used to convert the plain text into cipher text.. By combining two or more simple transposition ciphers or substitution ciphers, a more secure encryption may result. Algorithm for Substitution Cipher: Giovan Battista Bellaso.However, in the 19th Century, it was misattributed to Blaise de Vigenère, who had presented a similar cipher (the Autokey Cipher) in 1586. To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. Deciphered Text : DECIPHERED. In 1969, the Zodiac 408 ciphertext was successfully deciphered by a school teacher using a homophonic substitution cipher. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. Four-Square Cipher. Experience. 3. Plaintext : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Plaintext : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z In the days of manual cryptography, brightness_4 The basic idea behind homophonic substitution is to allocate more than one letter or symbol to the higher frequency letters. substitution, but homophonic substitutions are inherently more challenging. Discuss homophonic substitution cipher with reference to mono-alphabetic cipher. cipher. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. simple substitution ciphers [5, 14, 18, 21] but this paper will focus on a fast attack that uses a hill climb search [13]. For example, the letter 'a' accounts for roughly 8% of all letters in English, so we assign 8 symbols to represent it. All the messages are encoded in uppercase. Homophonic Ciphers A homophonic cipher is a substitution cipher in which a given character may have any of a number of different representations. Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics. Writing code in comment? Product cipher, data encryption scheme in which the ciphertext produced by encrypting a plaintext document is subjected to further encryption. It answers the question 'if we performed a brute force attack, how much ciphertext would we need to be sure our solution was the true solution?'. A keyword is used as the key, and it determines the letter matchings of the cipher alphabet to the plain alphabet. A keyword cipher is a form of monoalphabetic substitution. It is a cipher key, and it is also called a substitution alphabet. Create a dictionary to store the subtitution for all characters. Introduction § The Homophonic Substitution cipher is a substitution cipher in which single plaintext letters can be replaced by any of several different ciphertext letters. A homophonic substitution cipher will tend to flatten the ciphertext statistics, making elementary cryptanalysis far more challenging as compared to a simple substitution [10]. In a Substitution cipher, any character of plain text from the given fixed set of characters is substituted by some other character from the same set depending on a key. acknowledge that you have read and understood our, GATE CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Syllabus for Scientist/Engineer Exam, Difference between Block Cipher and Stream Cipher, Implementation of Diffie-Hellman Algorithm, Java Implementation of Deffi-Hellman Algorithm between Client and Server, Introducing Threads in Socket Programming in Java, Multi-threaded chat Application in Java | Set 1 (Server Side Programming), Multi-threaded Chat Application in Java | Set 2 (Client Side Programming), Write a program to reverse an array or string, Write a program to print all permutations of a given string, Check for Balanced Brackets in an expression (well-formedness) using Stack, Different methods to reverse a string in C/C++, Understanding ShellExecute function and it's application to open a list of URLs present in a file using C++ code, Python program to check if a string is palindrome or not, Array of Strings in C++ (5 Different Ways to Create), Check whether two strings are anagram of each other, C Program to Check if a Given String is Palindrome, Reverse string in Python (5 different ways), Length of the longest substring without repeating characters, Program to print all substrings of a given string, Write Interview The encryption can be represented using modular arithmetic by first transforming the letters into numbers, according to the scheme, A = 0, B = 1,…, Z = 25. Here we are only taking A-Z in plain text. Monoalphabetic Cipher Algorithm 4. You can improve this Classical Cipher : Keyword also. The answer depends on the redundancy of English. e) none of the above. You can take uppercase,lowercase and numbers also into consideration. Substitution ciphers of famous quotes appear in many news-papers (near the crossword puzzle and the jumble) under the title of Cryptoquotes or Aris-tocrats. A keyword cipher is a form of monoalphabetic substitution. acknowledge that you have read and understood our, GATE CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Syllabus for Scientist/Engineer Exam, Difference between Block Cipher and Stream Cipher, Implementation of Diffie-Hellman Algorithm, Java Implementation of Deffi-Hellman Algorithm between Client and Server, Introducing Threads in Socket Programming in Java, Multi-threaded chat Application in Java | Set 1 (Server Side Programming), Multi-threaded Chat Application in Java | Set 2 (Client Side Programming), Adding new column to existing DataFrame in Pandas, Python program to convert a list to string, How to get column names in Pandas dataframe, Reading and Writing to text files in Python, isupper(), islower(), lower(), upper() in Python and their applications, Python | Program to convert String to a List, Different ways to create Pandas Dataframe, Write Interview the keyword are through known – plaintext attack, frequency analysis and discovery of the keyword (often a cryptanalyst will combine all three techniques). the opposite of the polyphonic substitution cipher is the homophonic substitution cipher I in which a single plaintext letter can be enciphered into several different cipher letters or symbols --for example, E might be repre sented by the number-pairs 13, 28 or 94. ) Note: Special case of Substitution cipher is known as Caesar cipher where the key is taken as 3. We search for ‘P’ in Encrypted Text and compare its position with plain text letter and generate that letter. Each plaintext character is replaced by another letter. The Homophonic Substitution cipher is a substitution cipher in which single plaintext letters can be replaced by any of several different ciphertext letters. 5. The simple substitution cipher is a cipher that has been in use for many hundreds of years (an excellent history is given in Simon Singhs 'the Code Book'). Encrypting the message: Knowledge is Power An extension to the simple substitution cipher 4. We can find many english word… It basically consists of substituting every plaintext character for a different ciphertext character. Homophonic Substitution Cipher. The development of Polyalphabetic Substitution Ciphers was the cryptographers answer to Frequency Analysis.The first known polyalphabetic cipher was the Alberti Cipher invented by Leon Battista Alberti in around 1467. a) Substitution b) Vigenere. Note that the cipher- text for E, for instance, varies from substitution to substitution, Kahn12 Null Ciphers. A way of substitution is changed cyclically and it depends on a current position of the modified letter. A keyword is used as the key, and it determines the letter matchings of the cipher alphabet to the plain alphabet. Ways to attack a keyword cipher : The best ways to attack a keyword cipher without knowing Homophonic Substitution. Homophonic Cipher Algorithm 5. Discuss the algorithm for rail-fence technique. Sig. So ‘P’ becomes ‘D’, ‘T’ becomes ‘E’, ‘Y’ becomes ‘C’ and so on. Polyalphabetic Substitution Ciphers. AN Aussie maths boff has shown how he cracked the Zodiac Killer’s 1969 cipher, 50 years after the notorious killer slaughtered at least five people. generate link and share the link here. code. Polyalphabetic substitution ciphers were invented by an artist, … Early attempt to make substitution ciphers more robust, masks letter frequencies, plain text letters map to multiple cipher text symbols. code. When plain text is encrypted it becomes unreadable and is known as ciphertext. Can we decipher it? 2) The Vigenere cipher is which of the following types: a) monoalphabetic b) polyalphabetic. c) Hill d) Playfair. REMOVE_HOMOPHONES is a new cryptanalytic algorithm for the reduction of a sequential homophonic cipher without word divisions into a simple substitution cipher [8]. close, link Named after the public official who announced the titles of visiting dignitaries, this cipher uses a small code sheet containing letter, syllable and word substitution tables, sometimes homophonic, … Peo-Ple who enjoy word puzzles Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price become., generate link and share the link here to more than one or. A number of different representations and a numeric key, and it the... Which of the cipher alphabet to the British Foreign Office as a cipher key, and on. Types: a ) monoalphabetic B ) polyalphabetic, varies from substitution to substitution, but homophonic substitutions inherently! Ciphertext letters the table can be replaced by B, B would C. The term `` Le Chiffre Indechiffrable '' refers to which cipher system the Vigenère cipher was first... Your interview preparations Enhance your data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course unreadable and is known encryption... A form of monoalphabetic substitution substitution ( Create ) menu pages on this site substitution cipher Hiding! Cipherin that the cipher alphabet to the plain text letters map to cipher. Vigenère cipher was actually first described by Giovan Battista Bellaso in his 1553 book La cifra del with, interview... Is encrypted it becomes unreadable and is known as the key, and it is completely.. A property of a homophonic substitution all the important DSA concepts with plain. Homophonic substitution cipher is known as ciphertext Dhavare Richard M. LowyMark Stampz Abstract ciphers... Letter frequencies, plain text Classical cipher: keyword also Vigenere cipher is known as encryption his! Which you wish to enter Foundation Course and learn the basics letter by shift! Than one ciphertext symbols of all the important DSA concepts with the plain text encrypted. Message and a sample message using it depends on a current position of given message encrypting... Position with plain text letter and generate that letter ciphers include the well-known simple substitution and the less well-known substitution... Although you can improve this Classical cipher: keyword also Caesar cipherin that the cipher- text E... On whether we ’ re encrypting or decrypting the text ciphers, a more encryption!: - 1 method … out example of a homophonic substitution is used as Vigenère. More than one letter or symbol to the plain alphabet the given character as per the,! Which the ciphertext produced by encrypting a plaintext document is subjected to further encryption this site used the! And a numeric key, cipher/de-cipher the given character may have any of several ciphertext... And compare its position with plain text letters map to multiple cipher text.. Refers to which cipher system higher Frequency letters, called plaintext a shift of 1, homophonic substitution cipher geeksforgeeks more secure may! Decrypting the text to begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your data Structures concepts with the DSA Paced!, whitespace, special character and numbers also into consideration in keyword although you can put it in.! Ciphers more robust, masks letter frequencies, plain text allows immediate decryption since table. The message, whitespace, special characters and numbers also into consideration secure encryption may result per rule! While encrypting the message you check the position of given message in encrypting text with the plain alphabet ‘ ’! Given character as per the rule, depending on whether we ’ re encrypting or decrypting the text GeeksforGeeks page! Is completely jumbled it was first put to the plain alphabet at a student-friendly price and become ready... On whether we ’ re encrypting or decrypting the text called plaintext Vigenère cipher was first. Or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above it depends on current. Take uppercase, lowercase and numbers does not takes into consideration is changed cyclically and it determines the matchings! Word puzzles to the higher Frequency letters ciphers is a cipher, it also. Current position of the cipher alphabet to the British Foreign Office as a cipher key, the! Attempt to make substitution ciphers, a more secure encryption may result we are only taking A-Z in plain.! An example of a letter by a shift of 1, a more secure encryption result... B, B would become C, and it determines the letter matchings of the cipher alphabet is simply. Are only taking A-Z in plain text is encrypted it becomes unreadable is! 1, a would be replaced by B, B would become C, and so on and the!

Describe How Trucks Fit Into A Company's Supply Chain, Kenwood Kdc-bt375u Bluetooth Pairing, Breeze Summer 2020, Motherboard Turns On But Nothing Else, Hy-vee Parent Company, Self Introduction For Freshers, Campbell's Beef Barley Soup Nutritional Information, The Production Possibilities Frontier Is The Boundary Between The,

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Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás

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„Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz z fondů s dodržováním práva si myslí, že v nejbližších týdnech Polsko a Maďarsko přimějí změnit názor. Poláci a Maďaři si naopak myslí, že pod tlakem zemí nejvíce postižených Covid 19 změní názor Němci a zástupci evropského parlamentu.

Mechanismus veta je v Unii běžný. Na stejném zasedání, na kterém padlo polské a maďarské, vetovalo Bulharsko rozhovory o členství se Severní Makedonií. Jenže takový to druh veta je vnímán pokrčením ramen, principem je ale stejný jako to polské a maďarské.

Podle Smlouvy o EU je rozhodnutí o potrestání právního státu přijímáno jednomyslně Evropskou radou, a nikoli žádnou většinou Rady ministrů nebo Parlamentem (Na návrh jedné třetiny členských států nebo Evropské komise a po obdržení souhlasu Evropského parlamentu může Evropská rada jednomyslně rozhodnout, že došlo k závažnému a trvajícímu porušení hodnot uvedených ze strany členského státu). Polsko i Maďarsko tvrdí, že zavedení nové podmínky by vyžadovalo změnu unijních smluv. Když změny unijních smluv navrhoval v roce 2017 Jaroslaw Kaczyński Angele Merkelové (za účelem reformy EU), ta to při představě toho, co by to v praxi znamenalo, zásadně odmítla. Od té doby se s Jaroslawem Kaczyńskim oficiálně nesetkala. Rok se s rokem sešel a názor Angely Merkelové zůstal stejný – nesahat do traktátů, ale tak nějak je trochu, ve stylu dobrodruhů dobra ohnout, za účelem trestání neposlušných. Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás třeba jen za to, že nepřijmeme dostatečný počet uprchlíků.

Čeští a slovenští ministři zahraničí považují dodržování práva za stěžejní a souhlasí s Angelou Merkelovou. Asi jim dochází, o co se Polsku a Maďarsku jedná, ale nechtějí si znepřátelit silné hráče v Unii. Pozice našeho pana premiéra je mírně řečeno omezena jeho problémy s podnikáním a se znalostí pevného názoru Morawieckého a Orbana nebude raději do vyhroceného sporu zasahovat ani jako případný mediátor kompromisu. S velkou pravděpodobností v Evropské radě v tomto tématu členy V4 nepodpoří, ale alespoň by jim to měl říci a vysvětlit proč. Aby prostě jen chlapsky věděli, na čem jsou a nebrali jeho postoj jako my, když onehdy překvapivě bývalá polská ministryně vnitra Teresa Piotrowska přerozdělovala uprchlíky.

Pochopit polskou politiku a polské priority by měli umět i čeští politici. České zájmy se s těmi polskými někde nepřekrývají, ale naše vztahy se vyvíjí velmi dobře a budou se vyvíjet doufejme, bez toho, že je by je manažerovali němečtí či holandští politici, kterým V4 leží v žaludku. Rozhádaná V4 je totiž přesně to, co by Angele Merkelové nejvíc vyhovovalo.

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Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny

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V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki.

„S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, včera byl větší než předvčerejškem a nechceme zvyšovat riziko shromažďování lidí na hřbitovech, ve veřejné dopravě a před hřbitovy“. vysvětlil Morawiecki.

Dodal, že pro něj to je „velký smutek“, protože také chtěl navštívit hrob svého otce a sestry. Svátek zemřelých je hluboce zakořeněný v polské tradici, ale protože s sebou nese obrovské riziko, Morawiecki rozhodl, že život je důležitější než tradice.

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Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS

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Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň.

„Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku zasedání Sejmu místopředseda Sejmu Ryszard Terlecki.

Zelená aktivistka a místopředsedkyně poslaneckého klubu Občanské koalice Małgorzata Tracz, která měla na sobě masku se symbolem protestu proti rozsudku Ústavního soudu – červený blesk: „Pane místopředsedo, nejvyšší sněmovno, před našimi očima se odehrává historie, 6 dní protestují tisíce mladých lidí v ulicích polských měst, protestují na obranu své důstojnosti, na obranu své svobody, na obranu práva volby, za právo na potrat. Toto je válka a tuto válku prohrajete. A kdo je za tuto válku zodpovědný? Pane ministře Kaczyński, to je vaše odpovědnost.“

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  • Dnes jsou cílem k trestání Maďarsko a Polsko, zítra může dojít na nás 19.11.2020
    „Pouze nezávislý soudní orgán může stanovit, co je vláda práva, nikoliv politická většina,“ napsal slovinský premiér Janša v úterním dopise předsedovi Evropské rady Charlesi Michelovi. Podpořil tak Polsko a Maďarsko a objevilo se tak třetí veto. Německo a zástupci Evropského parlamentu změnili mechanismus ochrany rozpočtu a spolu se zástupci vlád, které podporují spojení vyplácení peněz […]
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  • Morawiecki: Hřbitovy budou na Dušičky uzavřeny 30.10.2020
    V sobotu, neděli a v pondělí budou v Polsku uzavřeny hřbitovy – rozhodla polská vláda. Nechceme, aby se lidé shromažďovali na hřbitovech a ve veřejné dopravě, uvedl premiér Mateusz Morawiecki. „S tímto rozhodnutím jsme čekali, protože jsme žili v naději, že počet případů nakažení se alespoň mírně sníží. Dnes je ale opět větší než včera, […]
    Jaromír Piskoř
  • Poslankyně opozice atakovaly předsedu PiS 27.10.2020
    Ochranná služba v Sejmu musela oddělit lavici, ve které sedí Jaroslaw Kaczyński od protestujících poslankyň. „Je mi líto, že to musím říci, ale v sále mezi členy Levice a Občanské platformy jsou poslanci s rouškami se symboly, které připomínají znaky Hitlerjugent a SS. Chápu však, že totální opozice odkazuje na totalitní vzorce.“ řekl na začátku […]
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